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Web-Enabled Decision Support Systems. Crystal Reports. Prof. Name name@email.com Position (123) 456-7890 University Name. Overview. 16.1 Introduction 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report

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web enabled decision support systems

Web-Enabled Decision Support Systems

Crystal Reports

Prof. Name name@email.com

Position (123) 456-7890

University Name

overview
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
introduction
Introduction
  • Crystal Reports is one of the world’s leading software packages for creating interactive reports
    • Allow us to compare, summarize, group, and present data to users in a variety of formats:
      • Invoices, bills, charts, graphs, and more
    • Provides a rich collection of features:
      • Grouping, sorting, summarizing, analyzing, applying selection criteria, selecting display styles, and graphically presenting data using charts
    • Integrated and distributed along with the Visual Studio package
    • We utilize the Visual Studio IDE to design reports and integrate them in database applications
      • Display charts and summarized information on Windows forms or web forms
      • Built on existing or new data sources or on other ADO .NET objects
overview1
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
a simple student report
A Simple Student Report
  • The report should display:
    • Contact information (name, email, and phone) of students in the Industrial Engineering (ISE) department, grouped by student classes
    • Bar chart for the number of ISE students in each of the five student classes

The Student Report

application db connection and data source
Application, DB Connection, and Data Source
  • How-to: Create a Simple Student Report
    • Create a new Windows application named CrystalReports, using the NewProject dialog box.
    • Choose the Data | Show Data Sources option from the Main menu to open the Data Sources Window. Click AddNewDataSource to start the DataSourceConfiguration wizard.
    • Create a new connection to the University database; copy the database to the current project folder when prompted; choose the student, department, college, and faculty tables from the table’s nodes on the last page. Click Finish.
adding a report to the application
Adding a Report to the Application
  • Choose Project | Add New Item from the Main menu to open the Add New Item dialog box. Locate and select the CrystalReport option. Name the report as StudentReport.rpt in the NameTextBox and click Add.

Adding a Crystal Report to the Application

using the report expert wizard
Using the Report Expert Wizard
  • We choose the mode of the Crystal Report creation in the Crystal Reports Gallery dialog box from the following options:
    • Using the Report Wizard
      • Choose from a variety of Experts in the bottom half of the dialog box
      • Experts create different types of reports and are, arguably, the most popular methods of creating new reports
    • As a Blank Report
      • Advanced users can build reports from a blank report
      • No Expert wizards are available for this option
    • From an Existing Report
      • Imports an existing report, which is used as the basis for a new report
      • Again, Experts wizards are unavailable with this option
using the report expert wizard cont
Using the Report Expert Wizard (cont.)
  • Selecting the Using the Report Wizard option allows us to choose from three different Experts as shown in the table below:
using the report expert wizard cont1
Using the Report Expert Wizard (cont.)
  • For the student report example, keep the default selections, Using the Report Wizard and Standard Expert. Click OK.

The Crystal Reports

Gallery Dialog Box

specifying source of the report data
Specifying Source of the Report Data
  • On the Data page, collapse the Project Data | ADO .NET DataSets | CrystalReports.UniversityDataSet nodes to see the list of data tables.
  • Add the student table from the Available Data Sources pane to the Selected Tables pane. Click Next.

Specifying Data

Sources

selecting the fields of the report
Selecting the Fields of the Report
  • On the Fields page, collapse the tblStudent node to view its available fields. Add the StudentID, DeptID, Name, Class, Email, and Phone fields of the student table from the Available Fields pane to the Fields to Display pane. Click Next .

Selecting Relevant

Fields for the Report

performing grouping operations
Performing Grouping Operations
  • On the Grouping page, add the tblStudent.Class field from the Available Fields pane to the Group By pane. Accept the default “in ascending order” sorting order at the bottom of the wizard page and click Next.

Group By Field

of the Report

performing summary operations
Performing Summary Operations
  • On the Summary page, add the tblStudent.StudentID field from the Available Fields pane to the Summarized Fields pane.
  • Select the StudentID summary field from the SummarizedFields pane and choose the Count operation from the drop-down list below. Click Next.

Counting the Number

of Students

using the group sorting feature
Using the Group Sorting Feature
  • On the Group Sorting page, accept the default None option for the Class group and click Next.

Group Sorting

Options

using the chart option
Using the Chart Option
  • Chart is one of the most attractive features of the Crystal Reports
    • On the Chart page of the Expert wizard, we can specify:
      • Chart type
      • Chart title
      • Chart data
  • Chart types:
    • Bar Chart
      • Uses vertical or horizontal bars to show the relationship between data
    • Line Chart
      • Uses lines along a grid to present the data
    • Pie Chart
      • A circle divided into segments, with each piece of the pie representing the data
using the chart option cont
Using the Chart Option (cont.)
  • On the Chart page, select the Bar Chart radio button. Select tblStudent.Class as the “On change of” field (X-axis) and Count of tblStudent.StudentID as the “Show summary” field (Y-axis). Name the chart title as shown in below. Click Next.

