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Growth of Royal Power in England. World History I. Feudal Monarchs. Monarchs were the figure heads of society They had limited power Lords & Church had much of the power over the people Monarchs used different tactics to centralize power Expanded royal rule Set up royal courts

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Presentation Transcript
feudal monarchs
Feudal Monarchs
  • Monarchs were the figure heads of society
    • They had limited power
      • Lords & Church had much of the power over the people
  • Monarchs used different tactics to centralize power
    • Expanded royal rule
    • Set up royal courts
    • Developed taxes
    • Built a stable army
    • Strengthened ties with the Middle Class
the norman conquest
The Norman Conquest
  • Battle in 1066 for the English Throne
  • King Edward of England died without an heir to the throne
    • The nobles chose Edward’s brother, Harold
    • William, Duke of Normandy, claimed himself heir to the throne
  • William gained support from the Pope
    • Raised an army and sailed across the English Channel
    • On Christmas Day, William defeated Harold to become the King of England
william t he conqueror
William The Conqueror
  • Duke of Normandy, he forced himself into the English throne in the Norman Conquest
  • He blended Anglo-Saxon and French culture
  • Adjusted the feudal government to gain more power
  • Produced the “Domesday Book”
henry ii
Henry II
  • Henry was a well educated but hot-tempered king
  • He broadened the system of royal justice, giving the royal court power over the smaller courts
  • This did not go over well with the church and this led to power struggles between the church and the monarch
    • Henry was accused of killing Thomas Becket
king john the magna carta
King John & The Magna Carta
  • King John was the younger brother of Richard the Lionheart
    • He was a power-hungry tyrant and did not protect the rights of his people
    • He made laws, but frequently broke them himself
  • Under a poor ruler, the people of England needed a stable government
  • Magna Carta = a long list of feudal rights
    • Means “great charter”
    • Designed to protect the free man
parliament
Parliament
  • Parliament is an organized form of government to advise the monarch
    • Similar to a bureaucracy
    • This limited the power of the king
      • Had to get approval of the Parliament before doing anything
  • King Edward I asked Parliament for its approval
  • Established a “Model Parliament” with two houses
    • House of Lords
    • House of Commons