? December ?, 2013 . Turn in 7.5 reading/writing Answer the following in your notes: 7.5 Constitutional Disputes & Crisis Explain the “nullification crisis” and what triggered it Which “section” tended to favor tariffs? Describe Henry Clay’s opinion of nullification
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7.5 Constitutional Disputes & Crisis
Conflicts and crises during Jackson’s presidency led to formation of a rival political party called the Whigs.
In spite of this, Jackson’s handpicked successor Martin Van Buren won in 1836 but lost to the Whigs in 1840.
Tariffs were a continuing source of dispute between the industrial North (favored) and agricultural South (opposed).
In 1832, South Carolina voted to industrial North (favored) and agricultural South (opposed). nullify the tariff. It threatened to secede from the Union if force was used to collect the import tax.
Resolution of the Nullification Crisis of 1833 industrial North (favored) and agricultural South (opposed).
Economic nationalists like Daniel Websterrejected the concept of nullification.
Jackson, a Democrat, normally supported southern states, but he strongly rejected this challenge to his authority and to the Union.
In a compromise, Congress lowered the tariff. The issues of nullification and secession were left unresolved.
Congress passed a Force Bill authorizing troops to enforce collection.
Despite his opposition to nullification, Jackson generally supported the agricultural South.
The supported the agricultural South.Second National Bank divided Americans.
In 1832, Congress voted to renew the Bank’s charter.
Jackson vetoed the charter renewal.
Presidential vetoes were rare. Bank supporters denounced Jackson as a power-hungry tyrant and formed a new political party, theWhigs.
The Whigs were led by Daniel Webster of Massachusetts and Henry Clay of Kentucky.
Whigs favored a strong federal government, broad interpretation of the Constitution, protective tariffs, internal improvements, and moral reform.
Andrew Jackson, while stressing democracy for the common man, was seen as a tyrantby those who crossed him.
They referred to him mockingly as “King Andrew.”
Jackson’s economic policies led to disaster for the next president.
The resulting man, Panic of 1837 became the worst depression the nation had yet experienced.
The Panic hurt Van Buren and the Democratic Party.
In 1840, the Whigs nominated man, William Henry Harrison and John Tyler.
Harrison’s victorious 1840 campaign focused on symbols like his log cabin background, seen in this flag.
One month after his inauguration, man, President Harrison died of pneumonia.