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Japan’s Rise to Power. China and Japan Notes Day 1. Some Key Questions. What are the benefits/detriments to modernization? How does technology influence society, war, etc.? What is the best type of life?. The Story Begins with the Tokugawa Shoguns…. The Leadership

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japan s rise to power

Japan’s Rise to Power

China and Japan Notes Day 1

some key questions
Some Key Questions
  • What are the benefits/detriments to modernization?
  • How does technology influence society, war, etc.?
  • What is the best type of life?
the story begins with the tokugawa shoguns
The Story Begins with the Tokugawa Shoguns…
  • The Leadership
    • The tradition of Japan for centuries.
    • Controlled by the daimyo, or samurai lords, who watched over and protected the people.
    • Japan was mostly free of foreign influence for hundreds of years.
    • An isolated nation.
  • Daily Life
    • Strong social classes in Japan, led by the daimyo and samurai warriors.
    • Everyone else from farmers on down to traders paid strict taxes to the higher classes.
    • Tokugawa daimyo strictly controlled government and trade, leading to very uneven social classes.
the meiji restoration
The Meiji Restoration
  • In 1868 a group of samurai leaders became worried after the visit of American Matthew Perry, an American, to Japan.
  • Japan was clearly behind the rest of the world in terms of technology and influence.
  • A number of leaders rose up to change the entire structure of the government.
  • This change is called the Meiji Restoration.
    • Meiji meant “enlightened rule,” which indicated the revolutionaries wanted smarter leadership in the nation.
meiji restoration changes
Meiji Restoration Changes

1. Supporters of the Meiji wanted a strong government like those in the West.

  • Began making changes to Japanese society.
    • Weapons like the machine gun.
    • Increase Trade with western societies.
    • First hints of imperialism to nations bordering Japan.
meiji restoration changes continued
Meiji Restoration Changes (Continued)

2. No more social classes.

  • People may do whatever they want with their lives.

3. Government reflects western society.

  • Ex.) the Diet is a national assembly of elected officials, much like Congress in the U.S.

4. Rapid Industrialization begins to take place.

  • No longer a society based on agriculture.
industrialization in japan
Industrialization in Japan
  • By 1900 Japan is the first country in Asia to industrialize, or develop from an agriculture based society to one with machinery.
    • People are encouraged to start businesses
    • Railroads and telephones link the nation for the first time.
  • Japan is essentially the only modernized nation in Asia at the time.
sino japanese war
Sino-Japanese War
  • Japan begins practicing imperialism – when one country controls another, less powerful country.
    • The Japanese fight with the Chinese in the Sino-Japanese War over control of Korea in 1894 and again in 1937.
      • Japan defeats China with a more modern army.
      • Japan now is able to trade in China and is the dominant force in Asia.
  • In a matter of a few decades Japan is now a major world power!