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IMPROVING GOVERNANCE OF PROTECTED AREAS FOR CONSERVATION AND EQUITY Gonzalo Oviedo Senior Advisor on Social Policy IUCN Headquarters. Project Improving Natural Resource Governance for Rural Poverty Reduction. Project Improving Natural Resource Governance for Rural Poverty Reduction.
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IMPROVING GOVERNANCE OF PROTECTED AREAS FOR CONSERVATION AND EQUITYGonzalo OviedoSenior Advisor on Social PolicyIUCN Headquarters
Project Improving Natural Resource Governance for Rural Poverty Reduction
Project Improving Natural Resource Governance for Rural Poverty Reduction Improving governance related to natural resources that support local livelihoods Empowering civil society to better manage natural resources and influence decision-making Supporting local governance for greater community benefits and livelihood security
Why Governance of Protected Areas? • Countries of the world have committed to political systems that: • Increase and improve democracy • Respect human rights • Reduce or eradicate poverty • Increase equity and eliminate discrimination • Seek sustainability in development • Need to apply the same principles to PA
Why Governance of Protected Areas? • Governance over natural resources is important because it affects the achievement of management objectives (effectiveness), the sharing of costs and benefits (equity) and helps to ensure support (community, political and financial) for the sound management of natural resources • Decentralized PA governance can help ensure more effective and responsive management, • The rule of law is essential to protect natural resources. • Effective governance is vital to secure the poverty reduction potential of natural resources. • Effective governance helps reduce conflicts and Unsustainable use of natural resources.
Definition of Governance • For IUCN, governance of natural resources is the complex set of norms, institutions and processes that determine how power and responsibilities are exercised, how decisions are taken, and how citizens participate in the management of natural resources. • Governance is about who has power - influence and decision-making capacity; and how decision-makers are held accountable. • The interpretation of governance and of means to achieve good governance are very varied
What “good governance” means? • The debate about « good governance »: a model or comparable principles? • The agreedapproach: improvegovernancethroughimplementation of principles • Twokey aspects on PA: • Principles of good governance • Recognition of a diversity of institutionalmodels
How to use governanceprinciples? There is no dialogue. Stakeholders are not engaged or consulted. PA decisions are made top-down, There is discrimination and no consensus. There is significant dialogue. All stakeholders have a say. PA decisions are made collectively and based on consensus. There is no discrimination. Management & responsibility are centralised and ineffective Management & responsibility for PAs are decentralised, more effective and better able reflect local needs Costs & benefits not shared OR not shared equitably. Local communities are very poor and lack livelihood security Costs & benefits are shared equitably. Communities have improved, sustainable income opportunities and greater livelihood security.