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One World. One Home. One Heart. One World. The burden of cardiovascular disease ·  Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart disease and stroke, is the world’s largest killer, claiming 17.1 million lives a year.

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One World

One Home

One Heart

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One World

The burden of cardiovascular disease

· Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including heart disease and stroke, is the world’s largest killer, claiming 17.1 million lives a year.

· In 2004, an estimated 7.2 million of these deaths were due to coronary heart disease and 5.7 million were due to stroke.

· Over 80 per cent of CVD deaths take place in low-and middle-income countries and occur almost equally in men and women.

· By 2030, almost 23.6 million people will die from CVD, mainly from heart disease and stroke. It is projected to remain the single leading cause of death.

· CVD is responsible for 10 per cent of disability adjusted life years (DALYs)  lost in low- and middle-income countries, and for 18 per cent of DALYs lost in high-income countries.

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Types of cardiovascular disease

  • Coronary heart disease- a disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle that can lead to a heart attack.
  • Stroke (cerebrovascular disease) - the brain equivalent to a heart attack. Blood must flow to and through the brain for it to function. If this flow to a part of the brain is blocked or interrupted that part of the brain is deprived of oxygen and nutrients and begins to die.
  • Rheumatic heart disease- caused by streptococcal bacteria (rheumatic fever) damages the heart muscle and heart valves.
  • Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism- blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.
  • Congenital heart disease– this is a heart defect present at birth. Examples include holes in the heart (such as atrial septal defect or ventricular septal defect), abnormal valves, and abnormal heart chambers.
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One Home

  • One Home

This year, on World Heart Day, the World Heart Federation and its members challenge you to take charge of your family’s heart health and become your home’s advocate for heart-healthy living.

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1. Ban smoking from your home

·Stop smoking in the home to improve your own and your children’s heart health.

· Implement a new role in your home: for every cigarettes someone smokes an extra household chore is waiting!

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2.Stock your home with healthy food options

· Start the day with a piece of fruit and prepare your own lunch at home to ensure healthy options are taken to work or school.

· Make sure every evening meal contains at least two to three servings of vegetables per person.

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3. Be Active

· Families should limit the amount

of time spent in front of the TV to less than two hours per day.

· Organize outdoor activities for the family, such as cycling or hiking trips or simply playing in the garden.

· When possible, instead of using the car, take your bicycle or walk from home to your destination.

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4. Know your Numbers

·Visit your healthcare professional who can measure your blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels, together with waist-to-hip ratio and body mass index (BMI).

· Once you know your overall CVD risk, you can develop a specific plan of action to improve your heart health. Make this action plan clearly visible in your home as reminder.

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One Heart

Every year, 17.1 million lives are claimed by the global burden of cardiovascular disease, with 82 per cent of deaths occurring in low and middle-income countries. This excessive number of deaths is particularly saddening, since through steps such as eating a healthy diet, regular physical activity and avoiding tobacco the majority of these deaths could be prevented.

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Warning signs of a Heart Attack include:

·Chest discomfort including squeezing or pain in the center of the chest between the breasts or behind the breastbone.

·Discomfort and/or pain spreading to other areas of the upper body such as one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.

·Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort.

Other signs include: unexplained weakness or fatigue, anxiety or unusual nervousness, indigestion or gas-like pain, breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea, vomiting, light headedness and collapse.

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Warning signs of a stroke include:

·Sudden weakness of the face, arm or leg most often on one side of the body.

·Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding.

·Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.

·Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination.

·Sudden severe headache with no cause.

If experiencing any of these signs, which could come and go, call your emergency services/ambulance immediately.  If there is no emergency response number seek medical attention as soon as possible.

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CVD risk factors include:

·High blood pressure

·Being overweight

·High blood cholesterol

·Tobacco use

·Lack of physical activity

·Presence of diabetes