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Examination of the Mitigation Sections of the Initial Communications. The CGE Global Hands-on Training Workshop on Mitigation Assessments Seoul, Republic of Korea, 26–30 September 2005. Thematic Group on Mitigation Consultative Group of Experts (CGE). Background.

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examination of the mitigation sections of the initial communications
Examination of theMitigation Sections of the Initial Communications

The CGE Global Hands-on Training Workshop on Mitigation AssessmentsSeoul, Republic of Korea, 26–30 September 2005

Thematic Group on MitigationConsultative Group of Experts (CGE)

background
Background
  • Guidelines for the preparation of initial communications by parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex to decision 17/CP.8)
  • Reporting on climate change: User manual for the guidelines on national communications from Non-Annex I Parties
  • Decision 3/CP.8, Terms of Reference, paragraph 9
  • 31 NCs from NAI Parties were examined
summary of examination
Summary of examination
  • The scope, coverage and depth of reports vary significantly among Parties.
  • Information that many Parties elaborated well include:
    • Social and economic development framework for climate change mitigation
    • Identification of mitigation options related to the most important future sources and sinks sectors
    • Barriers and opportunities for implementation
    • Programs and measures implemented or planned that contribute to mitigate climate change
summary of examination1
Summary of examination
  • Information that many Parties didn’t elaborate well include:
    • Tools/models and methods used to assess mitigation, sectors analyzed, data and/or information gaps, and limitations of the technical resources
    • Integration of GHG reductions and costs across measures and sectors, through the construction of GHG mitigation marginal cost curves
    • Qualitative description of main macroeconomic impacts of national climate change mitigation strategies
    • Assessment of key macroeconomic parameters
mitigation assessment
Mitigation assessment
  • Most Parties provided general information on the social and economic development framework for CC mitigation
  • Several Parties showed the main national economic and social trends, including GHG emission outlook
    • Time horizon: 2010, 2020, 2030 or 2100(Kyrgyzstan)
    • Many Parties provided only historical trends
    • No GHG emission forecast by many Parties
technical resources for mitigation analysis
Technical resources for mitigation analysis
  • Major approach: bottom-up
    • Both B-U and T-D approaches by some Parties (India, Brazil)
  • Tools/models and methods
    • Major tools: LEAP and COMAP
    • MAKAL, EFOM, COPATH used by several Parties
    • Some Parties addressed the problem of lack of data
baseline mitigation scenarios and projections
Baseline, mitigation scenarios and projections
  • Major parts that most Parties had difficulties in elaborating the information
    • Identification and screening of mitigation options relative well elaborated by many Parties
    • Many Parties didn’t provide any results on assessment of reduction potential and cost of mitigation
    • No GHG mitigation marginal cost curve by integration of GHG reductions and costs across measures and sectors
      • Tanzania: MC curves for energy and forestry sectors for 2030
  • No macroeconomic assessment for mitigation options
barriers and opportunities for implementation
Barriers and opportunities for implementation
  • Most Parties elaborated challenges/limitations well and described needs of financial and technical supports, capacity building, etc.
implications and recommendations
Implications and Recommendations
  • Technical difficulties in analyzing mitigation potentials, costs and macroeconomic impacts
    • Technical support and capacity building for mitigation analysis needed for preparation of the informative second and where appropriate third NCs
    • Heavy data requirement
  • Standardization of time period for GHG emission projection and mitigation assessment
problems to solve further works by cge
Problems to solve & Further works by CGE
  • Completion of examination for all 42 NCs
  • Cross check of examination results by thematic group members
  • Scope of report
    • 10/CP.2: refers only to programs containing measures to address climate change
    • 17/CP.8 & User manual: not for the initial communication
    • Thematic group: 10/CP.2 including information which are not required by 10/CP.2, but provided.