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Key Aspects of Deep Change in the US. Population growth and urbanization. Technological change and economic growth. Growth in government. Population Growth and Urbanization. Population: 7 million  300 million. Three key causes of growth: Longer life spans.

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key aspects of deep change in the us
Key Aspects of Deep Change in the US
  • Population growth and urbanization.
  • Technological change and economic growth.
  • Growth in government.
population growth and urbanization
Population Growth and Urbanization
  • Population: 7 million  300 million.
  • Three key causes of growth:
    • Longer life spans.
    • High birthrates in first 100 years.
    • Immigration.
population growth and urbanization1
Population Growth and Urbanization
  • Population: 7 million  300 million.
  • Three key causes of growth:
    • Longer life spans.
    • High birthrates in first 100 years.
    • Immigration.
  • Urbanization
    • 5% to 75%.
    • 1800: Philadelphia—42,000.
    • Today: New York—10,000,000.
technological change and economic growth
Technological Change and Economic Growth
  • Inventions.
  • Key sectors:
    • Transportation
    • Communication
    • Agriculture
  • Leisure
  • Average incomes
growth in government
Growth in Government
  • Government employees:
    • 1816: 5,000
    • 1901: 200,000
    • 2013: 2,700,000
  • The 2013 budget is 800,000 times bigger than the 1791 budget.
iclicker
iClicker

Which US deep change concerns you the most?

A. Large increase in population.

B. Too many large business firms that have too much power.

C. Too much materialism caused by large increases in income.

D. “Modern” ideas (such as Darwinism, Freudianism, and Marxism) that have reduced emphasis placed in personal responsibility.

E. Large increase in the size of government.

outline empire of liberty
Outline: Empire of Liberty
  • The Founders’ system for bringing the West into the US.
  • The democratization of politics.
  • The West and the American character.
the founders system for bringing the west into the us
The Founders’ System for Bringing the West into the US.
  • The West question: Colonies or states?
  • Two key legislative acts.
    • Land Ordinance of 1785.
key elements of land policy
Key Elements of Land Policy
  • Systematic survey of land with divisions down to one square mile (640 acres).
  • National government owned the land originally and quickly moved it into the hands of small farmers.
the founders system for bringing the west into the us1
The Founders’ System for Bringing the West into the US.
  • The West question: Colonies or states?
  • Two key legislative acts.
    • Land Ordinance of 1785.
    • Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
  • Crucial decision: Make western regions equal states.
video claiming land in the west
Video: Claiming Land in the West
  • Lots of land available for settlement.
  • Lots of people willing to settle it.
  • We see the American passion for owning land.
consequences of cheap land
Consequences of cheap land
  • Geographic Mobility.
  • Economic Mobility.
  • A common democracy.
iclicker1
iClicker

Which of the following is more indicative of the Founders era of politics than of the Jacksonian era?

A. Political parties communicate with constituents daily through common means, such as newspapers.

B. Candidates nominated through a convention.

C. The elites are the majority of the political participants.

D. Party loyalists hand out favors in exchange for individual votes.

the democratization of politics
The Democratization of Politics
  • The common man and politics.
    • Andrew Jackson: first President from the West.
  • Key changes in party politics.
  • Pros and cons of the new politics.
    • Cons: Increasing incompetence, spoils system, political machines, slavish submission to public opinion.
    • Pros: common people injected strong moral sense into politics, expansion of consent.