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DRUGS (Controlled Drugs): WHAT EVERY TEACHER SHOULD KNOW. Objectives: To identify the nature and extent of the drug situation in Grenada, with reference to students; To identify the prevalence of drug use among students;

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slide1

DRUGS

(Controlled Drugs):

WHAT EVERY

TEACHER

SHOULD KNOW

slide2

Objectives:

  • To identify the nature and extent of the drug situation in Grenada, with reference to students;
  • To identify the prevalence of drug use among students;
  • To identify strategies which teachers can use to prevent or reduce the use of drug among students.
slide3

There are at least seventeen pieces of

  • legislation in Grenada which deal with
  • various aspects of ‘drugs’.
  • The principal legislation for this presentation is the Drug Abuse (Prevention and Control) Act, 1992.
slide4

Definition of Terms:

Drug Abuse

(Prevention and Control) Act,

1992

slide5

Controlled Drug:

  • any narcotic drug for the time being listed in Part I of the First Schedule;
  • any psychotropic substance for the time being listed in Part II of the First Schedule;
  • any listed substance for the time being listed in Part III of the First Schedule.
slide6

School premises: any nursery school, primary or secondary school, technical institution, training centre, teachers’ college, community college, university or any other educational institution for children or young persons and includes buildings, playing fields or other premises established or maintained by such institutions for the benefit of its pupils or students whether or not such buildings, playing fields or other premises are within the curtilage of the institution.

slide7

Child: a person under the age of fourteen years.

  • Young Person: a person who is fourteen years of age or upwards and under the age of eighteen years
slide8

Overview:

Drug Situation

in Grenada

grenada is at risk to drugs crime violence
Grenada Is At Risk To Drugs, Crime & Violence
  • High poverty level
  • High rate of unemployment
  • Geographic location
  • No big industry

Source: Hegamin-Younger, Dr, Cecilia; Examination Of Drug Related Data, Economic Factors And Potential Causes In Changes, 2009

slide10

Males are more at risk of being poor than females; 39.5 % of all males are deemed poor, compared to 36.2 % of all females.

Unemployment rate among males is 31.8 %, compared to 17.9 % among females.

Source: Grenada Poverty Assessment Survey, 2007/2008

slide11

GAMBLING:

CARDS & MONEY

Survival Strategies Identified

‘Well maybe a little gambling’

Source: Grenada Poverty Assessment Survey, 2007/2008

slide12

‘Having sex for money’

‘Selling drugs, fastest way to make money’

Source: Grenada Poverty Assessment Survey, 2007/2008

slide13

Linkages Between Drugs & Crime

LOCAL AND REGIONAL

DRUG TRADE

INTERNATIONAL DRUG

TRADE

ARMS TRAFFICKING,

MONEY LAUNDERING,

TERRORISM,

PROSTITUTION,

OTHER CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES

slide14

Grenada Drug

Information Network

(GRENDIN)

Statistical Report of Indicators 1988 to 2010

slide15

Arrests

  • 8,786 persons were arrested and
  • charged for drug-related offences.
  • (Males: 8,141; Females: 645)
  • 20 persons (males) were arrested and charged for possession of drugs within a radius of 100 yards of schools. 
slide16

1,266 persons twenty years and

  • under were arrested and charged.
  • (Males: 1,121; Females: 145)
  • 14 per cent of all persons arrested and charged for drug-related offences in the State of Grenada, are 20 years and under.
slide17

Imprisonment

  • 1,747 persons were imprisoned for drug-related offences.
  • (Males: 1,667; Females: 80)
slide18

Type And Quantity Of Drugs Seized

  • Cannabis plants: 334,938 un
  • Marijuana cigarettes: 34,003 un
  • Marijuana: 10,861 kg
  • Cocaine: 1, 095.63 kg
  • Crack: 15.76 kg
  • Ecstasy: 3, 338 un
  • Methamphetamines: 89 un
slide19

528 students (505 males; 23 females) were arrested and charged for various offences between 1 January 2001 and 31 December 2010.

  • A student under age seven (7) years cannot be arrested and charged.
slide25

Key Findings

  • Drug use is major problem affecting youth, including their health.
  • Alcohol, tobacco and marijuana are main drugs used.
  • Illegal drugs are easy to get.
slide26

CIGARETTES:

  • Average age for first use: 11 years.
  • Prevalence of cigarette use increased with age.
slide27

ALCOHOL:

  • Average age of first drink is 11 years.
  • Higher the form, more students drink alcohol.
slide28

Students using alcohol have more behavioral and discipline problems and repeat forms.

