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Building the Foundation for Global Enterprise Integration. Pat Snack GM Loaned Executive AIAG Automotive Industry Action Group (focus on P2B by Tim Thomasma). AIAG Overview. Globally recognized automotive trade association – provide standards direction

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building the foundation for global enterprise integration

Building the Foundation for Global Enterprise Integration

Pat SnackGM Loaned Executive AIAGAutomotive Industry Action Group

(focus on P2B by Tim Thomasma)

slide2

AIAG Overview

  • Globally recognized automotive trade association – provide standards direction
  • Solve industry business problems to improve operations and trading partner collaborations
  • Focus: common business processes and technical solutions, implementation guidelines and education and training
  • Manufacturing has always been in scope
strategic relationships specific to integration
Strategic Relationships(Specific to Integration)
  • JAMA/JAPIA (Japan)
  • ODETTE / VDA (Europe)
  • STAR/NADA (Automotive Retail and Dealers)
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
  • KorBIT (Asia-Pacific Test Environment)
  • Enterprise Interoperability Centre (EIC-Europe)
  • PDES (STEP standard for design data)
strategic relationships cont d
StrategicRelationships cont’d)
  • National Standards: ANSI
  • International Standards Organizations: UN/CEFACT, ISO, IEC, ITU and Management MOU Group
  • OAGi
  • Reciprocal memberships with OASIS, WS-I
slide5

AIAG Standards Development Model

Global Companies

Government Regulation

(US, EU, Japan)

Standards to Run Business

Resources

Compliance

  • Automotive Implementation Guideline
  • Process
  • Data Formats
  • Technical Solutions
  • Regional Standards and Standards Development Organizations
  • ANSI
  • SASIG
  • OASIS
  • WS-I
  • International
  • Standards
  • UN/CEFACT
  • ISO
  • ITU
  • IEC
  • WTO
  • WCO
  • Examples:
  • Material Replenishment
  • Ergonomics
  • Safety
  • Warranty
  • Technology
  • - Bar Coding
  • - EDI/XML
  • - RFID
  • - STEP
  • Volunteers
  • Define Best
  • Practices:
  • Solve business problems
  • Develop technical solutions
  • Validate

Integration Cost

Compliance Costs

Trading Partner Collaboration

slide6
Global acceptance

You control your own destiny if you have standards

Open standards lower costs

International - International Standards Organizations (ISO)

Regional - American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

Industry

Corporate - GM 1737

GM 1737 bar codes are fully compliant with ISO/ANSI/AIAG standards

GM 1737 is fully compliant with GMNA verification and traceability requirements

Practical Standards Application

(in P2B Quality and Traceability we start by harmonizing several specific company standards)

IS&S Global Manufacturing & Quality

b2b communication framework

Definition Languages

SemanticDefinitions

Policies

Profiles

&

B2B Communication Framework

DOM, Java Beans, JAX(X), .NET, SAX, Portal frameworks and related specs WSRP, JSR168, etc.

(why AIAG always wants to drive standards convergence)

UBL, OAGIS BODS,

UNSPSC, VICS, PIDX, GISB, xCBL,

etc.

APIs

XML, XML Schema, WSDL 1.1/1.2, XSLT.

R e g i s t r y

Management

SNMP, JMX, WBEM, note: standards gaps exist in all areas of Change, Operational, Service Level, and Audit Management

ebXML Registry, CPP/CPA, UDDI 2.0/3.0

Business Process and Transaction Services

ExtendedMessaging Infrastructure

Base Messaging Infrastructure

Transports

ebXML Messaging, AS1, AS2, WS Authorization, SAML, WS Federation, WS Reliability, WSReliable Messaging, WS Security, WS Trust, WS Policy, XML Signature, XML Encryption,

XACML.

Application Server

Operating System

WSCI, BPML,

ebXML BPSS, WS-BPEL,

Business Transaction Protocol,

WS-Transaction

TCP, IP v3, HTTP(S), FTP, SMTP

SOAP 1.1, 1.2, SOAP with Attachments, DIME, WS Addressing, WS Routing, ebXML Messaging

J2EE, .NET

slide8

AIAG Automotive B2B Vision

AIAG Interoperability Approach

  • Consistent use of international standards to express business process design and data
  • Harmonize business global vocabularies
  • Utilize test environments to validate solutions
  • Provide industry users consumable artifacts to run business
aiag project management approach
AIAG Project Management Approach

Core Components – ISO UN/CEFACT

GEFEG

EDIFIX

Tool

JAI

Joint Automotive

Data Model

AIAG

JAMA/JAPIA

Odette

STAR

XML Schema – OAGIS BODs

Modeling - UML/UMM

Project Management Process

Consistent

Work Templates

POC Testing

Environment

So far P2B has used these and the Rational Software Architect tool

Regional

Global

slide10

AIAG Project Management Process

2nd Qtr 2006

AIAG Governance

8/22/06

Idea

Acceptance

Pre-Plan

Define

/ Model

Analyze

Phase Gate

Project

Nominated

These phases may be repeated as needed

“Call to Action”

