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Anatomy & Physiology. Wow, those are BIG words. Anatomy. the art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their location, structure, and meaning. Physiology.

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Anatomy & Physiology


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    1. Anatomy & Physiology Wow, those are BIG words

    2. Anatomy • the art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their location, structure, and meaning

    3. Physiology • Physiology is defined as the study of the characteristics and behavior of organisms. • To study the function of living activities and their parts.

    4. When do you think they began studying about anatomy & physiology?

    5. All the way back to the Ancient Egyptians! These are medical tools that the Ancient Egyptians used. Do you know what they used to suture (sew) open wounds? It’s amazing, doctors have been doing this for about 4,000 years!

    6. Interesting Facts about the Egyptians: • . They believed they were healed by supernatural powers from shaman (sha-man) Witch doctor medicine man • Historians believe that they learned about diseases when they performed burial rituals.

    7. Do you know how they would prepare the body for burial in Ancient Egypt?

    8. 70 Days • Body washed and purified • Organs were removed • The heart remained • Body filled with stuffing (no not the kind we eat) • Covered with natron • Wrapped in strands of linen • Placed in coffin • They were mummified

    9. Organs placed in clay jars

    10. Mummified Ancient Egyptian

    11. Ancient Greeks • Believed people were made up of 4 substances or 4 humors: • Blood- earth • Black bile-air • Yellow bile-fire • Phlegm (FLEM, boogers) -water

    12. Ancient Greek Beliefs • Healthy= balanced 4 humors • Sick= too much of one humor • It might have been that you had a fever • Cutting to bring down fever • Leeches

    13. Leeches

    14. Hippocrates

    15. Lived 400 years before the birth of Jesus • Hippo- believed that diseases had natural causes & not supernatural ones • He wrote that it’s important to have a proper diet and exercise • Today doctors still use some of his advice

    16. Hippocrates • Clean Hands • Bright Operating room • Men of Honor • Hippocratic (hip uh CRAT ick) Oath • Rules and conduct of a doctor, still used today

    17. Ancient Greek Surgeon’s Tools

    18. Roman Doctor Galen • Wrote a medical book • still use it today • Learned a lot from Hippo (lived a few hundred years after Hippo) • Gladiators, Animals • Still thought blood-letting was good

    19. Roman Surgical Tools

    20. Trivia • 1. Hippocrates lived 400 years before the • time of _____. • A. Socrates • B. Walter Reed • C. Euripides • D. Christ

    21. Christ

    22. A trust in magic is called _____. • A. suspicion • B. trustworthiness • C. magical • D. superstition

    23. superstition

    24. Hippocrates taught that diseases camefrom _____.A. having a curse put on youB. going to the templeC. the medicine manD. natural causes

    25. natural causes

    26. What is the art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their location, structure, and meaning • - - - - - - -

    27. Anatomy

    28. These were used to suck blood from those that were sick • - - - - - - -

    29. Leeches

    30. Ancient Egyptians took 70 days to work on the body so that it would, what?

    31. Mummify

    32. P______________is defined as the study of the characteristics and behavior of organisms. • To study the function of living activities and their parts.

    33. Physiology

    34. People believed the fluids in the body • matched the elements _____. • A. earth, gas, solid, and liquid • B. earth, air, fire, and rock • C. earth, air, fire, and water • D. gas, fire, liquid, and sand

    35. Earth, air, fire and water

    36. Extra time • http://www.hhmi.org/coolscience/forkids/airjunk//index.html • http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/ED/mummy.html