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Nuclear Science in Latin-America. Alinka Lépine-Szily Co-Chair of ALAFNA. Annual General Meeting of the IUPAP Working Group WG., Frascati, Italy on June 1, 2013. ALAFNA The “Association of Latin American Nuclear Physics and

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Nuclear Science in Latin-America

Alinka Lépine-Szily

Co-Chair of ALAFNA

Annual General Meeting of the IUPAP Working Group WG.,

Frascati, Italy on June 1, 2013



The “Association of Latin American Nuclear Physics and

Applications” (ALANPA) was formed in Santiago, Chile on Dec. 19, 2009, by representatives of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela.

In Spanish is called “Asociación Latino Americana de Física Nuclear y Aplicaciones” ALAFNA

In Portuguese is called “Associação Latino Americana de Física Nuclear e Aplicações” ALAFNA

Chairs of ALAFNA: Andrés Kreiner (Argentina)

Alinka Lépine-Szily (Brazil)


Steering Committee (SC) of ALAFNA is formed by the 15 original founders:

Ricardo Alarcon (Arizona State Univ., USA)

Hugo Arellano (U. of Chile, Chile)

Haydn Barros (U.Simon Bolivar, Venezuela)

Maria Ester Brandan (UNAM, Mexico)

Roelof Bijker (UNAM, Mexico)

Laszlo Sajo Bohus (U.Simon Bolivar, Venezuela)

Fernando Cristancho (UNal, Colombia)

Paulo Gomes (U. Fed. Fluminense, Brazil)

Carlos Granja(Inst.Exp.Appl.Phys. Czech Tech.U. Czech Rep.)

Andrés Kreiner (Tandar, CNEA, Argentina)

Alinka Lépine-Szily (USP, Brazil)

Rubens Lichtenthäler (USP, Brazil)

Modesto Montoya (Inst. Per. Em. Nucl., Peru)

Roberto Morales (U. of Chile, Chile)

Alberto Pacheco (Tandar, CNEA, Argentina)


Objectives of ALAFNA

To strengthen ties among the Latin American Communities doing nuclear research and applications to foster collaborations and promotion of activities,

To educate the scientific community and the general public through the promotion of nuclear physics and the peaceful uses of nuclear technology,

To do periodic overall assessments of nuclear science in Latin America in the context of world wide activities, and

To discuss at a multi-national level future planning of nuclear science activities in Latin America


Role of the Steering Committee:

-establishment of ALAFNA governance rules

-divulgation of ALAFNA in the scientific community

-divulgation of ALAFNA within governments of Latin America with interest in nuclear science and applications


Latin American Symposia on Nuclear Physics and

  • Applications
  • Caracas, Venezuela
  • Caracas, Venezuela
  • San Andrés, Colombia
  • Ciudad de México, México
  • 2003 Santos, Brazil
  • Iguazu, Argentina
  • Cuzco, Peru
  • Santiago, Chile
  • Quito, Ecuador
  • Montevideo, Uruguay
  • Scope: the dissemination of the major theoretical and experimental advances in the field of nuclear science and its applications.
  • .

International Program Advisory Committee

R. Alarcon, Arizona State University

H. Arellano, Universidad de Chile, Santiago

E. Ayala, Escuela Politécnica Nacional, Quito

F. Ballester, Universitat de València

R. Bijker, UNAM, Mexico

M.E. Brandan, UNAM, Mexico

W. Brooks, Universidad F. Santa. Maria, Valparaiso

L.F. Canto, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

O. Civitarese, Universidad de La Plata

Ph. Cole, Idaho State University

F. Cristancho, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá

C.E. de Almeida, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

O. Dias Goncalves, Univversidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Ch. Djalali, University of South Carolina

