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Random walks, eigenvectors, and their applications to Information Retrieval, Natural Language Processing, and Machine Learning. Dragomir R. Radev University of Michigan firstname.lastname@example.org Guest lecture in SI 614 March 7, 2006. INTRODUCTION. Social networks. Induced by a relation
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Dragomir R. Radev
University of Michigan
Guest lecture in SI 614
March 7, 2006
This graph E has a second graph E’(not drawn) superimposed on it:E’ is the uniform transition graph.
where v (eigenvector)is non-zero, though λ (eigenvalue) can be any complex number in principle
p(0) = u; (or p(0) = [1,0,…0])
p(i) = ETp(i-1)
L = ||p(i)-p(i-1)||1;
i = i + 1;
Solution for thestationary distribution
Erkan and Radev 2004
(DUC cluster d1003t)
1 (d1s1) Iraqi Vice President Taha Yassin Ramadan announced today, Sunday, that Iraq refuses to back down from its decision to stop cooperating with disarmament inspectors before its demands are met.
2 (d2s1) Iraqi Vice president Taha Yassin Ramadan announced today, Thursday, that Iraq rejects cooperating with the United Nations except on the issue of lifting the blockade imposed upon it since the year 1990.
3 (d2s2) Ramadan told reporters in Baghdad that "Iraq cannot deal positively with whoever represents the Security Council unless there was a clear stance on the issue of lifting the blockade off of it.
4 (d2s3) Baghdad had decided late last October to completely cease cooperating with the inspectors of the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM), in charge of disarming Iraq's weapons, and whose work became very limited since the fifth of August, and announced it will not resume its cooperation with the Commission even if it were subjected to a military operation.
5 (d3s1) The Russian Foreign Minister, Igor Ivanov, warned today, Wednesday against using force against Iraq, which will destroy, according to him, seven years of difficult diplomatic work and will complicate the regional situation in the area.
6 (d3s2) Ivanov contended that carrying out air strikes against Iraq, who refuses to cooperate with the United Nations inspectors, ``will end the tremendous work achieved by the international group during the past seven years and will complicate the situation in the region.''
7 (d3s3) Nevertheless, Ivanov stressed that Baghdad must resume working with the Special Commission in charge of disarming the Iraqi weapons of mass destruction (UNSCOM).
8 (d4s1) The Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General in Baghdad, Prakash Shah, announced today, Wednesday, after meeting with the Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Tariq Aziz, that Iraq refuses to back down from its decision to cut off cooperation with the disarmament inspectors.
9 (d5s1) British Prime Minister Tony Blair said today, Sunday, that the crisis between the international community and Iraq ``did not end'' and that Britain is still ``ready, prepared, and able to strike Iraq.''
10 (d5s2) In a gathering with the press held at the Prime Minister's office, Blair contended that the crisis with Iraq ``will not end until Iraq has absolutely and unconditionally respected its commitments'' towards the United Nations.
11 (d5s3) A spokesman for Tony Blair had indicated that the British Prime Minister gave permission to British Air Force Tornado planes stationed in Kuwait to join the aerial bombardment against Iraq.
Otterbacher, Erkan and Radev 2005
A small plane has hit a skyscraper in central Milan, setting the top floors of the 30-story building on fire, an Italian journalist told CNN. The crash by the Piper tourist plane into the 26th floor occurred at 5:50 p.m. (1450 GMT) on Thursday, said journalist Desideria Cavina. The building houses government offices and is next to the city's central train station. Several storeys of the building were engulfed in fire, she said. Italian TV says the crash put a hole in the 25th floor of the Pirelli building, and that smoke is pouring from the opening. Police and ambulances are at the scene. Many people were on the streets as they left work for the evening at the time of the crash. Police were trying to keep people away, and many ambulances were on the scene. There is no word yet on casualties.
