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disunion. The Compromise California = free state Mexican Cession = Utah and New Mexico w/pop.sovereignty Texas western border and debts settled Slave trade ends in D.C. Fugitive Slave Act. Fugitive Slave Law. South’s part of Comp. of 1850 Aka. “Bloodhound Bill” and “Man Stealing Law”

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
The Compromise
  • California = free state
  • Mexican Cession = Utah and New Mexico w/pop.sovereignty
  • Texas western border and debts settled
  • Slave trade ends in D.C.
  • Fugitive Slave Act
fugitive slave law
Fugitive Slave Law
  • South’s part of Comp. of 1850
  • Aka. “Bloodhound Bill” and “Man Stealing Law”
  • Reaction…
    • Underground Railroad heats up
    • Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin
kansas nebraska act 1854
Kansas-Nebraska act 1854
  • Stephen Douglas is “the Little Giant”
  • Transcontinental RR
  • Gadsden Purchase
  • LA Territory=2 parts
  • Nebraska&Kansas
  • Popular sovereignty
  • Republican Party
bleeding kansas
Bleeding Kansas
  • 1860 census 2slaves/107,000 KN
  • 1855 Missouri Border Ruffians
  • Beecher’s Bibles
  • 2 governments
    • Topeka …anti-slavery
    • LeCompton … pro-slavery
  • Democrat party splits
slide8
1856 Lawrence Massacre
  • John Brown
  • Pottawatomie Creek
  • “bleeding Congress”
    • Charles Sumner’s “Crime Against Kansas” speech
    • Preston Brooks
1856 election
1856 election
  • Dems look for someone kansasless
  • James Buchanan #15
  • Vs. Republican (free soil not abolitionists) John Fremont
  • Vs. Know-Nothings’ Fillmore (WASPs)
dred scott v sanford
Dred Scott v Sanford
  • 1857
  • Since he was a slave … he was not a citizen … hence he could not file lawsuit
  • Slave is property (5th amend)
  • Congress could NOT outlaw slavery in a territory … only state legislature could all previous legislation…
lincoln douglas debates
Lincoln – Douglas Debates
  • 1858 Illinois US Senate election
  • Finally the issues debated
  • “House Divided Speech”
harpers ferry
Harpers Ferry
  • 1859
  • VA (now W.VA)
  • Federal arsenal
  • Disastrous failure
  • Trial= insanity? = guilty = hung = martyrdom
  • South appalled
1860 election
1860 Election
  • Dems split completely
  • John Breckinridge (KY) S
  • Stephen Douglas (IL) N
  • Republican Abe Lincoln
  • Constitutional Union Party John Bell (TN)
worst case scenerio
Worst Case Scenerio
  • Population the key
  • Perceptions vs. reality
  • SC’s “duty” call
  • Crittendon Compromise last chance
  • Secession begins, Dec. 20, 1860
  • Feb., ’61 Jeff Davis “President”