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S O N N E T S. Shakespeare 101. 14 lines (We’ll practice with Sonnet 18 ) Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? 
 Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
 Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May , And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

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s o n n e t s

S O N N E T S

Shakespeare 101

slide2

14 lines (We’ll practice with Sonnet 18)

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? 


Thou art more lovely and more temperate:


Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,


And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; 


And every fair from fair sometime declines,


By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd;


But thy eternal summer shall not fade


Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;


Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

When in eternal lines to time thou growest:

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,


So long lives this and this gives life to thee.

What a sonnet looks like

what a sonnet sounds like
What a sonnet sounds like
  • Iambic penta(tum)meter

Shall I / com PARE/ thee TO / a SUM / mer’s DAY?

Thou ART / more LOVE / ly AND / more TEM / per ATE

what a sonnet sounds like1
What a sonnet sounds like…

Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? a

Thou art more lovely and more temperate: b

Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, a

And summer's lease hath all too short a date: b 
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, c

And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; d 
And every fair from fair sometime declines, c

By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; d

But thy eternal summer shall not fade e

Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; f

Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, e

When in eternal lines to time thou growest: f

So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, g

So long lives this and this gives life to thee. g

abab

cdcd

efef

gg

how a sonnet is organized
How a sonnet is organized
  • First quatrain establishes a theme or a problem.

Speaker compares lover to summer

how a sonnet is organized1
How a sonnet is organized
  • Second quatrain extends or qualifies the theme or problem.

Speaker extends claim that he/she is lovelier than summer

how a sonnet is organized2
How a sonnet is organized
  • Third quatrain indicates a shift in thought.
    • Speaker explains how his lover’s beauty will never fade (like summer’s) because…
how a sonnet is organized3
How a sonnet is organized
  • A rhyming couplet resolves the poem and ends the conflict

Speaker immortalizes lover in his poem

how to analyze a shakespearian sonnet
How to analyze a Shakespearian sonnet
  • Pay attention to literary devices (what’s on your chart)
  • Paraphrase like you’ve never paraphrased before.
  • So, say it your own words. Go line by line and unpack the language so you get it. Then, you’ll be able to say what it means.