Selecting the Chart

Type as a Bar Chart

filtering the report
Filtering the Report
  • On the Record Selection page, move the tblStudent.DeptID field from the Available Fields pane to the Filter Fields pane.
  • Select the DeptID field in the FilterFields pane, and choose the “isequalto” item from the drop-down list. Assign the value of the expression “ISE” in the second drop-down list and click Next.

Applying Filtering

Criteria

selecting the report style
Selecting the Report Style
  • On the Report Style page, select the Red/Blue Border style for the student report. Click Finish to add the report to the application.

Selecting the

Report Style

selecting the report style cont
Selecting the Report Style (cont.)
  • Select the bar chart object from the report header and right-click the selection. Choose the Chart Options | Template option from the short-cut menu to open the Chart Option dialog box. Select the Use Depth option and click OK.

The Crystal Report’s

Design Environment

adding a crystalreportviewer
Adding a CrystalReportViewer
  • Open Form1 in the Design Window. Drag and drop the CrystalReportViewer control under the Crystal Reports tab in the Toolbox on Form1.

Adding a CrystalReportViewer Control to a Windows Form

binding the report and running
Binding the Report and Running
  • Double-click on the Form1 to open the Code Window. Replace Form1’s Form_Load event with the code below. Press Ctrl + F5 to run the application.

Getting Data

Binding Report

Crystal Report Binding Code

overview2
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
crystal report sections
Crystal Report Sections
  • A Crystal Report consists of a number of sections:
    • Report Header/Footer:
      • Appear once at the beginning/end of the report
    • Page Header/Footer:
      • Appear on each page of the report
      • Footer includes page number by default
    • Group Header/Footer:
      • Appear automatically for each group
    • Details:
      • Core section of a report
      • Appears once for each record

Crystal Report Sections

overview3
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
formatting charts and fields
Formatting Charts and Fields
  • We format charts to make them look more appealing
    • Includes modifying the chart type, editing its title, layout, data labels, axis labels, and grid lines settings
    • There are four different options available in the Chart Options menu to format a chart:
formatting charts and fields cont
Formatting Charts and Fields (cont.)
  • How-to: Format Charts and Fields
    • Open the StudentReport.rpt file from the Solution Explorer to view the report’s design.
    • Right-click on the chart object in the report header (Section 1) to display its formatting options. Choose the Chart Options item.

Chart Options Item

for Chart Formatting

Properties of Report Charts and Fields

editing chart design
Editing Chart Design
  • To edit any of the Expert wizard options:
    • Right-click outside the chart object in the report header section and choose the appropriate option from the short-cut menu.

Editing Chart Design

overview4
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
properties of a crystalreportviewer control
Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • We can further enhance report appearance and behavior by manipulating properties of the CrystalReportViewer control:
overview5
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
creating the report
Creating the Report
  • How-to: Create a Pie-Chart to Display Faculty Salaries
    • Add Form2 to the CrystalReports application.
    • Choose the Project | Add New Item option from the Main menu to invoke the Add New Item dialog box. Choose the Crystal Report item, and name the report FacultySalary.rpt. Click Add to create a new Crystal Report.
    • Select the default Using the Report Wizard option with the Standard Expert selection in the Crystal Reports Gallery dialog box. Click OK.
creating the report cont
Creating the Report (cont.)
  • On the Data page of the wizard, select the tblFaculty data table under Project Data | ADO.NET Datasets in the Available Data Sources pane, and add it to the Selected Tables pane. Click Next.
  • On the Fields page, select and add the FacultyID, DeptID, and Salary fields to the FieldstoDisplay pane. Click Next.
  • On the Grouping page, select and add the DeptID field to the GroupBy pane. Click Next.

Choosing Tables

on the Data Page

creating the report cont1
Creating the Report (cont.)
  • On the Summaries page, remove the Sum of tblFaculty.FacultyID field from the SummarizedFields pane. For the tblFaculty.Salary field, choose the Average summary option from the drop-down list at the bottom of the page. Click Next.

Using the Summary Page

creating the report cont2
Creating the Report (cont.)
  • On the GroupSorting page, select the None ordering option and click Next.
  • On the Chart page, choose the PieChart option. Change the Chart Title box as shown below. Accept default values for the On Change of and Show summary drop-down lists. Click Finish.