A small plane has hit a skyscraper in central Milan, setting the top floors of the 30-story building on fire, an Italian journalist told CNN. The crash by the Piper tourist plane into the 26th floor occurred at 5:50 p.m. (1450 GMT) on Thursday, said journalist Desideria Cavina. The building houses government offices and is next to the city's central train station. Several storeys of the building were engulfed in fire, she said. Italian TV showed a hole in the side of the Pirelli building with smoke pouring from the opening. RAI state TV reported that the plane had apparently radioed an SOS because of engine trouble. Earlier though, in Rome, the senate's president, Marcello Pera, said it "very probably" appeared to be a terrorist attack. Police and ambulances are at the scene. Many people were on the streets as they left work for the evening at the time of the crash. Police were trying to keep people away, and many ambulances were on the scene. There is no word yet on casualties. TV pictures from the scene evoked horrific memories of the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center in New York and the collapse of the building's twin towers. "I heard a strange bang so I went to the window and outside I saw the windows of the Pirelli building blown out and then I saw smoke coming from them," said Gianluca Liberto, an engineer who was working in the area told Reuters. The building is known as the Pirelli skyscraper but the Italian tyre and cable company does not operate out of the building. It is one of the symbols of Italy's financial capital and is one of the world's tallest concrete buildings, designed between 1955 and 1960.
A small plane crashed into a skyscraper in downtown Milan today, setting several floors of the 30-story building on fire. The plane crashed into the 25th floor of the Pirelli building in downtown Milan. The weather was clear at the time of the crash. Smoke poured from the opening as police and ambulances rushed to the area. The president of the Italian Senate, Marcello Pera, told Italian television it "very probably" appeared to be a terrorist attack but soon afterwards his spokesman said it was probably an accident. A transport official told Reuters the plane had reported problems with its undercarriage and was circling the city ahead of trying to land at a local airport. The Pirelli building houses the administrative offices of the local Lombardy region and sits next to the city's central train station. It is constructed of concrete and glass. The crash happened just before rush hour, as office workers were closing their day.
A small airplane crashed into a government building in heart of Milan, setting the top floors on fire, Italian police reported. There were no immediate reports on casualties as rescue workers attempted to clear the area in the city’s financial district. Few details of the crash were available, but news reports about it immediately set off fears that it might be a terrorist act akin to the Sept. 11 attacks in the United States. Those fears sent U.S. stocks tumbling to session lows in late morning trading. Witnesses reported hearing a loud explosion from the 30-story office building, which houses the administrative off ices of the local Lombardy region and sits next to the city s central train station. Italian state television said the crash put a hole in the 25th floor of the Pirelli building. News reports said smoke poured from the opening. Police and ambulances rushed to the building in downtown Milan. No further details were immediately available.
Un aereo da turismo, un Piper si è schiantato questo pomeriggio a Milano, poco prima delle 18, contro il grattacielo Pirelli, sede anche della Regione Lombardia (il presidente della Regione, Roberto Formigoni, è in missione ufficiale in India con una delegazione della regione). Lo si è appreso in ambienti investigativi. L' impatto sarebbe avvenuto attorno al 25/o piano dei 30 del grattacielo. Almeno sei piani alla vista risultano sventrati. I detriti sono stati lanciati dal'esplosione a una quarantina di metri intorno all'edificio. In tutta l'area attorno al grattacielo Pirelli lecomunicazioni telefoniche anche via cellulare sono interrotte o quasi impossibili. La Borsa ha sospeso la seduta serale a Piazza Affari dopo lo schianto dell'aereo da turismo, anche il presidente Bush è stato subito avvertito dell'espolosione al Pirellone.«Con molta probabilità si tratta di un attentato». Lo ha detto Marcello Pera aprendo la seduta a Palazzo Madama. Ma secondo quanto si è appreso, l'aereo da turismo era probabilmente in avaria: il pilota, infatti, avrebbe lanciato l'SOS, raccolto dalla torre di controllo di Linate.
