Anatomy & Physiology. Wow, those are BIG words. Anatomy. the art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their location, structure, and meaning. Physiology.
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Anatomy & Physiology Wow, those are BIG words
Anatomy • the art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their location, structure, and meaning
Physiology • Physiology is defined as the study of the characteristics and behavior of organisms. • To study the function of living activities and their parts.
All the way back to the Ancient Egyptians! These are medical tools that the Ancient Egyptians used. Do you know what they used to suture (sew) open wounds? It’s amazing, doctors have been doing this for about 4,000 years!
Interesting Facts about the Egyptians: • . They believed they were healed by supernatural powers from shaman (sha-man) Witch doctor medicine man • Historians believe that they learned about diseases when they performed burial rituals.
Do you know how they would prepare the body for burial in Ancient Egypt?
70 Days • Body washed and purified • Organs were removed • The heart remained • Body filled with stuffing (no not the kind we eat) • Covered with natron • Wrapped in strands of linen • Placed in coffin • They were mummified
Ancient Greeks • Believed people were made up of 4 substances or 4 humors: • Blood- earth • Black bile-air • Yellow bile-fire • Phlegm (FLEM, boogers) -water
Ancient Greek Beliefs • Healthy= balanced 4 humors • Sick= too much of one humor • It might have been that you had a fever • Cutting to bring down fever • Leeches
Lived 400 years before the birth of Jesus • Hippo- believed that diseases had natural causes & not supernatural ones • He wrote that it’s important to have a proper diet and exercise • Today doctors still use some of his advice
Hippocrates • Clean Hands • Bright Operating room • Men of Honor • Hippocratic (hip uh CRAT ick) Oath • Rules and conduct of a doctor, still used today
Roman Doctor Galen • Wrote a medical book • still use it today • Learned a lot from Hippo (lived a few hundred years after Hippo) • Gladiators, Animals • Still thought blood-letting was good
Trivia • 1. Hippocrates lived 400 years before the • time of _____. • A. Socrates • B. Walter Reed • C. Euripides • D. Christ
A trust in magic is called _____. • A. suspicion • B. trustworthiness • C. magical • D. superstition
Hippocrates taught that diseases camefrom _____.A. having a curse put on youB. going to the templeC. the medicine manD. natural causes
What is the art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their location, structure, and meaning • - - - - - - -
These were used to suck blood from those that were sick • - - - - - - -
Ancient Egyptians took 70 days to work on the body so that it would, what?
P______________is defined as the study of the characteristics and behavior of organisms. • To study the function of living activities and their parts.
People believed the fluids in the body • matched the elements _____. • A. earth, gas, solid, and liquid • B. earth, air, fire, and rock • C. earth, air, fire, and water • D. gas, fire, liquid, and sand
Extra time • http://www.hhmi.org/coolscience/forkids/airjunk//index.html • http://oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/ED/mummy.html