self employment between two worlds migrants economic transnationalism n.
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Self-employment between two worlds. Migrants’ economic transnationalism. Maurizio Ambrosini, University of Milano. Economic transnationalism. A form of “ globalization from below ”? A new phenomenon ? The antecedents : diasporas and middleman minorities

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self employment between two worlds migrants economic transnationalism

Self-employment between two worlds. Migrants’ economic transnationalism

Maurizio Ambrosini,

Universityof Milano

economic transnationalism
Economictransnationalism
  • A formof “globalizationfrombelow”?
  • A newphenomenon?
  • The antecedents: diasporas and middlemanminorities
  • The background: self-employmentofmigrantsasanemerging trend in alldevelopedcountries
  • Diversification and stratificationofmigrants’ activities
a t ypology of different forms of transnational economic activities
A typology of different forms of transnational economic activities
  • Circulatory transnationalism
  • Connective transnationalism
  • Commercial transnationalism
  • Symbolic transnationalism
  • an intensity scale of the involvement in transnational activities and links: from circulatory transnationalismto symbolic transnationalism
a case of circulatory transnationalism couriers along east routes
A case of circulatory transnationalism: couriers along East routes
  • An ethnographicstudy in Milano (station ofCascina Gobba)
  • The clients: transnationalfamilies and mothering at a distance
  • The objects: the giftssymbolizing the absent: help, functional, showymeaning
  • The economic side: smallisefficient
  • Notonlyinformality: differentlevelsoforganizationof the activity in differentnationalgroups
  • The creationof a weekly market
between commercial and symbolic transnationalism ethnic shops and activities in milan and genoa
Between commercial and symbolictransnationalism: “ethnic” shops and activities in Milan and Genoa
  • analysis of 52 cases, 32 in Genoa and 20 in Milan
  • The difficulty to separate traded goods from their symbolic content
  • The clients: natives and migrants
  • The stratification: from informal (and also illegal) activities, to luxury goods for elite clients
  • The complex trips of the traded goods
  • The local context matters: differences between Milan and Genoa
a case of contrasted trasnationalism
A case ofcontrastedtrasnationalism
  • Phonecentersrapidlygrew and the declined in Italiantowns, aboveall in ethnicdistricts
  • Theyhavebecome the objectofstrictregulations (regionallaw in Lombardy, localrules in Turin) and inspections
  • Fearsofcoveringterrorism, launderingmoney, or simplydisturbing the natives: gatheringofstrangersaround the shops, also in the evening
conclusion the ants of globalization
Conclusion: the ants of globalization
  • a privileged viewpoint in order to observe a world on the move: the actors of the space-time compression
  • The mobility of people, the mobility of imagination
  • A wide range of actors and activities
  • A contribution to make more clear the meaning of “transnationalism”