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The Prophetic Canon. Kings and Prophets In Israel and Judah. BIBLE BASICS. History of the Kingdoms: Judah and Israel Kings and Prophets The Deuteronomistic History: “Earlier Prophets” The “Writing Prophets”. Themes in the Deuteronomistic History. Joshua Conquest of the Land

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the prophetic canon
The Prophetic Canon

Kings and Prophets

In Israel and Judah

bible basics
BIBLE BASICS

History of the Kingdoms: Judah and Israel

Kings and Prophets

The Deuteronomistic History: “Earlier Prophets”

The “Writing Prophets”

themes in the deuteronomistic history
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

Joshua

  • Conquest of the Land
  • Liturgical Renewal of the Covenant
  • Relations among the Tribes of Israel
  • Decision for Yahweh
  • Leadership in Israel
slide4
Asher

Naphtali

Zebulon

Issachar

Manasseh

Ephraim

Gad

Dan

Benjamin

Reuben

Judah

Simeon

slide6
Joshua 6

http://www.usccb.org/nab/bible/joshua/joshua6.htm

slide8
Joshua fit de Battle

Joshua fit de battle of Jericho, Jericho, Jericho    Joshua fit de battle of Jericho,    And the walls came a tumblin' down You may talk about the man of Gideon,You may talk about the man of Saul,There's none like good ole Joshua, and the battle of Jericho.

Up to the walls of JerichoHe marched with spear in hand;"Go blow them ram horns," Joshua cried, "for the battle is in my hand."

http://gbgm-umc.org/umw/joshua/joshua8.stm

themes in the deuteronomistic history1
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

Judges

  • Conquest of the Land
  • Relations among the Tribes of Israel
  • Relations with other peoples
  • The Rule of Law
  • Charismatic Leadership
  • Hero Tales
  • Justice
themes in the deuteronomistic history2
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

I and II Samuel

  • The Rise of the Kingship
  • Prophecy
  • Eli
  • Samuel and his sons
  • Saul
  • David and Jonathan
themes in the deuteronomistic history3
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

I and II Kings

  • David’s Kingship
  • The Davidic Line
  • Sin and Grace
  • Prophecy
  • Solomon’s Wisdom
  • The Temple
themes in the deuteronomistic history4
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

I and II Kings

  • Israel and Judah
  • Kingship
  • Relations among the Tribes of Israel
  • Relations with other nations
  • War as Scourge of God
themes in the deuteronomistic history5
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

The Book of Joshua may be divided as follows:

  • I: Conquest of Canaan (Jos 1:1-12:24)
  • II: Division of the Land (Jos 13:1-21:45)
  • III: Return of the Transjordan Tribes and Joshua's Farewell (Jos 22:1-24:33)
themes in the deuteronomistic history6
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

The Book of Judges is divided as follows:

  • I: Palestine after the Death of Joshua (Jdg 1:1-3:6)
  • II: Stories of the Judges (Jdg 3:7-16:31)
  • III: The Tribes of Dan and Benjamin in the Days of the Judges (Jdg 17:1-21:25)
themes in the deuteronomistic history7
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

Plan of the Book of Judges -- New Jerusalem Bible

  • I First Introduction 1:1-2:5
  • SUMMARY OF THE SETTLEMENT IN CANAAN
  • The settlement of Judah, Simeon,
  • Caleb and the Kenites
  • The capture of Bethel
  • The northern tribes
  • The Angel of Yahweh tells Israel of disasters to come
themes in the deuteronomistic history8
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

II Second Introduction 2:6-3:6

  • GENERAL REFLECTIONS ON THE PERIOD OF THE JUDGES
  • Religious interpretation of the period of the Judges
  • Why foreign nations survived in Canaan
themes in the deuteronomistic history9
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

III History of the Judges 3:7-16:31

  • A: OTHNIEL
  • B: EHUD
  • C: SHAMGAR
  • D: DEBORAH AND BARAK
  • E: GIDEON AND ABIMELECH
themes in the deuteronomistic history10
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

III History of the Judges 3:7-16:31

JEPHTHAH AND THE `MINOR' JUDGES

  • F: TOLA
  • G: JAIR
  • H: JEPHTHAH
  • I: IBZAN
  • J: ELON
  • K: ABDON
themes in the deuteronomistic history11
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

L: SAMSON

  • Samson's birth foretold
  • The Angel appears a second time
  • Samson marries
  • Samson's riddle
  • Samson burns the Philistines' harvest
  • The donkey's jawbone
  • The gates of Gaza
  • Samson is betrayed by Delilah
  • Samson's revenge and death
themes in the deuteronomistic history12
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

IV Appendices 17-21

  • A: THE SANCTUARY OF MICAH AND THE SANCTUARY OF DAN
  • B: THE CRIME AT GIBEAH AND THE WAR AGAINST BENJAMIN
  • Judges 21:25 In those days there was no king in Israel, and everyone did as he saw fit.
themes in the deuteronomistic history13
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

First Samuel: Plan of the Book -- New Jerusalem Bible

I Samuel 1-7

  • A The Childhood of Samuel 1:1-4:1
  • B The Ark in Philistine Hands 4:1-7:17

II Samuel and Saul 8-15

  • A The Institution of the Monarchy 8-12
  • B The Beginning of Saul's Reign 13-15
themes in the deuteronomistic history14
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

III Saul and David 16-31

  • A David at Court 16:1-19:7
  • B The Flight of David 19:8-21:16
  • C David the Outlaw 22-26
  • D David among the Philistines 27-31
themes in the deuteronomistic history15
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

