American Studies 1 st Semester review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. American Studies 1st Semester review

  2. Term coined by Mark Twain to describe the time period following the Civil War? (literally means covered in a thin layer of gold)

  3. Congressional legislation that allowed settlers to purchase cheap western lands?

  4. 2 Transcontinental Railroads?

  5. When a single company dominates an industry and is able to set prices?

  6. Business combination where a company purchases all of the stages of production?

  7. Company synonymous with vertical integration?

  8. Company synonymous with horizontal integration?

  9. Belief that the government should leave the economy alone so that business can perform at a high level? (Oui! Oui!)

  10. Method used to remove impurities in steel---sped up production and decreased costs?

  11. 3 characteristics of labor conditions in the last half of the 19th Century?

  12. Union that included skilled and unskilled workers as well as women and minorities?

  13. 2 characteristics of the American Federation of Labor?

  14. Philosophy used by industrialists justifying their wealth and the poor working conditions/wages for their workers? (Carnegie was a believer!)

  15. Thesis of the Gospel of Wealth?

  16. City organization that assisted immigrants and used graft to dominate local politics?

  17. Infamous New York City political machine?

  18. Cartoonist? • Topic?

  19. Large unsanitary housing complex that was home to immigrant families?

  20. 2 inventions of the Gilded Age?

  21. Congressional legislation that pushed for assimilation of the Native American tribes?

  22. Legislation that prohibited a certain Asian population from immigrating to the United States?

  23. Legislation passed following assassination of President Garfield creating a professional government bureaucracy?

  24. Group of immigrants that came from northern Europe? Generally accepted into American society because of language, religion, customs.

  25. Group of immigrants that came from southern and eastern Europe? Generally had a difficult time adjusting to American society because of language, religion, customs.

  26. Immigration motivations like religious persecution, mandatory military service, and economic hardship?

  27. Location in large cities where immigrants received education, assistance with childcare, and English language training?

  28. Founder of Hull House in Chicago?

  29. Famous writer who said that Americans were tough because of their frontier experiences?

  30. Outcome of the Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson?

  31. 2 famous advocates for early civil rights?

  32. 3 demands of the Populists?

  33. Alfred Mahan’s thesis?

  34. Biased journalism used by Hearst and Pulitzer to advocate for war with Spain?

  35. Legislation that stated the US would not annex Cuba after the Spanish-American War?

  36. Cuban constitutional article that allowed for the US to assist in Cuba as needed and gave the US access to Guantanamo?

  37. Statement by the US stating that western powers needed to respect the rights of Chinese and allow for free trade within China?

  38. TR’s addition to the Monroe Doctrine that stated the US would intervene in Latin America to prevent Europe from colonizing?

  39. 2 examples of TR’s Big Stick policy?

  40. Outcomes of the Gentlemen’s Agreement?

  41. 2 famous muckrakers?

  42. TR plan to assist the average American?

  43. Outcome of the Northern Securities case?

  44. Act promoted by TR that called for accurate labeling of pharmaceuticals?

  45. Act promoted by TR that called for a rating system for meats?

  46. TR’s successor?

  47. Outcome of the election of 1912?

  48. 2 notable Wilson Progressive achievements?

  49. Outcome of the 19th Amendment?

  50. Outcome of the 18th Amendment?