The powers to be in the art world controlled artists’ work by approving art that showed proper technical polish and appropriate subject matter • Subject matter based on history, mythology or picturesque genre • Not innovative and forgetful • Artists began rejecting traditions and looking to everyday real life for subject matter
Some artists believed that one needed to show the unvarnished truth • POLITICS: • Revolution of 1848 and the installation of Napoleon III • showed unease not only in France but in many major European cities • Positivists beliefs brought about new constitution Napoleon had the streets of Paris redrawn to prevent uprisings and protests Emile Zola, Charles Dickens & Honore de Balzac focused their writing and attention on the urban lower classes
IMPRESSIONISM • April 1874, a group of Parisian artists (Paul Cezanne, Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Camille Pissarro, Pierre Auguste Renoir, & Berthe Morisot) exhibited at the Corporation of Artists, Painters, Sculptors and Engravers • Camille Pissarro was the mastermind bused on his devotion to anachist philosophies • The above mentioned artists, plus 30 other artists of the time, banded together and boycotted the state funded Salon
Their show had positive reviews from some critics, but Louis Leroy took the title of Monet’s painting, Impression, Sunrise, and dubbed the group the Impressionists. Although Leroy called them Impressionists in a derogatory manner, the artists took ownership of the title. • In the next 2 years there were seven more shows in which varying members participated; Camille Pissarro was the only artist to enter work in all 8 shows
And various other styles of late 19th Century artistic styles • Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893.