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HALO™ Rollover Occupant Protection System Development to Application. Introduction: SEI Background and Rollover Injuries. Safety Engineering International (SEI) – Designers of HALO™: Mr. Friedman and Mr. Grzebieta have been researching crashworthiness for more than 30 years.

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introduction sei background and rollover injuries
Introduction:SEI Background and Rollover Injuries
  • Safety Engineering International (SEI) – Designers of HALO™:
    • Mr. Friedman and Mr. Grzebieta have been researching crashworthiness for more than 30 years.
    • SEI was founded to give fleet owners an alternative to traditional ROPS product.
    • SEI studied more than 100 different rollover tests and developed and tested 4 different prototypes of the HALO ROPS.
  • Advancements in Understanding How Rollover Injuries Occur:
    • NHTSA says, “roof crush causes injuries”, May 2009
    • IIHS says, “increase in SWR, reduces risk of fatal injury”
    • U of W says, “increased risk of spine injury when 3+ inches of roof crush”
halo description
HALO™ Description
  • The HALO™ is a comprehensive design which consists of an optimized tubular structure mounted on the vehicle roof, similar to a roof rack, in combination with internal B-pillar reinforcements hidden within the OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) plastic trim.
  • The HALO™ functions by tying all of the underlying vehicle’s vertical pillars together and reforming the vehicle’s trapezoidal cross-sectional shape while drawing on the internal reinforcement’s added vertical support.
  • The HALO™ does NOT interfere with any of the OEM internal safety equipment such as side seat and side curtain air bags and seatbelt pre-tensioners.
  • The HALO™ product does NOT add the additional hard points to the cabin area like conventional internal roll cages.
  • The HALO™ weight ranges 20 to 40 kilograms depending on the size of vehicle. The CG of the vehicle changes only slightly with the installation of the HALO™.
geometric effect on vehicles
Geometric Effect on Vehicles
  • Adding an external roll hoop changes the rolling geometry of the vehicle
  • Top row: Vehicle’s CG drops during rollover and then rises again;
  • Bottom row: Hoop maintains vehicle’s CG at constant height, thus reducing roof load on the trailing side.
dynamic rollover testing
Dynamic Rollover Testing
  • Jordan Rollover System (JRS) – 1993 Production Jeep Video
dynamic rollover testing1
Dynamic Rollover Testing
  • Road loading -1993 Production Jeep
  • The blue line shows the forces measured on the roadbed. The jagged line shows multiple significant impacts.
  • Road loading comparison – 1993 Jeep with and without HALO
  • Road loading -1993 Jeep with HALO™
  • The blue line here is now flattened out, showing minimal forces and a smooth roll.
testing results comparison halo rop jeep vs volvo xc90 vs production jeep
Testing Results ComparisonHALO ROP Jeep vs. Volvo XC90 vs. Production Jeep

Dynamic CrushSpeed

Dynamic CrushIntrusion

dolly rollover testing
Dolly Rollover Testing
  • Prototype 4 HALOTMafter a 3 roll dolly rollover test
dolly rollover testing results
Dolly Rollover Testing Results
  • Prototype 4 HALOTMafter a 3 roll dolly rollover test
real world rollover results
Real World Rollover Results
  • HALOTM protects TransCanada employees when they rollover in their Mitsubishi Triton Dual cab vehicle.
  • Both occupants were uninjured, the windows did not break preventing ejection, and there was no bending at the B-Pillar keeping the occupant survival space in tact.
advantages of halo rop system
Advantages of HALO ROP System
  • Protects front seat occupants by distributing loading across all structural components.
  • Limits crush and crush speed to maintain Occupant Survival Space and restraint function.
  • Deployment of seat and window curtain airbags.
  • Light weight design has little effect on the CG or payload capacity.
police agency vehicles
Police Agency Vehicles
  • U. S. Border Patrol had more than 33,000 vehicles in 2008
  • Seven on-duty agents were killed in rollover crashes in 18 months
  • Agent Pena only person to survive a rollover – Remains Quadriplegic
military fleet vehicles
Military Fleet Vehicles
  • U.S. Military Branches use 12 and 15 Passenger Vehicles for Troops
  • Fourteen Marines in rollover crash – 2 Killed – 12 Injured
  • Van Roof tented and match-boxed
retrofit 12 15 passenger vans

HALO™ roll hoops mounted to roof

  • Interior reinforcement Pillars added to existing structure
Retrofit: 12-15 Passenger Vans

Figure 17. Passenger van internal retrofit strengthening system

commercial fleet vehicles
Commercial Fleet Vehicles
  • Some fleets have more than 10,000 vehicles worldwide
  • Majority are light trucks, SUV’s and passenger vans
  • Many have internal company requirements for ROPS on vehicles
examples of poor rop systems internal roll bar and cage configurations
Examples of Poor ROP Systems Internal Roll Bar and Cage Configurations
  • Deficiencies in Rollovers:
    • Prohibits deployment of side window curtain airbags.
    • Decreased seat and restraints functionality.
    • Addition of steel structures increases head strike injury potential.
    • Decreased occupant compartment and cargo space functionality.
  • Doesn’t prevent A-Pillar collapse
sei duys presentation of halo rollover occupant protection system development to application

SEI - DUYS presentation of:HALO™ Rollover Occupant Protection SystemDevelopment to Application