The University of Hong Kong MSc (CPM)/(RE) 2009/2010 Construction Safety Management (RECO6040) Introduction of Safety Management System By Professor Steve Rowlinson/Dr. Raglan H. C. Lam Date: 12th January 2010 Time: 18:30 hours – 21:30 hours Venue: The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Accident in Construction Site Dated 13/09/2009 From: Apple Daily
Accident in Construction Site Dated 13/09/2009 From: Oriental Daily
Case Study What is the possible cause of the problem?
Development of Safety Management System Hong Kong Industrial Safety Review in 1995 - to achieve high standards of safety and health at work. Pointed out - “the tradition of industrial safety culture in Hong Kong has been weak” Suggested - encouraging self-regulation through a safety management system.
Construction Safety Legislation Safety Legislation Based on the UK Practice: • Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulation It imposes obligations on the duty holders to implement an appropriate safety management system for improving the safety performance of the workplace. It also prescribes the requirements to conduct safety audits or reviews periodically.
Development of Safety Management System The general duties of employers were laid out in the Health and Safety at Work Act (1974) in the United Kingdom and were further enforced by the requirements of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1992. This Regulation, which came into operation in 1993, required proprietors to set up a safety management system in their workplaces.
Development of Safety Management System In U.K. from Enforcement Approach (Before 1974 Establish Regulation to Focus on Specific Operation) Trend to Self-regulation Approach (General Duties in 1974 & Safety Management System in 1992). In H.K. from Enforcement Approach (Before 1989 Establish Regulation to Focus on Specific Operation) Trend to Self-regulation Approach (General Duties in 1989 & Safety Management System in 1999)
Development of Safety Management System Self-regulation is defined as “the active involvement of the employers and employees, with minimum government intervention, to look after the safety and health matters in their own workplaces by implementing a safety management system in order to identify hazards, to work out preventive measures and to implement controls”. Dawson, Poynter & Stevens (1983)
Development of Safety Management System Pees, J. (1988) divided self-regulation into three categories -- total self-regulation (or voluntary self-regulation), mandated full self-regulation and mandated partial self-regulation.
Development of Safety Management System Total self-regulation involves the establishment of codes of practice and enforcement techniques within industries or professions which are quite independent from the government.
Development of Safety Management System In mandated full self-regulation, the government requires industries to establish a regulatory system with details of the regulations and the methods of enforcement determined by the industries.
Development of Safety Management System In mandated partial self-regulation, industries are required to specify at least some of the rules and / or to carry out some of the enforcement actions.
Development of Safety Management System Introducing the Safety Management Regulations in Hong Kong, is pushing forward a move from mandated partial self-regulation to mandated full self-regulation.
Development of Safety Management System The legislation aims to foster self-regulation and enhance co-operation between employers and employees. Proprietors of specific industrial undertakings and construction contractors of construction sites are required to implement safety management systems and conduct safety audits or safety reviews. This idea has come into operation with the introduction of the Factories and Industrial Undertaking (Safety Management) Regulation in April 2002.
Safety Management System A systematic approach is need to address three key questions: • Where are we now? • Where do we want to be? • How do we get there?
