Standard # 3: • Students will describe how social, economic and religious tensions divided the US • Tradition v. Modernity • Rural v. Urban • Flappers vs. corsets • Religion vs. Science • Wet vs. Dry
Tradition vs. Modernity • Rural vs. Urban = underlying divide • Changes? • Attitudes / Beliefs about the other? Youth Culture Scopes Trial Prohibition
Tradition vs. Modernity: Youth Culture • Adult Perspective • Corsets and long hemlines • Youth behavior = immoral “wild ways” • Dating for marriage • Youth Perspective • Flappers – no corsets and short dresses • Adults are boring • Dating for fun • Cars / Media
Tradition vs Modernity: Religion • Urban values are immoral • Defending ‘all that is good’ • Look to Bible for answers • Creationism • Fundamentalism • Tried to ban evolution (TN) • Fear of eugenics • Science and Religion can’t coexist • Rural areas are behind • Beginning to reject traditional behaviors • Look to science for answers • Theory of Evolution • There is NO conflict between science and religion
Scopes Trial • Creationism (G-d) vs. Theory of Evolution (Darwin) • William J. Bryan vs. Clarence Darrow
Tradition vs. Modernity:Prohibition • Alcohol blamed for the rise in gambling, crime, domestic abuse, and general decline • Banning alcohol would create a healthy and happy society • Fed govt trying to act on moral issue? • Restricts freedom • Aimed at immigrants • Increases crime
Prohibition • Temperance Movement led to 18th Amendment • Volstead Act = prohibited the “manufacture, sale, transportation of alcohol” • Exceptions • Bathtub Gin / Moonshine • Speakeasies / bootlegging • NASCAR…
Effects • Did decrease overall drinking • Did increase illegal activity / crime
Why did Prohibition end? Why did Prohibition End?
The end of Prohibition: • Impossible to enforce • Associated with violence / gang activity • Great Depression • Tax revenue needed • Jobs in distilleries
1920’s Slang Scram! That moll is hotsey-totsy...she’s a Sheba... but carry a torch and her hard boiled will take you for a ride. He is a torpedo for the Big Cheese. Everything is Jake. Take my jalopy to the speakeasy and get some hooch!
1920’s Slang Translated Get out of here! That gangster's girl is hot… but get a crush on her and her tough boyfriend will kill you… he’s a hired gun for the big boss. It’s okay… take my car to the bar and have a drink.
Prohibition and the American Gangster = http://app.discoveryeducation.com/search?Ntt=prohibition