slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Middle East—Seventh Century The Byzantines PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Middle East—Seventh Century The Byzantines

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 11

The Middle East—Seventh Century The Byzantines - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

The Middle East—Seventh Century The Byzantines. Two Great Empires Byzantine West and Sassanian Persian East Reached an Arrangement with Clans Among the Arabs Ghassanids for the Byzantines Lakkhmids—Iranian. The 6th Century, the Empress Theodora.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Middle East—Seventh Century The Byzantines' - ania

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Two Great EmpiresByzantine West and Sassanian Persian EastReached an Arrangement with Clans Among the ArabsGhassanids for the ByzantinesLakkhmids—Iranian

The 6th Century, the Empress Theodora


Byzantine Empire at 600 CEMauriceTitle of AugustusCapitol ConstantinopleReligion ChristianitySenate, ConsulsLaws Based on JustinianLatin the Official LanguageGreek Language of Learning and Business

Justinian I


Fourth and Fifth Centuries Towns Self-governingTown had Councils and Collected TaxesMonumental Baths, Theaters, Colonnaded Streets; Sixth Century All ChangedTowns lost Political and Financial AutonomyGovernors Appointed by Imperial Authority; Civic Revenues ConfiscatedChurches and Monastic Building Built; No Large Scale Civic Buildings


541 CE Bubonic Plague—1/3EarthquakesBeirut Flourishing Intellectual and Legal Center540 Persians Sacked Antioch573 Apamea582 Basra Sacked by GhassanidsByzantines Arrested ChiefAvars and Slavs


Loss of Population and Constant WarsArmy; Recruit Armenians and ArabsEmpire Rural and AgrarianStill Mediterranean TradeTrade Carried on at FairsPilgrimage Centers, Monasteries, and ChurchesNo Trace of Local Self-governmentLost Classical Aspects—End of 6th

Gold showing Maurice


Syria and EgyptLanguage ; Ethnic Identity; Urban Greek Speaking ; Classical CulturalAntioch and Alexandria; Vernacular (Coptic and Aramaic)Village Culture and Pastoral People; No Taste for Urban LifeCoexisted; Decline of Urban WorldAscendancy of Vernacular World

Maurice in consular uniform.


Bulk of Egyptians and Syrians were MonophysitesGovernment was DiophysiteMonophysites Deep Distrust of any Representation of DivinityMonophysite Chruch used VernacularSyriac—Aramaic; Still UsedIn Syria Rural Monasteries Far From the CityGovernment PersecutionGhassanids Money and Refuge for Persecuted

Phocas wearing consular uniform on a coin.


Political ProblemsMaurice and all his Family Murdered, 602 CEAlliance with Persian King Khusrau II ParvezMaurice Helped Khusrau; Secure the FrontierUsurper Phocas Incompetent; Khusrau Launched CampaignTook Antioch (613); Jerusalem (614)Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and Anatolian UplandsSoldier killed Phocas ; Heraclius

Gold solidus of Heraclius and his father in consular robes, struck during their revolt against Phocas


Heraculus Retook Lands from Persians628 Heraculus Entered CtesiphonRelic of True Cross Returned to JerusalemLong War Contributed to Urban DeclineLoyaltiesCity Walls and Fortification in Bad ShapeCyrus, Bishop of Phasis, Incompetent and Intolerant622 CE—Muhammad Made Hijra from Mecca to Median628 CE Year Muhammad Made Agreement with Mecca

The assassination of Khosrau II, in a Mughal manuscript of ca 1535, Persian poems are from Ferdowsi's Shahnameh