J. Goity, Hampton University

P. Gomes, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro

J. Gomez, Jefferson Laboratory, Virginia

C. Granja, Czech Technical University, Prague

R. Jeraj, University of Wisconsin

T. Kodama, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

A.J. Kreiner, CNEA and Universidad San Martin, Argentina

S. Kodlulovich, CNEN, Brazil

S. Lenzi, INFN and Università degli Studi di Padova

F. Marti, Michigan State University

N. Medina, Univesridade de São Paulo

A. Lepine-Szily, Universidade de São Paulo

J. Lopez, University of Texas, El Paso

A. Pacheco, CNEA, Argentina

M. Pfutzner, Warsaw University

B. Rubio, CSIC and Universitat de València

L. Sajo Bohus, Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas

P. Senger, GSI and University of Frankfurt

H. Schatz, Michigan State University

N. Scoccola, CNEA and Universidad Favaloro, Argentina

E. Smith, Jefferson Laboratory, Virginia

O. Sorlin, GANIL, Caen

G. Viesti, Università degli Studi di Padova

Organizing Committee

Raúl Donangelo (co-chair), Universidad de la República, Montevideo

Gabriel González-Sprinberg (co-chair), Universidad de la República, Montevideo

Oscar Naviliat-Cuncic, Michigan State University, Michigan, USA

Carlos Salgado, Norfolk State University and JLab, Virginia, USA

Invited speakers

H. Asorey(*), Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Bariloche, Argentina

L. Barrón Palos, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico

M. Battaglieri, Università di Genova, Genoa, Italy

W. Brooks(*), Univ. Técnica F. Santa María, Valparaiso, Chile

J.C. Cornejo, College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, USA

C. Bertulani, Texas A&M University, Commerce, TX, USA

R. Edwards(*), Th. Jefferson Nat. Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA, USA

P. Figuera, Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, INFN, Catania, Italy

X. Fléchard, Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen, Caen, France

M. Gai, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

M.J. García Borge, CSIC, Madrid, Spain and ISOLDE/CERN, Geneva, Switzerland

G. Herrera Corral, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico City, Mexico

A. Hutton, Th. Jefferson Nat. Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA, USA

U. Koester(*), Institut Laue Langevin, Grenoble, France

S.E. Kuhn, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, USA

R. Lichtenthaler Filho, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

W. Lynch, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA

A.O. Macchiavelli, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA

N.H. Medina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

D. Melconian, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA

A. Menchaca Rocha, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico

F. Montes, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA

F. Nowacki, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, Strasbourg, France

J.R.B. Oliveira, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

A. Pacheco, Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica, Buenos Aires, Argentina

A. Poves(*), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

J. Randrup(*), Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA

B. Sherrill, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA

D. Rudolph, Lund University, Lund, Sweden

D.A. Torres Galindo, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia

(*) to be confirmed


VIII LASNPA, Santiago, Chile, December 15-19, 2009

29 Plenary talks, 97 parallel talks, 40 posters

170 participants


IX LASNPA Quito Ecuador, July 18-22, 2011, EPN

33 plenary speakers, 55 parallel talks, 33 posters

126 participants


XXXVI Reunião de Trabalho sobre Física Nuclear no


Annual Nuclear Physics Symposium in Brazil,

September 1-5, 2013

37 invited speakers , 136 participants registered



  • XXXV Simposio de Física Nuclear, 3-6/01/2012, Cocoyoc
  • Beauty in Physics: Theory and Experiment, 14-18/05/2012,
  • Cocoyoc
  • Estancias de Verano de la División de Física Nuclear, 2012
  • XXXVI Simposio de Física Nuclear, 7-10/01/2013, Cocoyoc
  • VIII Escuela Mexicana de Física Nuclear, 17-26/01/2013,
  • Mexico DF
  • Seminario Lunch Nuclear (first Friday of each month)


Ciência sem Fronteira -- Science without Border

Objectives are two-fold:

-To send undergraduate, graduate students

and young PhD in “hard sciences” from Brazil to abroad.

100.000 students in 4 years to spend 1 year abroad.

-To attract visiting scientists from abroad to spend

4-6 months in Brazil

Collaboration with many countries and universities


Latin American Program of Physics

Meeting of Latin American Physics Societies on Feb.

25-26, 2010, in Brasilia, Brazil.

A Memorandum of Understanding creates the Latin

American Program of Physics (Programa Latino Americano

de Fisica-PLAF).

The mission of PLAF is to contribute to the development

of Physics in all Latin American and Caribean countries.

Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e

Tecnológico – "National Counsel of Technological and

Scientific Development" (CNPq) Federal Funding agency in Brazil

Call for collaboration projects opened in February 22, 2013

until end of June 2013.


New Experimental Facilities:

AMS systems in Brazil and in Mexico


New 14C-AMS facility installed at Universidade Federal Fluminense,

Niteroi, Brazil . First in South America.



New accelerator, LEMA, is being built at IF-UNAM

Laboratorio de Espectroscopía de Masas con

Aceleradores (LEMA) , Instituto de Física,

UNAM (Efraín Chávez Lomelí, María Esther Ortiz Salazar

y Corina Solís Rosales)

Inauguración del Laboratorio de Núcleos Exóticos

del Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares de la UNAM,

marzo de 2012, Mexico DF.

Contacto: Elizabeth Padilla Rodal . Detector




Radioactive Ion Beams in Brazil (RIBRAS), first in Southern

Hemisphere, only in Latin America.

In-flight production of pure (99%) radioactive ion beams

using 2 superconducting solenoids + degrader. Connected to

8MV Pelletron Tandem. Beams of 6He,8Li,7Be,8B,10Be,17,18F

etc, energies close to Coulomb barrier.

Program: Fusion reactions, break-up reactions, transfer

reactions of astrophysical interest.

Applied Nuclear physics activity: Irradiation of electronic

Circuits to qualify for satelits. Medical physics.

Surface studies, Dating of archeological objects.

Strong theory groups in nuclear structure(3-body halo nuclei)

QGP, astroparticle physics.



20 MV Pelletron Tandem, stable beams, nuclear

Reaction studies, fusion, break-up reactions.

Strong activity in Medical Physics: construction of a

high intensity low-energy proton accelerator and a

SPECT tomograph for accelerator-based Boron

Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT).

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry



  • Nuclear structure (symmetries, cluster models,
  • nuclear masses, double b decay) T
  • Hadronic physics (LE QCD, quark models) T
  • Cosmic rays (Pyramid of the Sun, HAWC) E
  • International collaborations: T, E
    • Auger (ICNUNAM)
    • RIB ORNL, Notre Dame (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM)
  • Medical physics (IFUNAM, ICNUNAM, School of Medicine
  • UNAM, UAZ) E
  • Radiationphysics E
    • RBS, PIXE, othertechniques


  • Applications only
  • - Promotion of the Latin American Environmental Radiation
  • Network to draw a Regional Radiological Map.
  • New equipment for multiphase fluid monitoring in
  • oilfield exploitation.
  • - Geochronology (IAEA project VEN/2012
  • - Radiobiology


Universidad Tecnica Federico Santa Maria – Valparaiso

Theory: study of the origin of the proton spin. Neutrino physics.

Analytical calculation of Feynman diagrams.

Experimental: Activity at Jefferson Laboratory USA.

Santiago : Applications

Colombia, Peru, Cuba: Applications


Latin American countries with activity in CERN


Number of CERN users

18 (January 2011)

Participation in CERN Experiments; ATLAS


Number of CERN users

93 (January 2012)

Participation in CERN Experiments: ALICE,ATLAS,CMS,LHCb,ALPHA


Number of CERN users

43 (January 2012)

Participation in CERN Experiments: ALICE,CMS,Na62

Chile(4), Colombia(10), Cuba (4), Peru(2), mainly ALICE


Situation of Nuclear Physics in Latin-America

  • Mostly applied nuclear physics and theory.
  • Two accelerators dedicated to fundamental Nuclear Physics:
  • Pelletron tandem of 8MV- Sao Paulo, BrazilRIBRAS: first radioactive ion beam facility in Southern Hemisphere
  • Pelletron tandem 20MV-Tandar in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Fundings:
  • Brazil: ~2.5 M$/year for Nuclear Physics,(include grants, student fellowships, does not include salaries, which are paid by Universities and Institutes)Science without Frontiers: 100.000 students in 4 years sent for 1 year abroad.
  • Other Latin American countries: lower fundings
  • Support from other nuclear physics communities is welcome!