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European Media. Clare Murphy. Overview. World’s second smallest continent 3,930,000 sq mi 50 countries; 27 EU member states Democratic governments – parliamentary style with symbolic heads of state Population: 739,165,030 Euro zone GDP: US$17.55 trillion/€12.629 trillion (2011)

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European media

European Media

Clare Murphy


Overview
Overview

  • World’s second smallest continent

    • 3,930,000 sq mi

  • 50 countries; 27 EU member states

  • Democratic governments – parliamentary style with symbolic heads of state

  • Population: 739,165,030

  • Euro zone GDP: US$17.55 trillion/€12.629 trillion (2011)

    • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-13361934


Languages
Languages

  • In the EU, English (34%) is the most widely known second language.

  • Followed by German (12%) and French (11%).

  • Spanish and Russian are spoken as a foreign language by 5% of Europeans.

  • Smaller EU member states, have the best language skills as their native language is not widely spoken.

    • Luxembourg – 99%

    • Italy, Spain, Portugal – 64%



Press freedom1
Press Freedom

Central and Eastern Europe/Eurasia

Western Europe


Pan european media companies
Pan-European Media Companies

  • Multilingual news television channel with a Pan-European perspective

  • Rolling news channel

  • 155 countries

  • “No Comment” segment

    • http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLKaga4lkTL0KilWyDq6IL0-WqiNiXFu4Y

  • http://www.euronews.com/


Belgium
Belgium

  • Population: 10.7 million

  • Capital: Brussels - EU

  • Languages: Dutch, French, German

  • GNI per capita: US $45,910 (2010)

    • Member of euro zone

  • Best European legislation for protecting sources

  • Media ownership is highly concentrated based on region

  • Online

    • 8.5 million internet users

    • Netlog – 80 million users

  • Television/Radio

    • Flanders: VRT

      • Radio 1, Studio Brussels, RVI

    • Wallonia: RTBF

      • La Premiere, Classic 21, RTBF International

    • Euronews

    • Actua-TV

      • http://www.actua.tv/

  • Press

    • Het LaatsteNieuws

      • Flemmish

      • 292,410 copies

    • Het Nieuwsblad

      • 210,000 copies

      • “a broad view”

    • SudPresse

      • French

      • 115,838 copies


Greece
Greece

  • Population: 11.4 million

  • Language: Greek

  • GNI per capita: US $25,030 (2011)

    • Member of euro zone

  • Television/Radio

    • TV

      • ERT – public, entertainment based/regional news

      • Mega TV, ANT1, Alpha TV – major private stations

    • Radio

      • Several commercial networks – Antenna FM, Athena 984 (first non-state radios)

      • ERA – public radio

  • Limits on speech

  • Publications exist that are obscene, offend religious beliefs or advocate violent overthrow of the government

  • Public/private media are generally free from government control, but state-owned stations will have pro-government bias

  • Media owners have close relationship with government officials – lack of debate surrounding key issues

  • 2007 media law

    • Radio must be broadcast in Greek

    • Radio stations must hold a designated amount of money/full time staff

  • Growing violence against journalists

  • Financial crisis – media cuts

  • Press

    • Eleftherotypia

      • “freedom of the press”; independent voice

      • Went on strike in December 2011

    • Kathimerini

      • New Democracy; Right Wing

  • Online

    • 53 percent


Press issues
Press Issues

  • HUMO Magazine

  • November 2008

  • published several satirical photo montages of Sylvie Ricour, commenting on her controversial appointment as secretary to the Federal Police Chief FernandKoekelberg

  • Obscene content; 250 euros for each copy of the magazine remaining on newsstands

  • “became an open and chosen target of a section of the militants. Home-made explosives made out of gas canisters have been used against several media and several journalists received regular death threats.” – RWB

  • Revolutionary Sect

    • “Journalists, this time we came to your door, next time you will find us inside”

  • Self censorship

  • http://www.france24.com/en/20100719-greek-journalist-giolias-shot-dead-athens-police-suspect-terrorist-group

Belgium

Greece


Coverage
Coverage

  • Euro zone crisis, London Olympics

    • Within Europe

      • http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/interactive/2012/oct/17/eurozone-crisis-interactive-timeline-three-years

    • American viewpoint

      • Greece

      • Television/newspaper coverage