  • Students whose friends drink excessively, tend to increase their own prevalence of alcohol use.
slide29

MARIJUANA:

  • Average age of first use of marijuana is

13.

  • Marijuana use increased with age and

form.

slide30

Possible Factors

  • for
  • Drug Use Among
  • Students
slide31

Personal, Biological Factors

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Developmental lags
  • Learning disabilities
  • Antisocial behaviour in childhood and adolescence
slide32

High-sensation-seeking behaviour

  • Low self-esteem
  • Favourable attitudes toward drug use, violence
slide33

Interpersonal Factors: Family, Peers

  • Family circumstances
  • Family attitudes to drugs and violence
  • Poor bonding to family, poor communication among family members
slide34

Early and persistent problem behaviors

  • Academic failure
  • Association with drug-using and violent peers
  • Alienation, rebelliousness
  • Lack of social and personal competence
slide35

Social, Environmental & Cultural Factors

  • Cultural trends
  • Societal disintegration
  • Availability of drugs
  • Economic deprivation
slide36

Neighborhood disorganization

  • Community attitudes, behaviour
  • High rates of crime and substance use
  • Stress from social, economic and other situations
slide38

Teachers tend to notice both positive and negatives changes in various areas f their students lives.

  • They are therefore in an excellent position to provide guidance and referral services to students who may need assistance to correct negative behaviours.
slide39

Signs and symptoms of negative forms of behaviours could be non-specific and caused by a number of factors.

  • If your students show a number of these behaviors (signs/symptoms) it is possible that they may be using drugs. Your early intervention is required.
slide40

These signs and symptoms could include:

  • Inability to sleep or sleeping most of the

time

  • Red and watery eyes
  • Profuse sweating
slide41

Reduced attention span and forgetfulness

  • Tremors or shaking
  • Low motivation and achievement
  • Paranoia
slide42

Secretive behavior

  • Stealing money, lying
  • Unable to account for their time, absence
  • Changes in behaviour, friends
  • Aggression
slide45

Drug Paraphernalia

MARIJUANA & WRAPPER

CRACK PIPES

slide46

National Schools’ Policy

On Drugs

www.gov.gd/ncodc.html

slide48

Principal goals:

  • To promote a healthy lifestyle

among students, free of drug use.

  • To provide a mechanism for the

appropriate identification of alcohol,

tobacco and drug-related problems, and

early intervention among students.

slide49

To provide firm, consistent, and

equitable disciplinary action regarding

tobacco, alcohol-related or drug-related

infractions, and

  • To provide support services to students

with an identified tobacco, alcohol or

substance abuse concern or problem.

slide50

Guidelines:

Seizure of Drugs

Distinguish between seizure and confiscation

slide51

ALWAYS:

  • Notify the relevant authorities if there is
  • reasonable suspicion that a student is
  • using drugs or has drugs in his/her
  • possession.
  • Place the drug (s) in a secure area.
  • Limit access to the secure area where the
  • drugs are being kept.
slide52

Use appropriate protective wear, such

  • as rubber gloves, to handle the drug,
  • where possible.
  • Request the students to remove the contents of their bags and place them on a table etc.
  • Wash your hands properly after
  • handling any confiscated controlled
  • drugs.
slide53

If any drugs, weapons etc. are found, inform the student (s) that these items would be confiscated.

  • Let the student see the items that are found.
  • Document the items found (description, date etc.)
slide54

Wash your hands properly after

  • handling any confiscated controlled
  • drugs.
  • Bathe and change your clothing immediately, if the drug spills on any part of your person.
slide55

NEVER:

  • Smell, taste, or swallow the substance.
  • Inform unauthorized personnel,
  • including the media of any drug seizures.
  • Conduct strip searches of students.
slide56

Remove the drug from the school

  • compound, unless authorized to do such
  • by a member of the Royal Grenada Police
  • Force.
  • Display the drugs for staff or members of
  • the public to view or handle.
slide57

Engage in physical confrontation, fights

  • etc. in an attempt to seize drugs from a
  • student.
slide58
NEED INFORMATION, ASSISTANCEDrug Control Secretariat:440-7911Royal Grenada Police Force:440-3764; 440-3999; 444-1958