Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use"
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BIOTECHNOLOGY By Anila Rani Pullagura
BIOTECHNOLOGY • Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products. • any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use • For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculture, food production, and medicine.
BRANCHES OF BIOTECHNOLOGY • A series of derived terms have been coined to identify several branches of biotechnology: • Bioinformatics - is an interdisciplinary field which addresses biological problems using computational techniques, and makes the rapid organization as well as analysis of biological data possible. • Blue biotechnology - is a term that has been used to describe the marine and aquatic applications of biotechnology, but its use is relatively rare. • Green biotechnology - is biotechnology applied to agricultural processes. • Red biotechnology is applied to medical processes. • White biotechnology-also known as industrial biotechnology, is biotechnology applied to industrial processes.
IMPORTANCE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY • A wide variety of microorganisms are now being employed as tools in biotechnology to produce useful products or services. • Raw materials can be converted to useful finished products. • Biotechnologically produced organic acids like citric acid, acetic acid, gluconic acid, D-Lactic acid, fumaric acid, etc. also has very high market value. • Biotechnology is widely used in pharmacy to create more efficient and less expensive drugs.
EXAMPLE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY • Yogurt • Streptococcus Thermophillus • Lactobacillus Bulgaricus • Cheese • Lactobacillus lactis • Propioni Bacterium
FORENSIC APPLICATIONS • DNA fingerprinting is the classic example of forensic applications. • It is used in law enforcement and cyber investigation. • It was used in 1987 in England. • It is used to identify human remains • It is also used for paternity test. • It is also used to identify species remains.
MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY • In the modern biotechnology people attempt can produce products effectively and efficiently. • It is based on manipulation or DNA engineering. • It is not only limited to food industry it covers many fields. • It covers genetic engineering, pollution management , creation of energy source
PRODUCTS OF MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY • There are wide varieties of products that the biotechnology has produced. • More than 65% of biotech company in USA are involved in pharmaceuticals. • Genetic developed humulin (human insulin) to treat diabetes. • It was the first biotech drug the FDA approved.
ABOUT ANILA RANI PULLAGURA Mrs. Anila Rani Pullagura pioneered the domain of Biotechnology. She has done master degree and pursuing PhD in Biotechnology. She had 7 years teaching experience and 4 years research experience in the field of biotechnology, her areas of interest is Biochemical engineering, Design of bioreactors, Modification of purifying methods in downstream processing. She always participating in journals, conferences and seminars. Conference/workshops attended : Anila Rani, P.Rajeswari, Mvidyashess Vidya, V.Rao,” impact of dissolved oxygen concentration on key parameters and production of recombinant proteins using fermentation process “ national conference on emerging trends in bioprocessing & simulation,ppTP16,2013.
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