How did stalin succeed
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How did Stalin succeed?. Key MNEMONIC to remember PILLR. P ositions . Stalin had them all : politburo, orgburo , party secy , Komissar of Nationalities Each of these gave him a distinct advantage Ideology: Socialism in one country

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Key mnemonic to remember pillr
Key MNEMONIC to remember PILLR

  • P ositions. Stalin had them all : politburo, orgburo, party secy, Komissar of Nationalities

    Each of these gave him a distinct advantage

  • Ideology: Socialism in one country

  • LUCK: in spades. Funeral and Will are the two that he used very effectivelyL : First group he eliminated. Trotsky and the Zinoviev and Kamenev. Issue was Scissors Crisis and then NEP

  • R Thisis the group he eliminated in 1928 and his control complete: Bukharin, Rykov etc. This time he ends NEP

2 candidates that seemed to be the most likely to succeed were Bukharin and Trotsky.Bukharin was the theorist and Trotsky the man of action

So how did stalin take control
So how did Stalin take control

  • 1. Date of the funeral

  • 2. Very public funeral much against the wishes of Nadia Krupskaya

  • 3. Lenin’s Will

  • 4. Lenin Enrolment

  • 5. In Policy debates Stalin would refer to the Factionalism issue. Lenin’s rule: Party over personal view. So promotion of a personal view was bad!! Trotsky frequently accused of Factionalism

  • 6. Trotsky now in open confrontation on Party matters with Zinoviev and Kamenev against him in 1924

How did stalin take control
How did Stalin take control?

  • 6. 14th Party Congress in 1925, Trotsky’s anti NEP policy attacked. ‘Socialism in one country appeals more

  • Trotsky loses control of Red Army. Appointed Kommissar to deal with electrification project. Essentially sidelined

  • 7. Trotsky tries to defend himself with K. and Z. while Stalin watches

  • 8.United Opposition against Trotsky, who is now accused of factionalism, all three expelled from the Party by 1927

  • 9. IN 1928 he turns against NEP and advocates a policy of rapid industrialization.

  • 10. Opposition by Bukharin and others useless, Stalin simply has them removed, more new members are introduced, among them Khruschev, Yagoda and Yeshov

By 1929
By 1929

Stalin in control and celebrates his 50th Birthday in style

Volgograd is renamed Stalingrad in his honour.

Why was Leningrad or St Petersburg not renamed?

Was there any point at which stalin could be stopped
Was there any point at whichStalin could be stopped?

2 issues
2 issues

  • Will

  • Trotsky’s illness. Was it a sham? Or an acknowledgement of Stalin?

Why did stalin succeed
Why Did Stalin succeed?

  • Grey Blur: Did not push himself forward until 1925. So he was seriously underestimated

  • Propaganda : Lenin’s heir

  • Exploited Party rivalries Trotsky v/s Zinoviev and Kamenev

  • Party Positions which taken together gave him enormous power

  • Death of 2 possible rivals : Sverdlov and Dzerzhinski by 1921

  • Trotsky lacked political acumen. Intellectual. Man of action but not infighting

  • Trotsky a Jew and ex Menshevik

Why did stalin succeed1
Why did Stalin succeed?

  • Additional factors

    • Need for peace and stability promised by ‘socialism in one country

    • Fear of a takeover by Trotsky who had seemed very powerful as long as he controlled the Red Army

Factors for rise to power
Factors for Rise to Power

  • External: War since 1914. need for peace

  • Stalin had promoted himself and Lenin’s heir

  • Stalin a very shrewd manipulator and used every advantage very effectively

  • No clear heir designate that allowed for the machinations of Stalin