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Depth of Knowledge (DOK). What is Depth of Knowledge (DOK)?. R efers to the complexity of thinking skills that a task requires. NOT determined by the verb of the task/skill (define, describe, analyze), but the context in which the verb/skill is used and the depth of thinking required.

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what is depth of knowledge dok
What is Depth of Knowledge (DOK)?
  • Refers to the complexity of thinking skills that a task requires.
  • NOTdetermined by the verb of the task/skill (define, describe, analyze), but the context in which the verb/skill is used and the depth of thinking required.
dok is about complexity not difficulty
DOK is about complexity— not difficulty!

Level 1: requires students to use simple skills or abilities.

Level 2: includes the engagement of some mental processing beyond recalling.

Level 3: requires some higher level mental processing like reasoning, planning, and using evidence.

Level 4: requires complex reasoning, planning, developing, and thinking over an extended period of time

using the same verb more complexly
Using the Same Verb more Complexly

Level 1-Describe three characteristics of metamorphic rocks. (Simple recall)

Level 2-Describe the difference between metamorphic and igneous rocks. (Requires cognitive processing to determine the differences in the two rock types)

Level 3-Describe a model that you might use to represent the relationships that exist within the rock cycle. (Requires deep understanding of rock cycle and a determination of how best to represent it)

dok 1
DOK 1
  • Emphasis is on facts and simple recall of previously taught information. This also means following simple steps, recipes, or directions.
  • Can be difficult without requiring reasoning.
  • At DOK 1, students find “the right answer,” and there is no debating the “correctness,” it is either right or wrong.
dok level 1 examples
DOK Level 1 Examples
  • List animals that survive by eating other animals
  • Locate or recall facts found in text
  • Describe physical features of places
  • Determine the perimeter or area of rectangles given a drawing or labels
  • Identify elements of music using musical terminology
  • Identify basic rules for participating in simple games and activities
dok 2
DOK 2
  • Requires comparison of two or more concepts, finding similarities and differences, applying factual learning at the basic skill level.
  • Requires deeper knowledge than just the definition
  • Main idea
  • Students must explain “how” or “why” and often estimate or interpret to respond.
dok level 2 examples
DOK Level 2 Examples
  • Compare desert and tropical environments
  • Identify and summarize the major events, problem, solution conflicts in literary text
  • Explain the cause-effect of historical events
  • Predict a logical outcome based on information in a reading selection
  • Explain how good work habits are important at home, school and on the job.
  • Classify plane and three dimensional figures
  • Describe various styles of music
dok 3
DOK 3
  • Students must reason or plan to find an acceptable solution to a problem.
  • More than one correct response or approach is possible.
  • Requires complex or abstract thinking, and application of knowledge or skill in a new and unique situation.
slide10

DOK Level 3 Examples

  • Compare consumer actions and analyze how these actions impact the environment
  • Analyze or evaluate the effectiveness of literary elements ( e.g. characterization, setting, point of view, conflict and resolution)
  • Solve a multiple-step problem and provide support with a mathematical explanation that justifies the answer
  • Develop a scientific model for a complex idea
  • Propose and evaluate solutions for an economic problem
  • Create a dance that represents the characteristics of a culture
dok 4
DOK 4
  • At this level, students typically identify a problem, plan a course of action, enact that plan, and make decisions based on collected data.
  • Usually involves more time than one class period.
  • Multiple solutions are possible.
  • Students often connect multiple content areas to come up with unique and creative solutions.
dok level 4 examples
DOK Level 4 Examples
  • Gather, analyze, organize, and interpret information from multiple sources to draft a reasoned report
  • Analyzing author’s craft (e.g. style, bias, literary techniques, point of view)
  • Create an exercise plan applying the FITT Principle(frequency, intensity time and type)
  • Analyze and explain multiple perspectives or issues within or across time periods, events or cultures
  • Write and produce an original play
some general rules of thumb
Some general rules of thumb…

If there is only one correct answer, it is probably level DOK 1 or DOK 2

  • DOK 1: you either know or you don’t
  • DOK 2 (conceptual): apply one concept, then make a decision before going on and applying a second concept

If more than one solution/approach, requiring evidence, it is DOK 3 or 4

  • DOK 3: Must provide supporting evidence and reasoning (not just HOW solved, but WHY – explain reasoning)
  • DOK 4: all of “3” + use of multiple sources or texts
dok tasks activity
DOK Tasks Activity
  • As a table group, you will DOK tasks. You’ll need a set of task cards.
  • Deal the DOK task cards out to members at the table.
  • Lay out the 4 “DOK Example” headers on the table.
  • First person places one of the task cards under the appropriate header, explaining the rationale for the placement.
  • The table group confirms the placement or comes to consensus for another placement---be sure to articulate the rationale for the placement using DOK rubrics.
  • Continue and repeat the process until all tasks have been DOK’ed.