Mandatory Spay/NeuterOrdinance City Council meeting October 7, 2013
Overview • Based on recommendations from the Pasadena Humane Society staff recommends: • Mandate adult cats/dogs over 4 months of age be spayed/neutered. • Establish exceptions to the mandate.
Risk Factors for Attacks 1Golab GC. A community approach to dog bite prevention. AVMA. June 2001. 2Schuler CM, DeBess EE, Lapidus JA, Hedberg K. Canine and human factors related to dog bite injuries. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2008; 232(4):542-546 3Gershman KA, Sacks JJ, Wright JC. Which dogs bite? A case-control study of risk factors. Pediatrics 1994; 93: 913-917 3Wright JC. Canine aggression toward people: bite scenarios and prevention. Vet Clin North Am Sm Ani Pract 1991; 2711(2): 299-314. • For People: • Children are most at risk, especially those 12 and under.1 • Dogs in lower income neighborhoods were more likely to bite.2 • For Dogs: • Intact males represented 70-76% of reported dog bite incidents.3,4 • Females with pups.1 • Some evidence to show biting dogs are more likely to be chained while in the yard.3
Spay/Neuter Benefits • In addition to bite risk-reduction: • Sterilization of cats and dogs is an effective means of population control. • Overpopulation of strays can lead to zoonotic disease issues such as toxoplasmosis and murine typhus.
Spay/Neuter Mandate • Required for all cats/dogs over 4 months of age • Exceptions being: • Dogs which are unable to be spayed or neutered without a high likelihood of suffering serious bodily harm or death due to age or infirmity. • Dogs used by law enforcement agencies for law enforcement purposes. • Service or assistance dogs that assist disabled persons. • Competition dogs and cats.
Timeline • June 17, 2013 recommendation on mandatory spay/neuter approved by Public Safety Committee • July 8, 2013 City Council directs City Attorney to prepare an ordinance mandating the spay/neuter of cats and dogs, excluding those that meet exclusion criteria • October 7, 2013 first reading of ordinance presented for Council consideration