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Mrs. Eby. The Civil Rights Movement. Slow Beginnings. Herman Talmadge Governor (1948-1951) After his father’s death, the General Assembly selected him to replace his father Resisted desegregation of schools Implemented GA’s first state sales tax

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slow beginnings
Slow Beginnings
  • Herman Talmadge
    • Governor (1948-1951)
    • After his father’s death, the General Assembly selected him to replace his father
    • Resisted desegregation of schools
    • Implemented GA’s first state sales tax
      • Money was used to improve public school systems
    • Served as U.S. Senator for four terms
benjamin e mays
Benjamin E. Mays
  • Distinguished African American minister, scholar, and activist
  • Presided over Morehouse College
  • Emphasized
    • The inherent dignity of all
    • Differences between ideals of America and actual practices in American society
  • MLK used his ideas to further the CRM
brown v board of education
Brown v. Board of Education
  • In 1954, the US Supreme Court ruled that schools must be desegregated
  • This ruling helped launch the modern civil rights movement
1956 georgia flag
1956 Georgia Flag
  • In 1955, John Sammons Bell (GA’s Democratic Party Leader) wanted to change the GA flag to incorporate the Confederate Flag
  • In 1956, the General Assembly voted to change the flag
  • People received this change as a statement against the Brown v. Board decision
  • This move was seen as a recognition of GA’s Civil War past.
martin luther king jr
Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Principal leader of the modern CRM
  • He was a clergyman and advocate for non-violent protest
  • Attended Morehouse College
  • Began career after the arrest of Rosa Parks
    • African Americans boycotted the buses after Ms. Park’s arrest
  • Took risk to his own safety and that of his family to progress Civil Rights for all
mlk continued
MLK continued
  • MLK led and participated in marches and protests calling for equal rights for all
  • Believed many problems were caused the economic inequalities in society
  • Killed by an assassin in Memphis, TN in 1968
  • January holiday commemorates his birthday
the civil rights movement
The Civil Rights Movement
  • SNCC
  • Sibley Commission
  • Integration of UGA
  • Albany Movement
  • March on Washington
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
student nonviolent coordinating committee
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
  • Group grew out of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
  • Encouraged young people (both black and white) to use peaceful protest to gain equal rights
    • Sit-ins
    • Freedom riders
      • Protested by riding on segregated buses
sibley commission
Sibley Commission
  • Gathered information about how people felt about desegregation
  • Founded by Governor Ernest Vandiver
  • Report decreased resistance against desegregation
  • Local school boards created methods to slow down the desegregation process
  • Desegregation finally began in GA in the late 1960s
african americans enter uga
African Americans enter UGA
  • CharlayneHunter and Hamilton Holmes were the first blacks admitted to UGA in 1961
  • The Hunter-Holmes building at UGA is named after them, and it was the site of their registration
albany movement
Albany Movement
  • The goal of this movement was to desegregate the Albany, Georgia region
  • The groups involved:
    • SNCC
    • Youth Council of the NAACP
    • Baptist Ministerial Alliance
    • Federation of Women’s Clubs
    • Negro Voters League
march on washington
March on Washington
  • Site of the famous “I Have a Dream” speech by MLK, Jr.
  • Five goals of march:
  • Meaningful Civil Rights laws
  • Massive federal works program
  • Full and fair employment
  • Decent housing, the right to vote
  • Adequate integrated education
civil rights act of 1964
Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Signed by Lyndon Johnson
  • Three main provision:
    • Guaranteed equal voting rights
    • Prohibited segregation in public places
    • Banned segregation by trade unions, schools, and employers involved in interstate commerce or business with the federal government
lester maddox
Lester Maddox
  • Became governor of GA in 1967
  • Because he was popular with Georgians who favored segregation, many feared he would return widespread segregation to the state
  • Requested huge police presence at MLK, Jr.’s funeral which kept many blacks from attending
african americans take office
African Americans Take Office
  • In 1973, Maynard Jackson was elected the first African American mayor of Atlanta- the first in a major southern city
  • Jackson encouraged a number of Affirmative Action programs
andrew young
Andrew Young
  • An aide to Martin Luther King, Jr. during the Civil Rights Movement
  • Served as an executive director of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
  • First African American from Georgia to be elected to Congress since the 1860s.