But we’ve always been here! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. But we’ve always been here! Male Same-sex Practice in African Communities Paul Clift Caldecot Centre, King’s College Hospital

  2. Proportion of Black Africans accessing HIV care by route of infection, UK: 2007 (HPA)

  3. Caldecot Centre 2009African Men

  4. “If we don’t know and understand and celebrate our history, who’s going to?” Peter Tatchell, 30th June 2009 “We don’t have homosexuals in Uganda” President Museveni, 1999

  5. Africa 1878

  6. Historical Evidence 1 • Europe – strong historical evidence of MSM/Gay subculture • Africa – less ‘hard’ evidence • Relative lack of documentation • Most ‘evidence’ from Western sources • Colonial impact • Colonial legacies – laws and religion

  7. Historical Evidence 2 • South-west/Central Africa – Angola, Congo • Central Africa - Azande warriors • South Africa - Nongolozi • Kingdom of Buganda

  8. KabakaMwanga

  9. SA – MSM Social Gendering Adapted from ‘Levels of Empowerment among LGBT People in Gauteng, South Africa’ 2004

  10. Uganda Daily Monitor 2nd July 2009 • The Minister of Ethics and Integrity, Dr NsabaButuro: “I have been pressured by some donors to allow homosexuality, but I have told them they can keep their money and the homosexuality because it is not about charity at the expense of our moral destruction”

  11. Do we ask male patients if they are gay/het/bi - or ask if they have sex with : Men only or Women only or Men and women ‘global northern’ desire to enquire within western constructs

  12. Off The Map – how HIV/AIDS programming is failing same-sex practicing people in Africa. Cary Alan Johnson, 2007 www.iglhrc.org From Social Silence to Social Science www.hsrcpress.ac.za Murray & Roscoe (eds) Boy-wives and Female Husbands 1994 http://semgai.free.fr/doc_et_pdf/africa_A4.pdf (concise summary of Boy-wives…)

  13. Paul Clift Paul.Clift@kch.nhs.uk