THE MOST EXPENSIVE SPICE IN THE WORLD. From $500 to $5,000 per lb. Saffron. Crocus Sativus. Thrives where hot and dry summer breezes sweep semi-arid lands. Survive cold winters, as low as −10 °C and short periods of snow cover. Grow best in full sunlight. . The Plains of La Mancha.
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From $500 to $5,000 per lb
Survive cold winters, as low as −10 °C and short periods of snow cover.
Grow best in full sunlight.
50,000–75,000 flowers = 1 lb dry saffron
the equivalent of a football pitch
Documentation over 4,000 years -
used to treat some 90 illnesses
Remedies, Magical Potions, Dyes, Perfumes, Body washes, Potpourris, Mascaras, Ointments, Woven in Textiles, Divine offerings, and Medical treatments.
In the past, cultivated over a remarkably large surface area.
1970,s = world´s largest producer 6000 hectares.
Total acreage under cultivation has since decreased to less than 100 hectares.
Cleopatra used saffron in her baths so that lovemaking would be more pleasurable.
Alexander the Great used Persian saffron in his infusions, rice, and baths as a curative for battle wounds
Supposedly saffron is grown in Kashmir, principallyto offer it to the Buddha.
Buddhist monks wear saffron-coloured robes;
however, the robes are not dyed with
costly saffron but turmeric
Mediterranean Pirates would ignore gold & Jewellery and instead steal saffron bound
The 14 week "Saffron War"
800lbsaffron hijacked by nobles.
(today valued more than $500,000)
Basle became RICH.
Spread through England.
Especially Norfolk and Suffolk.
In Essex Saffron Walden, emerged as England's prime saffron growing and trading centre.
Grades: IV (Poorest), III, II, And I
Finest Quality no more than
0.5 Per Cent Of “Floral Waste”.
Iran: 300 tons (97% of world production)
Kashmir: 6 tons
Greece: 5 tons
Azerbaijan: 3.70 tons
Spain: 1 ton
Morocco: 0.8 ton.
Italy: 100 kg
Turkey: 10 kg
Switzerland : 1 kg
Rarely available outside India.
Turmeric, Paprika, etc
As well as
netted £40 million.
Local production = 1,500 kilos.
Remainder poor-quality imports from Iran, Morocco and Greece.
Spain….Major importer countries of Iran’s saffron.
Barely one per cent of saffron labelled as Spanish is actually grown in the country.