CNN 4/18/02 12:22pm; CNN 4/18/02 12:32pm; ABCNews 4/18/02 1:00pm;
MSNBC 4/18/02 1:00pm; La Stampa 4/18/02 12:45pm
1. How many people were injured?
2. How many people were killed? (age, number, gender, description)
3. Was the pilot killed?
4. Where was the plane coming from?
5. Was it an accident (technical problem, illness, terrorist act)?
6. Who was the pilot? (age, number, gender, description)
7. When did the plane crash?
8. How tall is the Pirelli building?
9. Who was on the plane with the pilot?
10. Did the plane catch fire before hitting the building?
11. What was the weather like at the time of the crash?
12. When was the building built?
13. What direction was the plane flying?
14. How many people work in the building?
15. How many people were in the building at the time of the crash?
16. How many people were taken to the hospital?
17. What kind of aircraft was used?
Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) and CK1 (casein kinase 1) alpha phosphorylate Arm (Armadillo, -catenin) andcause it to degrade.
Axin also binds to the phosphatase PP2A
PP2A activity inhibits Wnt signalingProtein Regulatory Network Recognition
Hsu 1999, Li 2001, Yanagawa 2002, Liu2002, Nusse 2003
Pierre Vinken , 61 years old , will join the board as a nonexecutive director Nov. 29. Mr. Vinken is chairman of Elsevier N.V. , the Dutch publishing group. Rudolph Agnew , 55 years old and former chairman of Consolidated Gold Fields PLC , was named a nonexecutive director of this British industrial conglomerate.
A form of asbestos once used to make Kent cigarette filters has caused a high percentage of cancer deaths among a group of workers exposed to it more than 30 years ago , researchers reported . The asbestos fiber , crocidolite , is unusually resilient once it enters the lungs , with even brief exposures to it causing symptoms that show up decades later , researchers said . Lorillard Inc. , the unit of New York-based Loews Corp. that makes Kent cigarettes , stopped using crocidolite in its Micronite cigarette filters in 1956 . Although preliminary findings were reported more than a year ago , the latest results appear in today 's New England Journal of Medicine , a forum likely to bring new attention to the problem .
V x02_join x01_board x0_as x11_director
N x02_is x01_chairman x0_of x11_entitynam
N x02_name x01_director x0_of x11_conglomer
N x02_caus x01_percentag x0_of x11_death
V x02_us x01_crocidolit x0_in x11_filter
V x02_bring x01_attent x0_to x11_problem
reported earnings for quarter
reported loss for quarter
posted loss for quarter
posted loss of quarter
posted loss of million
reported earnings for quarter
posted earnings for quarter
posted loss of million
d1s1 0.6007 0.6944 1.0000 0.7209
d2s1 0.8466 0.7317 1.0000 0.7249
d2s2 0.3491 0.6773 1.0000 0.1356
d2s3 0.7520 0.6550 1.0000 0.5694
d3s1 0.5907 0.4344 1.0000 0.6331
d3s2 0.7993 0.8718 1.0000 0.7972
d3s3 0.3548 0.4993 1.0000 0.3328
d4s1 1.0000 1.0000 1.0000 0.9414
d5s1 0.5921 0.7399 1.0000 0.9580
d5s2 0.6910 0.6967 1.0000 1.0000
d5s3 0.5921 0.4501 1.0000 0.7902Cosine centrality vs. centroid centrality
Centroid: C0.5, C10, C1.5, C1, C2.5, C2
Degree: D0.5T0.1, D0.5T0.2, D0.5T0.3, D1.5T0.1, D1.5T0.2, D1.5T0.3, D1T0.1, D1T0.2, D1T0.3
LexRank: Lr0.5T0.1, Lr0.5T0.2, Lr0.5t0.3, Lr1.5t0.1, Lr1.5t0.2, Lr1.5t0.3, Lr1T0.1, Lr1T0.2, Lr1T0.3
20801 training, 3097 test, 66 different prepositions