Project Qualification

Organize Work Groups

OK toPre-plan

Obtain Resources & Leadership

Define Overall

Charter

Current State

Build

Project Phases

Ideal State

Validate

Business Case Definition

Develop Project Plan

Deploy

Build Guideline

Gap Analysis

Prepare for Kick-Off

Internal Review

Future State

POC Testing

Stakeholder review

  • Narrative of:
    • - Current State
    • Ideal State
    • Gap Analysis
    • - Future State

Guideline

Project Charter

  • Business Case
  • -Governance
  • Model
  • -Project Scope
  • -Resource
  • Needs
  • Cost/Benefit

Communication

Plan

Project Plan

  • Business Process Model
  • - Use Case Narrative and Diagrams
  • - Activity Flow Diagram
  • Sequence Diagrams
  • Collaboration Diagrams

Templates & Work Products

Kick-off Meeting

  • January 2007
  • 2 P2B projects:
  • Quality/Traceability
  • Technical Framework
auto manufacturers need flexibility and agility
Auto Manufacturers Need Flexibility and Agility
  • Effective, Agile Product Launches
  • Global Integration and Collaboration
    • Materials and Manufacturing
    • Engineering
    • Quality
  • Sense and respond to problems quickly
  • Enable end-to-end data visibility
automotive manufacturing 43 000 suppliers 14 000 parts per vehicle
Automotive Manufacturing: 43,000 Suppliers, 14,000 Parts Per Vehicle

Source: Tony Friscia, President & CEO, AMR Research, 08Dec05 “AMR Update:

Current Trends in IT Spending”

slide13

AIAG Project Work

  • Inventory Visibility & Interoperability: Phase 2 – eKanban
  • ATHENA Grant Project (Europe—potential funding source)
  • RFID
  • Materials Off-shore Sourcing
  • Early Warning Standards-Warranty
  • eAPQP-Advanced Product Quality Planning
  • Quality Metrics – Gauge Integration
  • Plant Floor to Business (P2B)
slide14

Capabilities Being Tested

  • Semantic integration at payload level
  • Schema structures
  • Reliable and secure messaging with addressing
  • Web Services transport based on RAMP (Reliable Asynchronous Messaging Profile)
  • Collaboration with WS-I on Reliable Secure Profile (RSP) – stabilize cross industry
ekanban how everybody started doing b2b on web

Supplier

S

eKanban(how everybody started doing B2B on web)

Supplier has two customers

What if they had five???

Customer

SV with data from ERP

(ERP gets data from plant system)

IV

Tool A

C1

Hosted by 3rd Party Exchange

IV

Tool B

Customer

data from plant system

C2

Hosted by C2

tool a screenshot
Tool A: Screenshot

Supplier View – Customer 1

slide17

Tool B: Screenshot

Supplier View – Customer 2

iv i software tools interoperate using aiag solution
IV&I: Software Tools InteroperateUsing AIAG Solution

Customer

data from ERP

Supplier selects tool

of choice

Tool A

C1

Supplier

S

eKanban BODs & Protocol

Tool B

Customer

data from plant system

C2

slide20

IV&I Phase 1 Published Artifacts (IBP-1)

IVI Business Processes

  • Min/Max
  • Kanban
  • Sequencing
  • Schedules and Forecast

IVI Business Processes

  • SyncShipment
  • SyncQOH
  • SyncDelivery Receipt

IVI Data Messages (XML BODs)

For P2B Transport: Web Services plus OPC-UA for device communication

IVI Transport

(ebXML)

IVI Transport

(Web Services)

POC Whitepaper I-1

Note: Completed item

slide21

AIAG Automotive B2B Vision

Plant Floor to Business

  • Lead participants: Ford, GM, Honda, American Axle, IBM, Rockwell Automation, Siemens
  • Build automotive industry model to support larger integration effort by ISA-95, OAGi, MIMOSA, WBF and OPC
    • Use case scenarios
    • Data terminology and formats
    • Contribute to schema design based on industry requirements
  • 45 companies have now joined
manufacturing interoperability guideline working group mig
Manufacturing Interoperability Guideline Working Group (MIG)

Process, Discrete, and Mixed-Mode Manufacturers

ISA

WBF

OAGi

OPC

MIMOSA

Mfg IOP Standards Customer Advisory Council(~30 large mfrs with ARC support)

Mfg IOP Guideline Working Group(a collaborative venture)

Advice & Direction

Business

scenarios

Technologies

Unified needs

Deliverables:

  • Converge OAGIS, B2MML, and ISA-95
  • Converge MIMOSA and OPC w/above
  • Converge OMAC and Make 2Pack w/above
manufacturing interoperability guideline working group mig23
Manufacturing Interoperability Guideline Working Group (MIG)