Second Samuel: Plan of the Book -- New Jerusalem Bible

I David 2-20

  • A David King of Judah 2-4
  • B David King of Judah and of Israel 5-8
  • C David's Family and the Intrigues over the Succession 9-20 (+1 K 1-2)

II Supplements 21-24

themes in the deuteronomistic history16
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

PLAN OF THE BOOKS OF KINGS

I The Davidic Succession 1 Kings 1-2

II Solomon in all his Glory 1 Kings 3-11

III The Political and Religious Schism 1 Kings 12-13

IV The Two Kingdoms until Elijah 1 Kings 14-16

V The Elijah Cycle 1 Kings 17-2 Kings 1

VI The Elisha Cycle 2 Kings 2-13

VII The two Kingdoms until the Fall of Samaria 2 Kgs 14-17

VIII The Last Years of the Kingdom of Judah 2 Kings 18-25

themes in the deuteronomistic history17
Themes in the Deuteronomistic History

The Principal Texts on the Monarchy

  • 1. I Sam. 7:2ff - implicit that Israel shouldn’t need monarchy
  • 2. I Sam. 8 - Theological criticism: rejection of YHWH as king
  • 3. I Sam. 9:1-10:16 - Positive
  • 4. I Sam. 10:17-27 - less negative
  • 5. I Sam. 11 - charismatic rule; positive
  • 6. I Sam. 12 - discourse of Samuel
the united monarchy
The United Monarchy

Kings of the United Kingdom (c 1025-925 BC)

KingRelationship to Previous KingGod's Judgment

Saul none did evil

Ishbosheth* son (unknown)

David none did right

Solomon (AKA Jedidiah) son did right in youth,

evil in old age

* The kingdom was divided during Ishbosheth's reign;

David was king over the tribe of Judah.

the divided kingdom
The Divided Kingdom

Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Kings of Israel (c 925-721 BC)

King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment

Rehoboam son did evil Jeroboam servant did evil

Abijam (AKA Abijah) son did evil

Asa son did right Nadab son did evil Baasha none did evil

Elah son did evil Zimri captain did evil

Omri captain did evil Ahab son did evil

Jehoshaphat son did right Ahaziah son did evil

Jehoram (AKA Joram) son of Ahab did evil

the divided kingdom1
The Divided Kingdom

Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Kings of Israel (c 925-721 BC)

King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment

Jehoram (AKA Joram) son of Ahab did evil

Jehoram (AKA Joram) son did evil

Ahaziah (AKA Azariah or Jehoahaz) son did evil

Athaliah mother did evil Jehu captain mixed

Joash (AKA Jehoash) son of Ahaziah

did right in youth,

evil in old age

Jehoahaz son did evil

Joash (AKA Jehoash) son did evil

Amaziah son did right in youth,

evil in old age

the divided kingdom2
The Divided Kingdom

Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Kings of Israel (c 925-721 BC)

King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment

Jeroboam II son did evil

Uzziah (AKA Azariah) son did right Zachariah son did evil

Shallum none did evil (surmised)

Menahem none did evil

Pekahiah son did evil

Pekah captain did evil

Jotham son did right

Ahaz son did evil

Hoshea none did evil

Hezekiah son did right Assyrian captivity - 721 BC

the divided kingdom3
The Divided Kingdom

Kings of Judah (c 925-586 BC) Continued

King /Relationship to Previous King /God's Judgment

Manasseh son did evil

Amon son did evil

Josiah son did right

Jehoahaz (AKA Shallum) son did evil

Jehoiakim (AKA Eliakim) son of Josiah did evil

Jehoiachin (AKA Coniah or Jeconiah) son did evil

Zedekiah (AKA Mattaniah) son of Josiah did evil

Babylonian captivity -- 586 BC

the earlier prophets
The Earlier Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations

1200 Joshua Book of Joshua Israel.

1050 Samuel Book of Samuel

850 Elijah I Kings 17-21, II Kings 11 - 211

NB. Like Enoch (Gen 521-24) Elijah did not die an ordinary death (2Kings211) This sets a precedent both for the belief in an afterlife and in Elijah's return.

850 Micaiah I Kings 228-29 Israel.

825 Elisha II Kings 2 - 10 Israel.

the writing prophets
The Writing Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations

750 Amos Book of Amos Israel.

740-730 Hosea Book of Hosea Israel.

  • The Assyrians destroy the northern kingdom of Israel in 722/721.

742-695 Isaiah (1) Book of Isaiah (1-39) Jerusalem (Judah).

730-701 Micah Book of Micah Judah.

the writing prophets1
The Writing Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations

630-622 Zephaniah Book of Zephaniah Judah.

627-580 Jeremiah Book of Jeremiah Judah.

After 612 Nahum Book of Nahum Location uncertain

605-600 Habakkuk Book of Habakkuk Judah.

593-570 Ezekiel Book of Ezekiel Babylon

  • The Babylonians destroy Jerusalem and Exile Judah in 587/586.
the writing prophets2
The Writing Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations

After 587 Obadiah Book of Obadiah Judah.

540 Isaiah (2) Book of Isaiah (40-55) Babylon

520 Haggai Book of Haggai Jerusalem.

520-515 Zechariah Book of Zechariah Jerusalem.

515? Isaiah(3?) Book of Isaiah (56-66) Jerusalem.

the writing prophets3
The Writing Prophets

Approximate Date (BCE) Prophet Biblical Source Probable locations

Before 458 Malachi Book of Malachi Jerusalem.

400-350 Joel Book of Joel Jerusalem.

Uncertain Jonah Book of Jonah Nineveh

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