Setting up a Pie Chart

creating the report cont3
Creating the Report (cont.)
  • In the FacultyReport.rpt’s design view, remove all the fields in the various report sections except for the chart object in the report header.
  • Select the chart object and right-click the selection. Choose Chart Options | General item from the short-cut menu to open the Chart Options dialog box.
  • Navigate to the Data Labels tab and configure it as shown below.

Configuring Data Labels

on the Pie Chart

binding the report
Binding the Report
  • Add a CrystalReportViewer control from the ToolBox on Form2.
  • Using the Properties Window of the control, change its Dock property from Fill to None, and set its DisplayGroupTree property to False. Adjust its length and width on the form.

Un-docking the

CrystalReportViewer

Control

binding the report cont
Binding the Report (cont.)
  • Drag and drop the tblFaculty data table from the Data Sources Window on Form2.
  • Remove the auto-created DataGridView control and the ToolStrip control from Form2.
  • Replace the form’s Form_Load event with the code shown below.

Component Tray

Binding Code

binding the report cont1
Binding the Report (cont.)
  • Set the Form2 as the start-up form and run the application.

Running Application: Average Faculty Salaries on a Pie Chart

overview6
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
creating a report based on multiple tables
Creating a Report Based on Multiple Tables
  • We often need to create a Crystal Report based on the data from the join of two or more tables
  • Desired report:
    • “Plot a line chart of average student grades for each calendar year.”
  • In the University database:
    • Grade information is stored in the transcript table for student-section pairs
    • The year in which the sections are offered is stored in the section table
setting up the data table
Setting up the Data Table
  • How-to: Create a Crystal Report Based on Multiple Tables
    • Open the DatasetDesigner. Right-click anywhere in the designer, and choose the Add TableAdapter option from the short-cut menu to open the TableAdapter Configuration wizard.
    • On the Enter a SQL Statement page of the wizard, build the SQL query as shown below, and finish the wizard.

Average Grade Line Chart’s Base Query

setting up the data table cont
Setting up the Data Table (cont.)
  • The wizard adds a DataTable and TableAdapter in the Data Sources Window. Rename these objects as tblGrades and tblGradesTableAdapter as shown below.

TableAdapter and DataTable Objects for the Join Query

creating the report1
Creating the Report
  • Add Form3 to the CrystalReports application.
  • Add an AverageGrades.rpt report to the application.
  • Accept the default selections in the Crystal Reports Gallery dialog box.
  • Select the tblGrades data table under the Project Data | ADO.NET Datasets item and add it to the Selected Tables pane.

Choosing Data for

the Grades Report

creating the report cont4
Creating the Report (cont.)
  • On the Fields page, select and add the Year and Grade fields to the FieldstoDisplay pane. Click Next.
  • On the Grouping page, add the Year field to the GroupBy pane. Click Next.
  • On the Summaries page, remove any additional fields from the SummarizedFields pane. For the tblSection.Grade field, choose the Average summary option. Click Next.

Choosing Average

Function for the

Grade Field

creating the report cont5
Creating the Report (cont.)
  • On the GroupSorting page, accept the None ordering option and click Next.
  • On the Chart page, choose the LineChart option. Change the ChartTitle box as shown. Accept default values for the “Onchangeof” and “Showsummary” drop-down lists. Click Finish.

Setting up the

Line Chart

creating the report cont6
Creating the Report (cont.)
  • In the report’s design view, remove all the fields in the various report sections except the chart object in the report header.
  • Select the chart object from the report header and right-click the selection. Choose Chart Options | Template from the short-cut menu to open the ChartOption dialog box. Check the UseDepth option and click OK.
  • Now choose Chart Options | Titles from the same short-cut menu, and change the Y-axis title to AverageGrade. Click OK to accept changes.
creating the report cont7
Creating the Report (cont.)
  • Choose the Chart Options | Grid option, and navigate to the Scales tab in the NumericAxisGrids&Scales dialog box. Set up the scales as shown.
  • In the same dialog box, navigate to the Grids tab and check the UseManualGrid option. Set the interval value to 0.5.

Adjusting Y-axis

Scales

binding the report1
Binding the Report
  • Open Form3 in the Design Window, and add a CrystalReportViewer control. Change the control’s Dock property from Fill to None. Adjust its length and width. Also use the Property Window to set the DisplayGroupTree property to False.
  • Drag and drop the newly created tblGrades data table from the Data Sources Window on Form3.
  • Remove the auto-created DataGridView control and the ToolStrip control.

TableAdapter and Dataset Components for Chart Data

binding the report cont2
Binding the Report (cont.)
  • Replace the form’s Form_Load event with the code below.
  • Set Form3 as the start-up form

and run the application.

