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The Work with Terms in Scientific Research. Structure of Course. Terms as means of mental work 2. Functions of terms and purposes of term formation Types of terms Types of definitions Classifications. If the terms are not right, then the words are not right, then the works not arise.

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the work with terms in scientific research

The Work with Terms in Scientific Research

Structure of Course

  • Terms as means of mental work
  • 2. Functions of terms and purposes of term formation
  • Types of terms
  • Types of definitions
  • Classifications
slide2
If the terms are not right,

then the words are not right,

then the works not arise.

So make sure in the words everything is ok.

Lao Tse (300 B.C.)

Chinese Philosopher

scientific terms the semantic triangle
Scientific Terms – The Semantic Triangle

subject

chooses

depend from interests and

purposes

uses

means

sign, symbol

word

complex of characteristics

reflects

things, characteristics

and relations

names

object

slide4
A Term is a complex of characteristics of particular objects in relationship with a word or sign.

Content of terms: complex of characteristics

Extent of term: set of objects

The higher the content of a term, the smaller is its extent.

 Content and extent of a term are reciprocally proportional.

functions of terms
Functions of terms

-> function of acquisition

-> function of processing

-> function of orderliness

-> function of exchange

function of acquisition
Function of acquisition

Making of statements

logical subject ------------- logical predicate

about this expression this expression makes the

a statement is made statement about the

logical subject

function of orderliness
Function of Orderliness

personality traits

cognitive

personality traits

affective

personality traits

psycho-motor

personality traits

cognitive

abilities

skills

attitudes

interests

knowlege

function of orderliness1
Function of Orderliness

soups

clear soup

broth

vegetable

soup

flour

soup

sweet

soup

national

soup

function of exchange
Function of exchange

message

sender

receiver

coding

decoding

  • problem of different coding
  • problem of different interpretation
purposes of term formation
Purposes of term formation

Purpose of communication

Purpose of cognition

function of exchange

function of acquisition

Function of orderliness

Function of processing

analogy between means of mental work and tools of craft
Analogy between means of mental work and tools of craft

Conclusions for the work with scientific terms

Tools of craft

  • must be used appropriately
  • „the right tool for the right purpose“

the right theory for the right purpose and the right

terms for the right purpose

- must be sharp / in a good condition

terms must be clearly defined

- must be properly sorted

the systematic of the terms must be without

contradictions

types of terms
Types of Terms

Aspects of classification

Types of terms

workaday term

or

scientific term

kind of accruement

term of image

or

term of connection

type of merit

property term

or

relationship term

number of positions

zero term

or

single term

or

general term

number of elements

types of terms1
Types of Terms

Aspects of classification

Types of terms

metalinguistic term

or

objectlinguistic term

semantic reference

level

concrete term

or

abstract term

abstraction level

classificatory term

or

intensity term

capability of differentiation

terms of image and terms of connection
Terms of image and terms of connection

Making of statements

logical subject ------------- logical predicate

about this expression this expression makes the

a statement is made statement about the

logical subject

scientific terms the semantic triangle1
Scientific Terms – The Semantic Triangle

subject

chooses

depend from interests and

purposes

uses

means

sign, symbol

word

complex of characteristics

reflects

things, characteristics

and relations

names

object

slide16
An inhabitant of crete affirms,

all cretan lie.

Is the statement tue or not true?

definition of an intensity term
Definition of an intensity term

description of the attribute

(qualitative part of definition

description of the value

of attribute

(quantitative part of definition)