Process, Discrete, and Mixed-Mode Manufacturers

ISA

WBF

OAGi

OPC

MIMOSA

Mfg IOP Standards Customer Advisory Council(~30 large mfrs with ARC support)

Mfg IOP Guideline Working Group(a collaborative venture)

Advice & Direction

Business

scenarios

Technologies

Unified needs

Deliverables:

  • Converge OAGIS, B2MML, and ISA-95
  • Converge MIMOSA and OPC w/above
  • Converge OMAC and Make 2Pack w/above
slide24

Generic Manufacturing Business Functions

Engineering Systems

Shop Floor Systems

ERP/SCM Systems

PLM

ERP

  • Project Planning
  • Production Planning
  • Scheduling
  • Inventory Tracking

CAPP

  • Eng Documents
  • Eng BOM
  • CAD Models
  • Images
  • Change Mgmt
  • Process Planning
  • Instruction Authoring

Supplier

Mgt

  • Purchasing
  • Supplier Quality
  • Scheduling

MES

  • Work Order Execution
  • Data Collection
  • Labor Collection

Asset

Mgt

Labor Reporting

Systems

  • Accountability
  • Maintenance
  • Disposition

QA

T&A

HR

  • Inspection Plans
  • Defect Tracking
  • Personnel
  • Training
  • Qualification
ford motor company p2b integration drivers ideal state

Complexity

App 2

App 1

App 4

App 3

App 5

App 6

App 7

Ford Motor Company – P2B IntegrationDrivers – Ideal State
  • Domain Key Entities
  • Vehicle Orders
  • Stock Replenishment Orders
  • Order Schedule
  • Domain Key Processes
  • Accept Vehicle Customer Orders
  • Enter Order into Production &
  • Delivery Process
  • - Document & Monitor Orders

Order

Management

Domain

Vehicle Order

Schedule

Interactions

  • Domain Key Processes
  • Make Product
  • Package Product
  • Schedule & Perform
  • Maintenance

Manufacturing

Domain

Order

Status

  • Domain Key Entities
  • Vehicle
  • Part
p2b scenario 1 traceability quality
P2B Scenario 1: Traceability/Quality

ERP/SCM Systems

Supplier Systems

Shop Floor Systems

MES

Component / Assembly Identification

ERP

* Work Order

Execution

* Data Collection

  • Scheduling
  • Inventory Tracking
  • Genealogy

Component / Assembly Identification

QA

* Work Order

Execution

* Data Collection

Order Content/Sequence (broadcast)

Component / Assembly Identification

Order Defect Status

MES

* Inspection Plans

* Defect Tracking

Defects

Order Content/Sequence (broadcast)

Order Defect Status

Order Content/Sequence (broadcast)

Order Defect Status

Supplier

Mgt

Shipping / Production Holds / Release

QA

  • Purchasing
  • Supplier Quality
  • Scheduling

* Inspection Plans

* Defect Tracking

slide27

Why We Need Traceability

  • Rapid sense and respond to problems
    • Incoming part quality
    • Manufacturing defects
    • Feedback from warranty data and consumer related reporting
  • Need to root cause the problem – need supplier data: serial number, lot number, etc.
  • Government mandates
  • Continuous improvement
slide28

P2B Work Products

  • Business Process Work Group:
    • Use cases, data field list and messages
    • Alignment discussions with other AIAG projects
  • Technical Framework Work Group:
    • Infrastructure requirements
    • Reference architecture
  • AIAG Enterprise Interoperability Showcase – Rock Financial, Novi, MI on November 15, 2006
p2b business process group
P2B BusinessProcess Group
  • You reviewed the use cases and data fields earlier this week
  • Other AIAG projects producing similar content:
    • Early Warning System – Warranty
    • eAPQP
    • Dimensional Markup Language
    • Quality Measurement Data Standard
  • Other similar content:
    • Material Safety Data Sheets
    • STAR RepairOrder
p2b technical framework group
P2B TechnicalFramework Group

Draft reference architecture

Will be distributed for review in February

next steps
Next Steps
  • AIAG BOD Team working on EWS-Warranty now. Ready for us in March.
  • Preparation until then:
    • UML Class Diagrams
    • Identify key interactions in the sequence diagrams, and subsets of data for each
    • Begin BOD construction using GEFEG tool
  • Begin planning for Proof of Concept
slide32

In Summary

  • Have instituted a structured approach to solving business problems:
    • Based on international standards
    • Addresses both process and technical solve
  • Undertaking several simultaneous projects across the manufacturing enterprise
  • Cooperatively working with other organizations
slide33

For Further Information

  • Pat Snack – psnack@aiag.org
  • www.aiag.org
  • P2B
    • Tim Thomasma – tthomasm@ford.com
    • Steve Rudelic – srudelic@aiag.org
  • AIAG Enterprise Interoperability Showcase – Rock Financial, Novi, MI on November 15, 2006