ISIC Rev.4 Section C Manufacturing UNSD. Major changes in ISIC Rev.4. New concepts e.g. “Information”, “Administrative and support activities” Regrouping / separation of important activities e.g. “Waste management”, support activities More detail At all levels. Continuity in ISIC Rev.4.
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ISIC Rev.4 Section C Manufacturing UNSD
Major changes in ISIC Rev.4 • New concepts • e.g. “Information”, “Administrative and support activities” • Regrouping / separation of important activities • e.g. “Waste management”, support activities • More detail • At all levels
Continuity in ISIC Rev.4 • Despite many changes, a lot of areas in ISIC have not changed • Manufacturing as a “historical” area remains relatively stable • Most application rules remain intact
Changes in detail Changes in ISIC Rev.4
Changes in detail for Manufacturing Changes in ISIC Rev.4
Changes to the scope of Manufacturing • Publishing is now part of the “Information” section • Activity is the mass distribution of information, not a physical transformation process • Separate transformation component (Printing) remains in manufacturing • “Recycling” is now part of “Waste treatment” (“Materials recovery”) • Process converts waste into other forms of waste • A manufacturing process cannot result in waste as the main output
Structural changes in ISIC Rev.4 • Structural changes take different forms: • Splitting of existing divisions, i.e. elevating of activities to a higher level • Separation of certain activities, i.e. recognition as separate activities • Complete reorganization of clusters of activities
Structural changes in ISIC Rev.4 • Splitting of existing divisions, i.e. elevating of activities to a higher level • Food and beverage manufacturing • Furniture manufacturing • Pharmaceuticals • These changes can be implemented through recoding
Structural changes in ISIC Rev.4 • Separation of certain activities, i.e. recognition as separate activities • Repair and maintenance and installation of machinery and equipment • Requires surveying to identify the units that specialize in repair and/or installation
Structural changes in ISIC Rev.4 • Complete reorganization of a cluster of activities • ISIC 3 Divisions 29-33 have been regrouped into ISIC 4 Divisions 26-28 • This a major change (but the only one).
Regrouping of machinery categories ISIC 3.1 29 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c. 30 Manufacture of office, accounting and computing machinery 31 Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus n.e.c. 32 Manufacture of radio, television and communication equipment and apparatus 33 Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks ISIC 4 26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products 27 Manufacture of electrical equipment 28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.
Division 26 • 261 Manufacture of electronic components and boards • 262 Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment • 263 Manufacture of communication equipment • 264 Manufacture of consumer electronics • 265 Manufacture of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment; watches and clocks • 2651 Manufacture of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment • 2652 Manufacture of watches and clocks • 266 Manufacture of irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment • 267 Manufacture of optical instruments and photographic equipment • 268 Manufacture of magnetic and optical media
Electronic vs. Electrical • ISIC Rev 4 includes sections that differentiate between electrical and electronic products – the products used in electricity distribution and heavy electrical applications (e.g., distribution transformers) and miniature versions used in electronics (e.g. transformers used in laptop computers)
Division 26 Computer and Electronic and Optical Product Manufacturing • Draws together the manufacture of electronic products such as semiconductors, integrated circuits, electronic capacitors, electronic resistors, printed circuit boards, electronic connectors, computers and computer peripherals, consumer electronic products, communications equipment, electronic instruments, high-tech medical equipment (such as x-ray, MRI, PET, CAT-Scan, etc.) and magnetic and optical media from throughout the manufacturing section of ISIC Rev 3.1 • Brought together because of similar production processes, keen interest in technology manufacturing (e.g., OECD definition of ICT Goods industries) and outdated classification practices in ISIC Rev.3.
Division 27 Manufacture of Electrical Equipment • Brings together a range of electrical equipment (and some nonelectric equipment) such as electric motors, electric generators, electrical distribution transformers and electrical distribution capacitors, batteries, electrical wiring devices, lighting equipment, domestic appliances, and other electrical equipment • Grouped separately from electronics because of different production processes and producers, similar production processes as a group, and the need to regroup remaining activities after creation of new division 26.
New Industries for ISIC Division 27 2730 Manufacture of wiring and wiring devices • Wide range of current carrying and non current carrying devices used in electric wiring systems (incl. class for fibre optic cables) • Created to follow production practices of units • Includes a variety of input materials (e.g., metal and plastic junction boxes) and products (e.g., light switches, outlets, junction boxes, conduit, etc.)
New Industries for Division 27(continued) 2790 Manufacture of other electrical equipment, n.e.c. • While there was a similar industry in ISIC Rev.3, this industry has a significantly different content • Includes parts from 8 ISIC Rev 3 industries • The old ISIC Rev.3 3190 is allocated to 9 ISIC Rev 4 industries (plus 2 for repair and maintenance) • As a residual category, this is normal behaviour
Division 28 Manufacture of machinery and equipment, n.e.c. • Draws together a significant portion of ISIC Rev 3.1 division 28 with some notable exceptions: • New class 2812 “Manufacture of fluid power equipment” • Fluid power systems • Hydraulic transmission equipment • Hydraulic and pneumatic components (including hydraulic pumps, motors; hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders, valves, hoses and fittings) • Split manufacture of weapons and ammunition into fabricated metal products (div. 25) and vehicles (div. 30)
Division 31 Manufacture of Furniture • ISIC Rev. 4 elevates the manufacture of furniture to a separate division • The manufacture of furniture is significant in many regions of the world • ISIC 4 includes only a single industry 3100 for furniture • Subdivisions have been discussed, but no agreement was reached on criteria, e.g. primary material, use or type of furniture • Countries may subdivide this further if a predominant split emerges based on national priorities
Division 32 Manufacturing n.e.c. • One major change to miscellaneous manufacturing is the exclusion of furniture as just discussed • Miscellaneous manufacturing is always going to be a mixture of activities and processes by default • Some new classes proposed with new grouping concepts • 3212 Manufacture of imitation jewellery and related articles • 3250 Manufacture of medical and dental instruments and supplies • Inclusion of protective safety equipment in class 3290 (Other manufacturing n.e.c)
Other notable proposals in manufacturing • 1075 Manufacture of prepared meals and dishes – for units that are manufacturing “TV dinners”, frozen entrees, frozen meals of meat, potatoes and vegetables, etc. (* accepted *) • 1076 Perishable prepared foods – for units that prepare and package fresh foods for sale at retail locations rather than for immediate consumption as would be the case for restaurants. Examples are sandwiches packaged and labeled for individual sale (including nutrition information, expiration date or other required information), prepared packaged salad greens or other fresh food products sold at convenience stores and similar locations. (* rejected *)
More notable changes in manufacturing • Treatment of activities related to radioactive metals and nuclear fuels • Previous class 2330 does no longer exist: • Mining of ores classified to mining (ISIC 0722) • Primary smelting or refining of radioactive metals in primary metals (ISIC 2420) • Enriching uranium, preparation of fuels, treatment and conversion of spent nuclear fuels in chemicals (ISIC 2011) • Radioactive in-vivo diagnostic substances are classified in pharmaceuticals (ISIC 2100) • Reasons: • Similarity with other processes • Lack of data for old ISIC 3 2330 (often confidential)