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Biochips. Using Biochips as an Alternative to Current Biometric Identification Techniques December 16, 2006 Team 2 Members John Casarella Dave Fronckowiak Larry Immohr Sandy Westcott. Outline. Introduction What are biochips? Statement of the problem Relevance of the work

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biochips

Biochips

Using Biochips as an Alternative to Current

Biometric Identification Techniques

December 16, 2006

Team 2 Members

John Casarella

Dave Fronckowiak

Larry Immohr

Sandy Westcott

outline
Outline
  • Introduction
    • What are biochips?
    • Statement of the problem
    • Relevance of the work
    • Research questions
  • Relevance of the Work
  • Research Questions
  • Relevance of the Research in the context of other work
  • Methodology
  • Discussion of Expectations
  • Conclusion
introduction
Introduction
  • What are biochips?
    • Biochips are a family of products that form a technology platform
    • Biochips include:
      • Implanted RFID devices the size of a grain of rice for identification also known as implant chips.
      • Microarray devices also known as protein chips.
      • Brain chip devices which can record neural signals.
      • Porous silicon which can be used to produce devices which can replace damaged tissue.
introduction cont
Introduction (cont.)
  • Statement of the problem
    • Many forms of biometrics can produce false rejects due to normal variations such as aging or physical ailments.
    • Therefore, a simple, effective, and alternate biometric identification method is needed.
relevance of the work
Relevance of the Work
  • Relevance of the work
    • Many forms of biometrics can produce false rejects due to normal variations
      • Having a cold
      • Aging
      • Weight gain or loss
  • The use of DNA in a simple test may be an alternate identification technique
    • Combine the protein chip and the implant chip with the addition of a password or PIN to create a three layer security scheme.
      • Something you know (PIN)
      • Something you are (DNA)
      • Something you have (Implant chip)
research questions
Research Questions
  • Can the combination of protein and implant chips be used for identification purposes?
  • How do biochips compare to biometrics with respect to ease of use, timeliness of results, and reliability over time?
  • What are the database implications of using such a technology?
  • What are the ethical implications of using a person’s DNA sample to verify their identity?
  • What are the social and privacy implications?
  • Is this capability technically possible today?
  • Would the cost of implementation be prohibitive?
relevance of the research in the context of other work
Relevance of the Research in the Context of other Work
  • Advantages of this type of system:
    • Easy sample prep and standard protocol
    • Portable biochip reader
    • Automated software for identifying and reporting
    • Tailoring of biochips to meet individual needs
    • Resolution of thousands of diagnostic tests
  • Disadvantages of this type of system:
    • Time to complete identification process
    • Ethical issues when storing personal traits
    • Database management and search
methodology
Methodology
  • Review the current biochip applications
  • Develop a prototype design of the biochip identification system based upon the Argonne National Laboratories protein chip reader.
  • Survey experts on the use of protein chips for individual identification for security purposes.
discussion and expectations
Discussion and Expectations
  • Specialized protein chips may be used to test DNA samples as a form of identification.
  • This technology may be used alone or in conjunction with implanted chips to produce a highly effective security solution.
  • Through this research, it is believed that the use of protein chips will be a feasible alternative to current biometric identification techniques.
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Biochips are one of the latest emerging technologies.
  • The use of biochips may pose an alternative to biometric identification.
  • As mentioned in the “Guide to Biometrics”, DNA identification is the ultimate biometric.