Outcome 1 Revision. Chapters 1, 2, 3. Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology. Definition of Psychology . What is it?. Psychology is the study of mental processes and behaviours in humans. Distinction between psychology and psychiatry.
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Chapters 1, 2, 3
What can a psychiatrist do that a psychologists cant? How can the two work together??
Clinical- assessment, diagnosis, treatment of psychological problems.
Sports- mental factors that influence participation in sport.
Forensic- understand the functioning of the legal and criminal justice system.
What are they and what are some examples of each?
Overt Behaviours: behaviours that can be seen (talking, sleeping, running.)
Covert: internal behaviours that cannot be seen (emotions, thinking, remembering)
Two famous philosophers;
-it is personal
-it is constantly changing
-it is continuous
-it is selective
-it is active
Perspectives and Methods
Psychologists use the scientific method which is a controlled approach to planning, conducting and reporting research.
Refer to handout.....
The scientific method involves
In order for vision to occur 2 things need to happen:
Refer to text book and handout.
Pictorial Depth Cues
Name the depth cue...
Even though the size of the object changes on the retina it doesn’t mean that the actual size of the object changes.
The size of an image remains
the same and stable even
though the size on the
Even though the shape of the object changes on the retina, it doesn’t mean that the actual shape of the object is changing.
Perceiving an objects true orientation despite changes in the orientation of the object on the retina.
Eg: when you watch TV upside down you don’t believe that the world has turned upside down.
Both lines are of equal length.
It occurs because the eyes look at the wrong spot. They look at the ends rather then the lines.
explains visual perception in terms of the physical structures associated with vision. Does not intend to explain individual difference in perception.
Explains perception in terms of our mental processes to explain the workings of the mind and brain.
Describes visual perception with regards to the way we select, organise and interpret information. The also look at how we apply perceptual principles to see a whole/ complete image.
Explains visual perception according to what is observable. Does not consider mental processes as important when studying visual perception because they cannot be observed. Behaviourists look at methods that can be observed when trying to describe the workings of the mind and perception.
Describes visual perception in terms of how we are influences by society and out culture.
We form an expectation (perceptual set) to see the world in a particular way that is consistent with social and cultural beliefs.