Sub-regional Trade Union Conference on the role of trade unions in migration Baku, 27-28 April 2011. Sandra Vermuyten, CTA Migration Project, ILO Moscow. The ILO is the only United Nations agency with a constitutional
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Sub-regional Trade Union Conference on the role of trade unions in migration
Baku, 27-28 April 2011
Sandra Vermuyten, CTA Migration Project, ILO Moscow
The ILO is the only United Nations agency with a constitutional
mandate to protect migrant workers, and this mandate has been reaffirmed by the 1944 Declaration of Philadelphia and the 1998 ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. It has been dealing with labour migration issues since its inception in 1919. It has pioneered international Conventions to guide migration policy and protection of migrant workers. All major sectors of the ILO - standards, employment, social protection and social dialogue - work on labour migration within its overarching framework of "decent work for all". ILO adopts a rights-based approach to labour migration and promotes tripartite participation (governments, employers and workers) in migration policy.
International migrants in 2010, estimated at 214 million, represent only 3 per cent of the global population.
Women make up almost 50 per cent of international migrants.
Migrant workers (those who migrate for employment) and their families account for about 90 per cent of total international migrants. Migration today is for work, and as such comes under the ILO’s overall Decent Work Agenda.
Economically active migrant workers number about 105 million in 2010.
These developments pose important challenges for the four pillars of labour migration policy: governance, protection, development and cooperation. The challenge is to govern migration so that it creates growth and prosperity in both origin and destination countries, while protecting and benefiting migrant workers themselves.
While major destination countries have liberalized admissions for skilled persons to some extent, doors remain closed for low- and semi-skilled persons, where developing countries have a surplus. This has three undesirable effects: serious brain drain from poor countries, the channelling of a large part of unmet demand to the irregular economy and reduced development benefits.
In destination countries, migration has rejuvenated populations and workforces, contributed to job creation, rendered traditional sectors such as agriculture and services economically viable, fostered entrepreneurship, supported social security and welfare schemes, satisfied the demand for skills in emerging high-tech industries and promoted urban renewal.
The evidence debunks a number of popular myths – for instance that migrant workers displace local workers, increase the crime rate and exploit public welfare systems.
Nonetheless, many migrant workers do not enjoy decent work, but instead suffer from low wages, unsafe working environments, non-payment of wages, a virtual absence of social protection, denial of freedom of association and workers’ rights, discrimination and xenophobia.
Migrant workers tend to be concentrated in economic sectors that are less attractive to native workers: agriculture, construction, labour-intensive manufacturing and services, including domestic work, hotel work and tourism.
These sectors include some of the most vulnerable migrant workers: women domestic workers, construction workers, workers with irregular status and trafficked persons.
Europe (70 million), Asia (61 million), North America (50 million)
Top 3 countries for migration:
USA (42,8 million), Russia (12,3 million), Germany (10,8 million)
Top 3 sending countries:
China (35 million), India (20 million), The Philippines (7 million)
Country of destination for Azerbaijan citizens (2001-2009)
- Insufficient money for food: 19%
- We can only buy food and some other things: 48%
- We can purchase normal food and clothing, but can’t afford a computer, refrigerator or TV set: 17%
- We can purchase expensive things, but can’t afford a personal car or an apartment/a house: 7%
Men: 20-35 years old
Women: 20-30 years old
- Migration Policy adopted by ATUC in December 2010
- Report on Migration and Development presented in November 2010
- Memorandum of Cooperation to be signed with FNPR Yekaterinburg, diaspora involved
- Association of private employment agencies was set up in December 2010, support provided (Ctd)
- ATUC migration centers set up and operational in Baku,Ganja, Lenkoran, Sumgayit.
- Government officials trained on bi-lateral labour agreements / ILO Multilateral Framework on Migration
- Wide distribution of ILO materials on migration, ILO Conventions and related materials / translated in national languages
- Trade Union Manual on Work with Migrants translated in national languages
Development of series of publications on legal migration to Russia, both training and information materials
- Information campaign ongoing in cooperation with ATUC
- Development and printings of Flyers for the migrants coming to Azerbaijan.
- Provide support for development of Labour Migration Statistics Data Base
CTA MIGRATION PROJECT