Intro and overview to Feminist perspectives on Education. (Liberal,Radical, Socialist, Conservative, Post modern/structuralist) Feminist Party Political Manifesto Group Activity: Create a party political manifesto! Coffee Break Summary of criticisms of Feminist Theories to Education (Whiteboard open q and a with min map) Essay Prep: Outline differences and similarities with Marxist and Functionalist views of education Feminist theories of education
Commitment to equal opportunities policies and equality for men and women through the existing legal and political system. (not through radical change)* Sex Discrimination Act (1975) –Men and women entitled to same treatment in public life & education Banned sex discrimination in education and at work As a movement, in politics and legal reform: gathered momentum in the seventies (series of reforms in law, abortion act, equal pay act) Argued to be most effective movement in enforcing change for women Liberal Feminist
Patriarchy is the issue (not lack of equal opportunities)* Gender bias in education against women needs to be addressed in the form of subject curriculum, teaching and organisation Dale Spender (Invisible Women, the Schooling Scandel, 1982) Looked at cultural reproduction of patriarchy . Founds patriarchal assumptions in both the formal and hidden curriculum Teachers teach or treat males and females differently Boys given more attention Radical feminist advocate raising girls awareness of patriarchy & building confidence in schools and at work through discussion and support groups . Spender has suggested that all female classes or sex schools can be beneficial to girls as it removes the negative influence of boys. Radical feminist
Gender Inequality linked to social class. For women to be equal with men, social class inequality must be tackled. (distribution of wealth) Education system reproduces gender inequalities to suit capitalism Christine Griffin (Working Class girls get Working Class jobs) Male Working class norms and female, working class norms supported by education system. (higher toelrance of aggression from boys) Suggestions include: Building childrens awareness of class difference with anti sexist approaches into the curriculum (See table 4.6, O Donnell) Socialist feminist
Conservative Government in 1980’s introduced national curriculum * It meant that boys and girls had to take various subjects (science, foreign language) until aged 16. Intention was to standardise and control education for the economy, not allign gender inequalities! Conservatives attack radical approaches of other Feminists: argue there should be no tokenism* or difference in education (ie: incentives for girls) . Girls should be encouraged to work on own merits. Margaret Thatcher, Anne Widdecombetook this approach. Conservative Feminist
Gaby Weiner (1994) Accepts Feminism is now moving towards a mixture of ideological approaches Sees this happening through: Challenging Idea that history and development is ‘man made’Adopting Feminist approaches to teaching Encouraging Feminists to work in education and integrating parents of children or colleagues Post Modern Feminist (Post Structuralist)
In groups (or individually). Select one of the Feminist Approaches. Design a party political manifesto (booklet or poster) that details your approach, ideas and what policies you will put in place if elected! Remember you have to defend your policies and ideas to voters during your broadcast! Feminist Party Political Manifesto and Broadcast!
1. List and define all key terms we have discussed today ( patriarchy, equal opportunities, gender, cultural reproduction, social class) In pairs or small groups: Create a chart or mind map that shows similarities and differences between Feminist Theories and Marxist and Functionalist theories of education Homework: Using the internet news web sites, find at least 1 article from the news that you feel is evidence for or against each perspective (Marxist, Feminist, Functionalist). Essay Prep! ….feminist approaches