F&IU (Safety Management) Regulation • Enacted on 24th November 1999 • Implement on 1st April 2002 (Part I & Part II) • 10 Elements Only • Part III (Other 4 Elements) Review afterward
Safety Management What is “Safety” • Safety is described as a control of loss What is “Management System” • The classical approach: • plan • organise • lead • control • “Getting things done through others”
Safety Management Safety Management System means a system to provides safety management in an industrial undertaking Safety Management Planning, developing, organising & implementation of a safety policy Measuring, auditing or reviewing of the performance
F&IU (Safety Management) Regulation • Proprietors & Contractors of Construction Site Required to have SMS • 50 workers to 99 workers - Implement 8 elements & Conduct Safety Review every 6 months by Safety Review Officer • 100 workers or more - Implement 14 (10 only Today) elements & Conduct Safety Audit every 6 months by Registered Safety Auditor
F&IU (Safety Management) Regulation • Proprietors & Contractors of Shipyard, Factory & Designated Undertaking Required to have SMS • 50 workers to 99 workers - Implement 8 elements & Conduct Safety Review every 12 months by Safety Review Officer • 100 workers or more - Implement 14 (10 only Today) elements & Conduct Safety Audit every 12 months by Registered Safety Auditor
Safety Management System Elements of Safety Management System - 14 Elements: Part 1 1. Safety Policy 2. Safety Organisation 3. Safety Training 4. In-house Safety Rules 5. Safety Inspection Programme 6. Personal Protective Equipment Programme 7. Accident & Incident Investigation 8. Emergency Preparedness
Safety Management System Elements of Safety Management System - 14 Elements: Part 2 9. Evaluation, Selection and Control of Sub-contractors 10. Safety Committees Part 3 11. Evaluation of Job Related Hazards 12. Safety Promotion 13. Process Control Programme 14. Occupational Health Programme
Duties of Proprietor & Contractor Safety Audit & Safety Review Report • Proprietor or Contractor should read and countersign the report with date • Draw up a Action Plan within 14 days • Submit to Commissioner within 21 days • Keep copy of report at least 5 years
F&IU (Safety Management) Regulation Registered Safety Auditor - means a person registered as a safety auditor to conduct safety audit Safety Review Officer - means a person who appointed to conduct safety review
F&IU (Safety Management) Regulation Duty of Registered Safety Auditor: • Submit audit report within 28 days to Proprietor or Contractor • Keep copy of report at least 5 years • Submit copy of report to Commissioner within 21 days upon written request • Give audit plan to the Commissioner not less than 14 days before the audit
F&IU (Safety Management) Regulation Duty of Safety Review Officer: • Submit safety review report within 28 days to Proprietor or Contractor • Keep copy of report at least 3 years • Submit copy of report to Commissioner within 21 days upon written request
Registration Information of Registered Safety Auditor Registration Information • Up to end of December 2008, Over 1,500 persons have been registered as Registered Safety Auditor by Labour Department.
F&IU (Safety Management) Regulation How to be Registered Safety Auditor? • RSO under F&IU (SO & SS) Reg. • 3 years Managerial Post within 5 years • Recognised/Registered Course by L.D. e.g. PolyU, CityU, CITA, NOSA, DNV. And etc. • Understand Hong Kong Safety Legislation
F&IU (Safety Management) Regulation How to be Safety Review Officer? • Theoretical and Practical Training to ensure a person competency for conducting safety review efficiently & effectively.
F&IU (Safety Management) Regulation • Penalty • Proprietor or Contractor fails his duties - HK$200,000 & Imprisonment for 6 months • Registered Safety Auditor fails his duties - HK$100,000 & Imprisonment for 3 months • Safety Review Officer fails his duties - HK$100,000 & Imprisonment for 3 months • Scheme Operator fails his duties - HK$50,000 • Any person obstructs for assessing - HK$50,000
Safety Management Models BS8800 – 5 Key Management Principles: • Policy • Organisation • Planning & Implementing • Measuring Performance • Audit & Reviewing Performance
Safety Management Models BS EN ISO 14001-International Organisation for Standardization: • Initial Status Review • Occupational Health & Safety Policy • Planning • Implementation and Operation • Checking & Corrective Action • Management Review • Continual Improvement
Safety Management Models Continuous Improvement Model-NSC 1994: • Management Commitment and Involvement • Establish a Baseline • Set Goals • Implement Strategies • Review and Adjust
AS/NZS4804-1997 • Commitment • Policy • Planning • Implementation • Measurement and evaluation • Management review and improvement
Labour Department Safety Management Model • Planning • Developing • Organising • Implementing • Measuring • Auditing / Reviewing
5 Principles Vs 14 Elements “A Guide to Safety Management”, it lists the essential principles of a safety management system, and it is not statutory requirements. The 14 elements listed in the Factories and Industrial Undertaking (Safety Management) Regulation are statutory requirements.
Safety Management Models Useful Site Address: http://www/ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/managmnt/ioha/index.htm#top
Case Study What is the Similarities and Difference of Safety Management Systems?