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Muscle Reading. From Becoming a Master Student By Dave Ellis. What is muscle reading?. A technique that will help you stay focused as you read A way to decrease effort and struggle by increasing energy and skill. How does Muscle Reading work?.

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muscle reading

Muscle Reading

From Becoming a Master Student

By Dave Ellis

what is muscle reading
What is muscle reading?
  • A technique that will help you stay focused as you read
  • A way to decrease effort and struggle by increasing energy and skill
how does muscle reading work
How does Muscle Reading work?
  • Muscle Reading is a three phase technique you can use to extract the ideas and information you want
phase 1 before you read
Phase 1: Before You Read
  • Step 1: Preview
    • Sets the stage for incoming info
    • Look over table of contents or chapter outline
    • Read chapter headings and subheadings
    • Look for summary statements
    • Look for familiar concepts, facts, ideas
    • Examine photos, charts, graphs, etc.
Step 2: Outline

Helps organize your thoughts

Study chapter outline if provided or write a brief one of your own

Step 3: Question

Involves your brain in the assignment

Write down a list of questions that resulted from your preview

You may want to turn headings and subheading into questions

phase 2 while you read
Phase 2: While You Read
  • Step 4:Read
    • Be conscious of where you are and what you are doing
    • Divide material up and take short breaks
    • Reward yourself
    • To stay focused
      • Visualize the material
      • Read the material out loud
      • Get a “feel” for the subject
      • Try to answer your questions from phase 1
Step 5:Underline/Highlight

Emphasizes important info you will need later

Uses kinesthetic sense of touch and motion

Step 6: Answer

Write down the answer to your questions in Phase 1

Fill in your outline

Write down unanswered and new questions to ask in class

phase 3 after you read
Phase 3:After You Read
  • Step 7: Recite
    • Helps you combine individual ideas and facts into a whole
    • Helps improve your ability to summarize
    • Talk to yourself (verbal rehearsal) or to someone else about the material
    • Form a study group to discuss the material
    • Teach a classmate the material –one of the best ways to learn anything is to teach someone else
Step 8: Review

Do your first complete review within 24 hours

This moves information from short term to long term memory

Step 9:Review Again

Review weekly/monthly to help you recall the info

Review text and notes, recite difficult information

muscle reading10
Muscle Reading
  • Step 1: Preview
  • Step 2: Outline
  • Step 3: Question
  • Step 4: Read
  • Step 5: Underline
  • Step 6: Answer
  • Step 7: Recite
  • Step 8: Review
  • Step 9: Review Again
4 smart ways to highlight a text
4 Smart Ways to Highlight a Text
  • Read carefully first
    • Read first-highlight last
Make choices up front about what to highlight
    • Look for answers to your questions from step 3 of Muscle Reading
    • Highlight individual words, phrases, or sentences rather than whole paragraphs
Recite first
    • Recite first then go back and highlight
Use highlighting to monitor your comprehension
    • Stop reading periodically to check what you have highlighted
    • If you are highlighting more than 10% of the text, your are picking out more than the main points
ways to mark a text
Ways to Mark A Text
  • Place an (!) by important words or terms
  • Circle key terms and words
  • Write short definitions of key terms in margin
  • Place (?) in margin by possible test questions, things you don’t understand, and questions to ask in class
  • Write personal comments in margins
more ways to mark a text
More Ways to Mark a Text
  • Write mini-indexes in the margin
  • Write summaries by listing main points or key events
  • Rewrite chapter titles, headings, and subheadings to make them more meaningful to you
  • Draw diagrams, pictures, tables, or maps
  • Number each step in a list or series