how government works n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
How Government Works PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
How Government Works

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 53

How Government Works - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 173 Views
  • Uploaded on

How Government Works. Cities, Regions and School Boards. You Are Here. Neighbourhood. Neighbourhood. City. City. Region. Region. Ontario. Ontario. Canada. Canada. Levels of Government. Levels of Government - Federal. Queen. JUDICIAL. FEDERAL. Cabinet. House. Senate.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'How Government Works' - annot


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
how government works

How Government Works

Cities, Regions and

School Boards

you are here
You Are Here

Neighbourhood

Neighbourhood

City

City

Region

Region

Ontario

Ontario

Canada

Canada

slide4

Levels of Government - Federal

Queen

JUDICIAL

FEDERAL

Cabinet

House

Senate

Committees

Prime Minister

P.M. Office

Committees

Governor General

Legislature

Executive

Supreme

Federal

Ministries

levels of government1
Levels of Government

JUDICIAL

PROVINCIAL

FEDERAL

Municipal

Federal

Provincial

Supreme

Queen

Executive

Legislature

Legislature

Executive

G.G.

L.G.

Senate

House

P.M.O

P.M.

Comm.

L.A.O

Comm.

Premier

P.O

Cabinet

Comm.

Cabinet

Ministries

Ministries

provincial government
Provincial Government

PROVINCIAL

  • Legislative Assembly
  • Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs)
  • Committees

Executive

Legislature

L.G.

L.A.O

Comm.

Premier

P.O

Cabinet

Ministries

provincial government1
Provincial Government

PROVINCIAL

  • Executive
  • Premier
  • Premier’s Office
  • Cabinet
  • Ministries

Executive

Legislature

L.A.O

Comm.

Premier

P.O

Cabinet

L.G.

Ministries

local governments
Local Governments

Provincial Ministries

Municipal Affairs

School Boards

Education

Municipalities

municipal councils1
Municipal Councils

REGIONAL

GOVERNMENTS

  • The powers of municipal governments are determined by the provincial government.
  • 3 Types of Municipal Councils
  • Regional
  • Counties
  • Single Tier

SINGLE TIER

GOVERNMENT

role of municipal council
Role of Municipal Council
  • It is the role of Council,
  • to represent the public and to consider the well-being and interests of the municipality
  • to develop and evaluate the policies and programs of the municipality
  • to determine which services the municipality provides
  • to ensure that administrative policies, practices and procedures are in place to implement the decisions of council
  • to ensure the accountability and transparency of the operations of the municipality, including the activities of the senior management of the municipality
  • to maintain the financial integrity of the municipality and
  • to carry out the duties assigned to it by law.
who s on council
Who’s on Council?

PEEL REGIONAL COUNCIL

Regional Chair

Mayors of Caledon, Brampton, Mississauga

11 City of Mississauga Council members

6 City of Brampton Council members

4 Town of Caledon Council members

YORKREGIONAL COUNCIL

Regional Chair and CEO

Mayors of Aurora, East Gwillimbury, Georgina, King, Markham, Newmarket, Richmond Hill, Vaughan, Whitchurch-Stouffville

1 Georgina Regional Council member

4 Markham Regional Council members

1 Newmarket Regional Council member

2 Richmond Hill Regional Council members

3 Vaughan Regional Council members

Municipal Councils are made up of a Head of Council plus Councillors or Aldermen.

who s on council1
Who’s on Council?

The Head of Council may be called a Warden, Chair, Reeve or Mayor.

It is the role of the Head of Council,

To act as the municipality’s chief executive officer

To preside over council meetings (though in Toronto, a “speaker” is named)

To provide the council with leadership and information and recommendations to the council

To represent the municipality at official functions

Head of Council

who s on council2
Who’s on Council?

Councillors have a representative, policy-making and stewardship role in each municipality.

Councillors

Representative Role

Councillors are elected by constituents to represent their views when dealing with issues at Council.

Policy-Making Role

Councillors are expected to provide direction for municipal policies, including administration and guidance for future decisions.

agencies boards committees
Agencies, Boards & Committees
  • Committees can include but aren’t limited to:
  • Budget committee
  • Economic development committee
  • Community and social services committee
  • Property standards committee
  • Audit committee
  • Public works and infrastructure committee
  • Public Health committee
  • Agencies, boards and commissions can include but aren’t limited to:
  • Police services board
  • Public library board
  • Transit commissions (i.e. TTC)
  • Boards of health
reading municipal reports
Reading Municipal Reports
  • Introduction

This section provides an overview of the issue and the purpose of the report.

  • Recommendations

Reports tend to put recommendations up front.

  • Background

This should explain the reasons for the recommendations and why the matter is an issue of importance.

  • History of the issue

This section will include references to previous reports or decisions.

  • Structure

In reports the most recent information – usually the recommended conclusion is up front but the background discussion that makes it all make sense follows, in reverse chronological order.

role of staff
Role of Staff

Staff have a lot more power in local governments and play a bigger role in decision making.