Running Application:

Line Chart

overview7
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
creating parameterized crystal reports
Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • Static reports are designed to display information with certain fixed characteristics
  • We can use parameterized Crystal Reports to display information based on parameter values
  • Desired report:
    • “Display contact information and a class bar chart for any user-selected department.”
      • The department selected by the user becomes a parameter for the report query
      • The query result is displayed on the report dynamically
edit a copy of an existing report
Edit a Copy of an Existing Report
  • How-to: Create Parameterized Crystal Reports
    • Select the previously created StudentReport.rpt. Choose Edit | Copy and Edit | Paste from the Main menu. Rename it as ParamStudentReport.rpt.
    • Double-click on ParamStudentReport.rpt to open it in the Design Window. Right-click outside the chart object, and choose Report | Select Expert from the short-cut menu to open the Select Expert dialog box.
    • Click Delete to remove the existing selection criterion, “is equal to” ISE. Click OK to accept the changes.

Removing Selection

Criteria from an

Existing Report

adding a parameter query
Adding a Parameter Query
  • Open the Dataset Designer, select the TblStudentTableAdapter, and right-click to choose the AddQuery option to open the TableAdapterQueryConfiguration wizard.
  • On the page SpecifyaSQLSELECTStatement, enter the SQL query as shown below and click Next.
  • Name the methods FillByDeptID and GetDataByDeptID, and click Finish.

Parameterized Query

for the Student Report

adding a toolstrip control
Adding a ToolStrip Control
  • Add a new form, Form4, to the CrystalReports application. Drag and drop the CrystalReportViewer control onto the form.
  • Set the Dock property of the control to None. Add a ToolStrip control from the All Windows Forms tab of the Toolbox on Form4.
  • Position the ToolStrip on top of the page. Use the drop-down list on the ToolStrip control to add a Label control.

Adding Controls to the ToolStrip Control

adding a toolstrip control cont
Adding a ToolStrip Control (cont.)
  • Select the newly added Label control and alter its Text property using the Property Window.
  • Similarly, add a TextBox and Button controls to the ToolStrip. Manipulate their properties as shown in the table below.

Property Values for Controls in the ToolStrip

binding the report2
Binding the Report
  • Enter the code shown below for Form4.

Form_Load Event Code for a Parametric Student Report

binding the report cont3
Binding the Report (cont.)
  • Enter the code shown below for the Click event of the command button in the ToolStrip.

Click Event Code for a Parametric Student Report

binding the report cont4
Binding the Report (cont.)
  • Set Form4 as the start-up form and run the application. Test the application by entering different DeptIDs in the ToolStrip’sTextBox control.

Running application:

A Parameterized

Student Report

overview8
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
in class assignment
In-Class Assignment
  • In this section we assign a simple problem that covers most of the features we have discussed in this chapter.
  • Create an application that plots a bar chart for the number of students in each department.
    • Do not display any record fields in the report, the chart being the only requirement.
  • Further, users should be able to view the bar chart for any college they select from a drop-down list of all colleges in the university.
overview9
Overview
  • 16.1 Introduction
  • 16.2 Crystal Report Primer: A Simple Student Report
  • 16.3 Crystal Report Sections
  • 16.4 Customizing Reports: Exploring the Design Environment
  • 16.5 Properties of a CrystalReportViewer Control
  • 16.6 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Pie-Chart to Display Salaries
  • 16.7 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating a Report from Multiple Tables
  • 16.8 Hands-On Tutorial: Creating Parameterized Crystal Reports
  • 16.9 In-Class Assignments
  • 16.10 Summary
summary
Summary
  • Reports are the best way to create a printed copy of information.
    • They allow us to compare, summarize, and subtotal large data sets in well-designed and professional forms:
      • Invoices, purchase orders, mailing orders, monthly bills, etc.
  • Crystal Reports is one of the world’s leading software packages for creating interactive reports.
    • Crystal Reports are widely used and have set the standard for reports.
  • We can also build a report based on the TableAdapter that has a join of multiple tables.
    • We introduce a powerful technique to parameterize reports, and we display reports based on the results of parameterized queries.
summary cont
Summary (cont.)
  • Adding Crystal Reports on a Windows form involves the following steps:
    • Add a Crystal Report to the application.
    • Use the Report Expert to specify the report:
      • Data source, report fields, group-by fields, aggregate function, selection fields, and filtering criteria
    • In the Expert wizard, specify a chart type, chart titles, and chart data.
    • Add a CrystalReportViewer control on the Windows form.
    • Add the data source used for report design:
      • Either in the Component tray or create it programmatically at run-time.
    • Bind the report to the viewer control.
additional links
Additional Links
  • Add links here.