Approaches to Clinical Psychology. Past and Present. Several approaches have been applied in the field of Clinical Psychology. These approaches are based on theoretical views or perspectives within the field of psychology.
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Past and Present
B. Psychopathology is caused by disease.
E.g., environmental factors (life-style, abuse) may play role in some mental disorders (depression).
Examples include depression, schizophrenia, ADHD, autism, antisocial behaviors
2. Anal (2yr)-needs met- through elimination of waste.
E.g., Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorder, & autism are largely related to organic causes.
2. Simplistic circular reasoning (Description as explanation).
E.g., depressed person has negative cognition--I am worthless.