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Realism

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  1. Realism

  2. The powers to be in the art world controlled artists’ work by approving art that showed proper technical polish and appropriate subject matter • Subject matter based on history, mythology or picturesque genre • Not innovative and forgetful • Artists began rejecting traditions and looking to everyday real life for subject matter

  3. Some artists believed that one needed to show the unvarnished truth • POLITICS: • Revolution of 1848 and the installation of Napoleon III • showed unease not only in France but in many major European cities • Positivists beliefs brought about new constitution Napoleon had the streets of Paris redrawn to prevent uprisings and protests Emile Zola, Charles Dickens & Honore de Balzac focused their writing and attention on the urban lower classes

  4. Gustave Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849

  5. Gustave Courbet, The Burial at Ornans, 1849.

  6. Jean Francois Millet, Third Class Carriage, 1857

  7. Rosa Bonheur, Plowing in the Nivernais, 1849.

  8. Thomas Eakins, The Gross Clinic, 1875.

  9. James Whistler, Arrangement in Black and Gray, 1871.

  10. James Whistler, Nocturne in Black and Gold, 1875

  11. IMPRESSIONISM • April 1874, a group of Parisian artists (Paul Cezanne, Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Pierre Auguste Renoir, & Berthe Morisot) exhibited at the Corporation of Artists, Painters, Sculptors and Engravers • Camille Pissarro was the mastermind bused on his devotion to anachist philosophies • The above mentioned artists, plus 30 other artists of the time, banded together and boycotted the state funded Salon

  12. Their show had positive reviews from some critics, but Louis Leroy took the title of Monet’s painting, Impression, Sunrise, and dubbed the group the Impressionists. Although Leroy called them Impressionists in a derogatory manner, the artists took ownership of the title. • In the next 2 years there were seven more shows in which varying members participated; Camille Pissarro was the only artist to enter work in all 8 shows

  13. EdouardManet, The Luncheon on the Grass, 1862-63.

  14. EdouardManet, Olympia,

  15. EdouardManet, A Bar at the Folies-Bergere, 1863.

  16. Claude Monet, Autumn at Argentueil

  17. Claude Monet, Haystacks

  18. Claude Monet, Bridge over a Pond of Water Lilies, 1899.

  19. Edgar Degas, The Dance Class, 1873.

  20. Edgar Degas, The Tub,

  21. Edgar Degas, Racehorses at Longchamp, 1880

  22. Renoir, Luncheon of the Boating Party, 1881

  23. Renoir, Moulin de la Galette, 1876.

  24. Mary Cassatt, The Boating Party, 1893.

  25. Mary Cassatt, Woman in a Loge,

  26. Mary Cassatt, Breakfast in Bed, 1897.

  27. GustaveCaillebotte, The Rainy Day, 1877.

  28. Cezanne, Still Life with Basket of Apples, 1890.

  29. Cezanne, Mont Sainte Victoire, 1885.

  30. Rodin, The Burghers of Calais

  31. Camille Claudel, The Waltz, 1900.a

  32. Post Impressionism

  33. Paul Gauguin, Vision after the Sermon, 1888.

  34. Vincent van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889

  35. Georges Seurat, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, 1884.

  36. And various other styles of late 19th Century artistic styles • Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893.

  37. Victor Horda, The Tassel House, 1892 Art Nouveau

  38. Gustav Klimt, The Kiss, 1907.

  39. Gustav Klimt, Adele Bloch Bauer, 1907.