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Turkey, Cyprus & The EU. Turkey & The EU. Turkey & The EU. Erdogan and the AKP. Turkey & The EU. Turkey & The EU. Issues for Accession Population NATO Kurdish Issue Economics Civil Military Relations Religion Gastarbeiter Immigration to the EU Cyprus. The Cyprus Conflict.

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turkey the eu1
Turkey & The EU

Erdogan and the AKP

turkey the eu3
Turkey & The EU

Issues for Accession

  • Population
  • NATO
  • Kurdish Issue
  • Economics
  • Civil Military Relations
  • Religion
  • Gastarbeiter
  • Immigration to the EU
  • Cyprus
the cyprus conflict1
The Cyprus Conflict

Timeline

  • 1878 Ottomans cede Cyprus to Britain for protection against Russia
  • Greek & Turkish Wars for Independence
  • Treaty of Lausanne
  • Enosis
  • 1931 Uprising/Constitution Revoked
  • 1946 Consultative Assembly/rtn of 31 exiles
  • 1950 Michael Mouskos becomes Archbishop MakariosIII favors enosis
the cyprus conflict2
The Cyprus Conflict

Archbishop Makarios III

the cyprus conflict3
The Cyprus Conflict
  • 1954 Greece calls on UN to enforce self-determination for the people of Cyprus
  • 1954 Britain & Turkey rejects call for enosis
  • 1955 Open Rebellion/EOKA George Grivas leads guerrilla war against the British. Volcan later TMT forms (Turk MukavenetTeskilatu)
  • 1960 (9 August) Cypriot Independence
  • Treaty of Guarantee: Britain, Turkey & Greece
the cyprus conflict4
The Cyprus Conflict
  • 1963 Makarios introduces new constitution which ensures dominance of Greek Cypriots
  • Looting and destruction of Turkish villages creates enclaves and revival of TMT/
  • Fear of Turkish invasion, Makarios agrees to British intervention
  • 1964 6500 UN Peacekeepers (UNFICYP) join British soldiers and remain today
the cyprus conflict5
The Cyprus Conflict
  • 1964 National Guard formed by Greek Cypriot Government as deterrent to Turkish invasion/Grivas returns to command
  • 1967 Military Coup in Athens/Makarios moves to nonalignment
  • National Guard subverted by right-wing pro-enosis officers and splits with Makarios/EOKA B supported by Greek Junta
the cyprus conflict7
The Cyprus Conflict
  • 1974 Grivas dies of heart attack. National Guard comes more under control of Athens Junta
  • Makarios demands removal of 650 Greek officers in National Guard
  • July 15 Reply comes in the form of coup led by EOKA gunman and convicted murderer Nicos Sampson
  • Makarios narrowly escapes palace attack to London
  • Failed London negotiations result in Turkish invasion on 20 July 1974
the cyprus conflict8
The Cyprus Conflict

Turkish Invasion of 1974

the cyprus conflict9
The Cyprus Conflict

T.C.G Kocatepe

the cyprus conflict10
The Cyprus Conflict

2011 Istanbul

1974 TCG Kocatepe

the cyprus conflict11
The Cyprus Conflict

Defacto partition of Cyprus since 1974 – The”Atilla” Line

37% of the territory of Cyprus under Turkish Control

the cyprus conflict12
The Cyprus Conflict
  • Annan Settlement and Referendum 2004
    • Presidential council (6 members, 4 Greek, 2 Turks)
    • Bicameral legislature (upper house 24:24, Lower house proportional)
    • Supreme Court (Equal representation)
    • 65% Turkish approval
    • 73% Greek dissapproval