Centripetal force
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Centripetal Force. Means “center seeking” or “towards the center” Any force that causes an object to follow a circular path. EXAMPLE : The force that holds the occupants in a rotating ride. Centripetal Force.

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Centripetal force
Centripetal Force

  • Means “center seeking” or “towards the center”

  • Any force that causes an object to follow a circular path.

    • EXAMPLE: The force that holds the occupants in a rotating ride.


Centripetal force1
Centripetal Force

  • Name give to any force that is directed at a right angle to the path of a moving object and that tends to produce circular motion

  • If the centripetal force is removed, an object will follow a straight line, TANGENTIAL path (like in the plate & marble, and hula hoop demo!)


Centri f ugal force
Centrifugal Force

  • Means “center fleeing,” or “away from the center”

  • The Physics F-WORD!!!! F is for fake, false, fabricated, fictitious, forbidden, etc…

  • Very commonly misused.

    • (people say centrifugal when they should say centripetal)

  • It is NOT real force because it is NOT part of an action-reaction pair!

  • Misconception that centrifugal force pulls you outward during circular motion. THERE IS NO FORCE PULLING YOU OUTWARD!

    • Actually, it is just the inertia of the body traveling tangent to the circle.


Centripetal force

  • Inward Force

  • Inward acceleration

  • Tangent velocity


Pogil review
POGIL Review the ball that wants to continue moving in a straight line. Instead, the ball is forced inward to change its direction (Centripetal Force-supplied by string).

  • Turn to the summary portion at end of POGIL.

  • 5 minutes to complete #1-8

  • MAKE CORRECTIONS!!!!


1 the force that causes an object to move in a circular path acts
1. The force that causes an object to move in a circular path acts…

  • Inward, towards the center

  • Curved, In a circle

  • Tangent

  • Curved, away from the circle

  • Outward, away from the center

  • None of the above


2 if you were to remove that force from the object the object would take a path that looked like
2. If you were to remove that force from the object, the object would take a path that looked like

  • Inward, towards the center

  • Curved, In a circle

  • Tangent

  • Curved, away from the circle

  • Outward, away from the center

  • None of the above


Centripetal force

3. You are traveling in the passenger seat of a car. All of the sudden, the driver makes a sharp LEFT turn. Do you feel as if you are moving to the right, or the left?

  • Right

  • Left

  • Neither


Centripetal force

  • Imagine the sudden, the driver makes a sharp LEFT turn. Do you that you are a passenger in a car which is making a left turn.

    • As the car begins to take the turn to the left, you often feel as though you are sliding to the right.

    • The car is turning to the left due to the inward CENTRIPETAL force, yet you feel as though you are being forced rightward or outward.

    • In actuality, the car is beginning its turning motion (to the left) while you continue in a straight line path. This motion can be better understood by examining the animation below.

    • http://www.mrwaynesclass.com/teacher/circular/CarAndCurve.htm

    • http://www.physicsclassroom.com/mmedia/circmot/rht.cfm


Centripetal force

4. When a car travels in a circular path, what force holds the car in the curved path? (Hint: Is it easy to maneuver a car when road conditions are icy?)

  • Gravity

  • Support force

  • Centrifugal force due to friction

  • Centripetal force due to friction


Centripetal force

5. Please answer the following question: the car in the curved path? (When riding the “Himalaya” or “Music Express” carnival rides, is it more comfortable to sit on the outside seat or the seat closer to the center? Why?

  • Outside seat

  • Inside seat

  • Doesn’t matter


Centripetal force

5. Please answer the following question: the car in the curved path? (When riding the “Himalaya” or “Music Express” carnival rides, is it more comfortable to sit on the outside seat or the seat closer to the center? Why?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DtNVLEXzcvM


Centripetal force
6. Suppose the car in the curved path? (you were to let go of the string holding the water bottle. (DO NOT DO THIS) What path would the water bottle follow?

  • Inward, towards the center

  • Curved, In a circle

  • Tangent

  • Curved, away from the circle

  • Outward, away from the center

  • None of the above


Centripetal force

7. Picture a washing machine drum. It rotates, and has holes in the side of the drum. Is the water being forced away from the clothes, or are the clothes being forced away from the water?

  • The water is being forced away from the clothes

  • The clothes are being forced away from the water

  • Neither the clothes nor water are being forced

  • Both the clothes and water are being forced


Centripetal force
8. holes in the side of the drum.  Explain why various race tracks have banked curves – or inclined walls.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HmFMAGxGavY

  • More centripetal force

  • Less centripetal force

  • More centrifugal force

  • Less centrifugal force


Concept development
Concept Development holes in the side of the drum.

  • On the back of your Study Guide

  • Complete #1 – 4!

  • We are going over this in 5 minutes!


Centripetal force

Remember – YOU want to move a holes in the side of the drum. ccording to Newton’s 1st Law – no change in motion. Only a FORCE will change your motion. Remove the force (in this case, back of seat), you tend to stay at rest.


Centripetal force

Remember – YOU want to move a holes in the side of the drum. ccording to Newton’s 1st Law – no change in motion. Only a FORCE will change your motion. Remove the force (in this case, seatbelt), you tend to keep a constant velocity.


Centripetal force

Remember – YOU want to move a holes in the side of the drum. ccording to Newton’s 1st Law – Straight line, same speed. Only a FORCE will change your motion. Remove the force (in this case, seatbelt and car door), you tend to keep a constant, TANGENT velocity – you would fly out of the car by virtue of your inertia, since there would be NO force on you!


Summary
**Summary** holes in the side of the drum.

  • CENTRIPETAL force is always inward, towards the center of the circle. (So is the acceleration! Object is changing direction, so its velocity is changing, so it is accelerating INWARD just like the force!)

  • CENTRIPETAL force causes objects to MOVE in a circular path

  • CENTRIFUGAL is the FEELING of being thrown outward (due to INERTIA / 1st Law), but it is not a real force! There is NEVER a force that throws you “outward”

  • When you turn, CENTRIPETAL force keeps you turning. Remove the force, you move in a tangent path because there is NO FORCE acting on you – you move by virtue of your own inertia / Newton’s 1st Law!


At this time
At this time… holes in the side of the drum.

  • Return your CLICKERS!

  • You have the rest of class to prep for your quest by completing the…

    • Web Quest (not collecting or grading…but some of the questions will be on your Quest)

    • Study Guide (not collecting or grading…but some of the questions will be on your Quest)

    • Tonight’s HW (#13-15, 3 points)

  • Next class we will…

    • Review HW #8-15

    • Take the quest

    • Start Ch. 12 (Big Bang, Black Holes, Universal Gravitation)