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Walking-Working Surfaces and Fall Protection. MODULE 9. 29 CFR 1910 and 29 CFR 1926. Construction work = construction, alteration, and/or repair 1910 Subpart D = Walking-Working Surfaces 1926 Subpart M = Fall Protection for construction Protect against recognized hazards.

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29 cfr 1910 and 29 cfr 1926 l.jpg
29 CFR 1910 and 29 CFR 1926

  • Construction work = construction, alteration, and/or repair

  • 1910 Subpart D = Walking-Working Surfaces

  • 1926 Subpart M = Fall Protection for construction

  • Protect against recognized hazards






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29 CFR 1910 Subpart D: Walking-Working Surfaces

  • 1910.21 Definitions by section

  • 1910.22 General Requirements

    • Housekeeping

    • Aisles and passageways

    • Covers and guardrails

    • Floor loading protection


1910 23 floor wall openings l.jpg
1910.23 Floor / wall openings

  • Protection for floor openings

    • Guardrails, covers, screens, attendants

    • Keep people from walking into holes

    • Keep tools/materials from falling through

  • Protection for wall openings

    • 4 foot drop

    • Choice of barriers/guards by conditions


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1910.23 Floor / wall openings

  • Protection of open-sided floors…

    • 4 foot drop or dangerous situation

    • Railing except for ramp/stairway/ladder

    • Toeboard for falling material hazards

    • Special allowances for runways

  • Stairway railings and guards

  • Railing, toeboard, cover specifications


1910 24 fixed industrial stairs l.jpg
1910.24 Fixed industrial stairs

  • Must be used for:

    • Routine access

    • Regular access with tools or chemicals

  • Spiral stairs only for limited/secondary

  • Strong enough for 5x load, 1000 lb

  • 22” wide, 30°-50°, uniform rise/tread

  • Nonslip

  • Platforms, railings, clearance


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Portable and fixed ladders

  • 1910.25 Portable wood ladders

  • 1910.26 Portable metal ladders

  • 1910.27 Fixed ladders


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Scaffolding

  • Where are scaffolds used in oil and gas field service?

  • 1910.28 Safety requirements for scaffolding

  • 1910.29 Manually propelled mobile ladder stands and scaffolds (towers)


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29 CFR 1926 Subpart M: Fall Protection

  • Applicable to construction workplaces

    • Site preparation, rig up, rig down

    • Special requirements for cranes/derricks, scaffolds, tank erection, stairways, ladders

  • 1926.500 Scope, application, definitions

  • 1926.501 Requirement for fall protection

  • 1926.502 Installation, construction, use

  • 1926.503 Training


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1926.501 Duty to have fall protection

  • 6 foot drop in construction situations

  • (a)(2) Surface strength and integrity

  • (b)(1) Unprotected sides and edges

  • (b)(2) Leading edges

  • (b)(3) Hoist areas

  • (b)(4) Holes

  • (b)(6) Ramps, runways, walkways


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1926.501 Duty to have fall protection

  • (b)(8) Dangerous equipment

  • (b)(14) Wall openings

  • (b)(15) Not otherwise addressed

  • (c) Falling object protection


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1926.502 Fall protection systems criteria and practices

  • General

    • Provided for employee before work starts

  • Guardrail systems

  • Safety net systems

  • Personal fall arrest systems

  • Positioning device systems

  • Warning line systems


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1926.502 Fall protection systems criteria and practices

  • Controlled access zones

  • Safety monitoring systems

  • Covers

  • Protection from falling objects

  • Fall protection plan (limited use)


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1926.503 Training requirements

  • Training

  • Certification of training

  • Retraining


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1926 Subpart M Appendices

  • B: Guardrail systems

  • C: Personal fall arrest systems

  • D: Positioning device systems

  • E: Sample fall protection plan


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API RP 54

  • 5.5 Fall Protection

    • “All personnel, when engaged in work ten feet above the rig floor or other working surfaces, shall be protected at all times from falling by guardrail systems, safety net systems, or personal fall arrest systems (PFAS).”

    • Unless unfeasible or creates a greater hazard


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API RP 54

  • 6.11 Personnel Lifting Systems

    • In general, people may not ride elevators

    • Bosun’s chair or equivalent, attached to traveling block, may be used to reach otherwise inaccessible location – with special provisions


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API RP 54

  • 9.3 Ladders, Stairways, and Platforms

    • Fixed ladder specifications: location, design, and installation

    • At least 2 stairways from rig floor to ground

    • Housekeeping for slips, trips, and egress

    • Platform design and installation

    • Guardrails and toeboards

    • Floor openings