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12 Tectonic Plates Shaping the Formation of Regional STEMI Networks

12 Tectonic Plates Shaping the Formation of Regional STEMI Networks

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12 Tectonic Plates Shaping the Formation of Regional STEMI Networks

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  1. 12 Tectonic Plates Shaping the Formation of Regional STEMI Networks Ivan C. Rokos, MD, FACEP, (FACC) Emergency Physician Asst. Clinical Professor, UCLA Staff Physician, Olive View-UCLA Staff Physician, Northridge Hospital Los Angeles, CA

  2. Disclosures • No financial disclosure • Member • ACC D2B Alliance Steering Committee • AHA Mission: Lifeline • Emergency Cardiac Care Committee • Model Evaluation Committee • AHA California STEMI Task Force • LA County STEMI Receiving Center Network planning • Volunteer consultant to the E2B Coalition • www.E2Bchallenge.com

  3. Primary Objective • ACC vision  Quality and Value • Guidelines, Registries, Appropriate Use Criteria • Dr. Weaver, President’s Page, JACC, March 10, 2009 • Systems and Networks allow frontline clinicians to consistently achieve Quality • In an organized system…. • Good clinicians excel • Average providers still do the right thing • Fix “bad systems,” not “bad clinicians”

  4. Large and Powerful Tectonic Plates shape our planet’s geography 12 Tectonic Plates are shaping the formation of STEMI Networks

  5. Tectonic Plates #1-4 • National Trauma Center Systems • Example of multi-disciplinary collaboration • NRMI Registry • The Status quo for D2B was slow • Feds and Core Measures • Mandated Transparency • Institute of Medicine 2006 Report • Emergency Care at the Breaking Point

  6. Tectonic Plates #5-8 • ACC/AHA STEMI Guidelines • 2004 Benchmark of D2B ≤90 Minutes • ACC D2B Alliance • Improve INTRA-hospital process for PPCI • Two European Studies • Prague-2 and Danami-2 • Technology • Automated pre-hospital ECGs and Defibrillators

  7. #9) “Grassroots” Initiative(Rokos IC, 2006 AHJ,152:661) • Multi-Disciplinary • Influenced by the 8 prior Tectonic Plates • Inter-hospital transfer & pre-hospital cardiac triage

  8. “Grassroots” intersects with Big Society 11 Papers, Circulation May 30, 2007

  9. Inter-hospital Transfer in 2007 • Minneapolis (Henry et al, Circulation 07) • Mayo Rochester (Ting et al, Circulation 07) • North Carolina RACE (Jollis et al, JAMA 07)

  10. Pre-hospital Cardiac Triage • Regional diversionprotocol allowing EMS to transport STEMI directly to PPCI-capable hospitals • Cardiac cath lab accessible 24/7/365 regardless of ED-diversion status • Parallel processing patient transport and cardiac cath lab activation occurring simultaneously • Plan A = PCI, Plan B = Fibrinolytics • Regional Quality Improvement Database

  11. “Clever” Devices need Networks & Systems

  12. 45 STEMI Receiving Centers: Ventura, Los Angeles, & Orange Counties (California) 64 in So. Cal: 19 more SRCs San Diego, Riverside, San Bernadino Counties.

  13. The DATA

  14. JACC CV Interventions, April 2009, in press

  15. Map of 10 STEMI Networks(Rokos et al, 2009 JACC Intv., in press) PDF

  16. Demographic Summary for 10-regions • 20+ million citizens • 5,000+ paramedics • 166 hospitals Paramedic Receiving Centers • 72 hospitals  STEMI Receiving Centers • D2B Data spans: • Unique start date for each region • End August 31, 2007 • Includes ALL consecutive patients

  17. Study PopulationAggregate 10-region Data • 2,712 PH-ECG(+) for presumed STEMI • N= 659 (24%) PH-ECG(+) but PPCI(-) • N=2,053 (76%) PH-ECG(+) and PPCI(+)

  18. D2B Pooled Analysis • N = 2,053 for 10 SRC networks combined • 86% rate of D2B 90 Minutes • Inclusions: • ALL consecutive PH-ECG (+) and PPCI (+) • Exclusions: • No self-transport patients • No inter-hospital transfer patients

  19. Rate of D2B ≤ 90min by Region(Rokos et al, 2009 JACC Intv., in press) N = 2,053 Solid Red line represents the Primary Endpoint. Dashed Red line is D2B Alliance Benchmark

  20. Secondary Endpoints:N=2,053 with D2B Time • 50% rate of D2B ≤ 60 Minutes (N=1,031) • 25% rate of D2B ≤ 45 Minutes (N=517) • 8% rate of D2B ≤ 30 Minutes (N=155)

  21. CathPCI Registry 2005-06 (N=43,801)(Rathore et al, Circulation, AHA08 abstract #6174) In-hospital Mortality D2B from 90 to 60 minutes associated with 0.8% Mortality D2B from 60 to 30 minutes associated with 0.5% Mortality

  22. E2B EMS-to-Balloon time • EMS = Emergency Medical Services • Time Zero = Date and Time auto-stamped on first PH-ECG diagnostic of STEMI

  23. Tertiary Endpoint(EMS)-to-Balloon (E2B) • 2,053 were PH-ECG(+) and PPCI(+) • 762 of 2,053 (37%) had PH-ECG time recorded in a database (5 regions: LAC, MSP, Med, Cha, Ven) • 68% rate of E2B ≤ 90 minutes

  24. Primary ObjectiveSystems and Networksprovide your community with Quality 9-1-1 is A2Q Access to Quality (Tectonic Plate #9)

  25. #10) National Registries ACC/AHA Collaboration NCDR created and empowered a large, enthusiastic workforce of QI personnel across most PPCI hospitals

  26. #11) AHA Mission: Lifeline • National community-based initiative • The “ideal” becomes the “routine” • Goals: • Improve quality of care & outcomes in STEMI • Improve health care system readiness and response

  27. Developing Ideal STEMI Systems 27

  28. Secondary Objective: How do ACC-D2B and AHA-MLL interact?

  29. Developing Ideal STEMI Systems 29

  30. STEMI Systems Synergy Collaborating Societies & Organizations AHA Mission: Lifeline Inter-Hospital, Pre-hospital, Patient Education pre/post (N=5,000) ACC D2B Alliance Intra-hospital (N=1200) Registries  Guideline-based Performance Measures and Quality Metrics

  31. Tectonic Plate #12 Bigger than ACC, AHA, NCDR, TJC, etc.

  32. #12) Change ….You Can Believe In • Obama Campaign website • “I am asking you to Believe…not just in my ability to bring about real change in Washington…I’m asking you to Believe in yours • “STEMI Activist” • Ordinary healthcare professionals trying to optimize the STEMI system in their region using best evidence • Empowerment & Engagement Sustainability

  33. SummaryThree Objectives • To achieve Quality and Value… • Organize Systems and Networks • Patient-centered care is Priority #1 (ACC/AHA) • Synergy clearly exists between… • ACC D2B Alliance • AHA Mission: Lifeline • Spread the spirit of STEMI Activism • State STEMI Contact List Email: irokos@earthlink.net