Develop proposals and recommendations

Support for Mayor and Councillors

Staff outlast elected politicians

school boards1
School Boards

Education is a provincial government responsibility led by the Minister and Ministry of Education.

Ontario's school boards operate the province's publicly-funded schools and administer the funding they receive for their schools.

who s part of a school board
Who’s part of a School Board?
  • School Trustees
  • School Board Trustees are locally elected representatives of the public and they are the community’s advocate for public education
  • A Trustee’s job is to:
    • participate in making decisions that benefit the whole board while representing the interests of his or her constituents, and also to
    • communicate the views and decisions of the school board back to the constituents
    • identify the needs and priorities of their community and turn them into practical educational opportunities for students.
who s part of a school board1
Who’s part of a School Board?
  • Student Trustees
  • Student Trustees are elected by students and represent the interests of the student body at meetings of the Board
  • Fully participate in meetings and have access to Board resources and opportunities
  • Not members of the Board and are not entitled to vote
  • Can have their voices reflected in meeting minutes
who s part of a school board2
Who’s part of a School Board?

Directors are responsible for:

Advising the Board on operational matters

Implementing Board policies

Managing all areas of Board operations

Developing, implementing, monitoring, finding resources for and reporting to the Board on a multi-year plan;

Bringing to the Board’s attention any Board violations of the Education Act or any of its policies, guidelines or regulations.

Directors of Education

The Director of Education is the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Education Officer of the Board.

All School Board staff report either directly or indirectly to the Director of Education.

who s part of a school board3
Who’s part of a School Board?

Superintendents (supervisory officers)

Superintendents are accountable to the Director of Education for the implementation, operation, and supervision of educational programs in their schools.

Superintendents are responsible for:

Leading and supervising schools and programs

Ensuring that performance appraisals are conducted.

  • Working with principals and staff to ensure that schools operate according to Ministry and Board policy
  • Holding schools accountable for student achievement
who s part of a school board4
Who’s part of a School Board?

School Councils

School Councils advise principals on issues affecting the education programs and operation of individual schools.

School Councils may advise on:

Leading and supervising schools and programs

Codes of student behaviour

Curriculum priorities

Programs/strategies to improve school performance on provincial and School Boards tests

Communications with parents

Community use of schools

School Councils membership include:

  • Parents/guardians of students
  • the principal
  • A teacher
  • A student representative
  • A non-teaching school staff
  • Members from the community at large
board committees
Board Committees
  • Types of Board committees:
  • Standing or permanent committees generally deal with ongoing or recurring matters, such as those specified in the legislation, and are an integral part of the Board structure.
  • Ad hoc committees, like task forces or work groups, investigate a specific issue and report to the Board within a stated time frame.
  • Advisory committees, established on either a short- or long-term basis, provide input into policy development or other areas where the Board would benefit from the experience and expertise of other participants.
municipal budgets1
Municipal Budgets
  • Municipalities go through a process every year that determines the following year’s budget – what each department, division and Council will spend
  • Unlike other levels of government, municipalities MUST balance their budgets every year
  • Each municipality has a different budget process
    • In some municipalities, initial budget discussions begin in the late fall with public consultations beginning early in the new year
    • In other municipalities, the budget process starts much earlier, in the spring
municipal budgets2
Municipal Budgets
  • Operating Budgets
  • Like your food budget
  • The operating budget pays for things that you use up and don’t have afterward. If you spend more than you have, you run into deficit and eventually go broke.
  • Capital Budgets
  • Like a mortgage or car payments
  • These are debts but they are balanced by things you own that are worth something. You can spend more than you have but need to make payments regularly, and you need enough income to cover the payments.
municipal budget consultations
Municipal Budget Consultations
  • Municipalities use a variety of methods to engage residents in the budget process.
  • Activities municipalities may use include:
    • Budget committee deputations, email and mail correspondence
    • City/Town-wide public meetings
    • Regional public meetings
    • Online surveys
    • Councillor-led public meetings
    • Public open house
elections
Elections

Elections affect how politicians think about their jobs

Politicians have to get elected every 4 years

What they need to win colours what they feel they need to do while in office

elections1
Elections

They know which votes they need, which communities are “swing votes”

They will work to appeal to those swing votes

Issues that affect those groups get a lot of attention – so link your issue to their issue

municipal elections1
Municipal Elections
  • Municipal elections happen once every 4 years
  • A person is entitled to vote in a municipal election if she or he is:
  • 18 years of age or older
  • a Canadian citizen; and
  • either a resident of the municipality or a property owner or tenant or the spouse or same sex partner of an owner or tenant in the municipality during a specified time just before the election
  • On election day, voters elect representatives for their own Ward including:
  • 1 Councillor
  • 1 Mayor
  • 1 School Board Trustee
exercise
Exercise

Your issue is schools

How do you get the attention of the elected official?

Your issue is transit

How do you get the attention of the elected official?

Swing votes are seniors, newcomers

how government works1

How Government Works

Cities, Regions and

School Boards