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Preparing for Installation • Reviewing the list of tasks • Working with DNS • Recording information • Backing up files • Uncompressing the drive • Disabling disk mirroring • Disconnecting UPS devices • Reviewing applications • Checking for boot sector viruses • Gathering materials
Minimum Hardware Requirements • 32-bit Pentium 133 MHz – 1 GHz+ • 1.5 GB – 4.0 Gb of free hard disk space • 128 MB – 256 MB of memory • VGA 640 x 480 • Bootable CD‑ROM • NIC • PNP Bios
Hardware Compatibility • Hardware and software automatically checked for compatibility • Compatible hardware and devices on HCL • Support only for devices on HCL
Disk Partitions • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 can be installed on a new partition or on an existing partition. • Windows Server 2003 Server is installed on the boot partition, which must be at least 1.5 GB – 4.0 GB. • \Windows folder • The operating system starts from the system partition. • To install Windows 2003, mirroring must be disabled on the partitions and the disks must be uncompressed.
File Systems • NTFS • FAT32 • FAT
NTFS • Preferred • Contains basic capabilities of FAT plus advanced features • Requires Microsoft Windows NT or higher • Used when a Windows 2003 partition provides specific features • Convert /fs:ntfs
FAT16 and FAT32 • Allow access by and are compatible with more than one operating system • Do not offer many of the features supported by NTFS • Often used to support a dual-boot environment
File System Considerations • Using an existing partition • Converting an existing partition • Choosing the FAT option
Licensing • Per Server mode • 1 CAL per client / per server connecting to • Per Seat mode • 1 CAL no matter how many servers you connect to • Client Access License (CAL) not needed in pure client/server environment • Can change from per server to per seat but not back
Upgrade or New Installation • Upgrading: installing Windows Server 2003 in a directory that currently contains an Windows 2000, NT • Not Win 9x, ME, or NT Workstation • Installing: placing the operating system in a new directory, wiping out the previous operating system, or installing Windows Server 2003 on a disk or partition with no operating system
Installation Methods • CD‑ROM • Over-the-network
Windows Server 2003 Setup Programs • Setup.exe • Winnt.exe • Winnt32.exe
Setup.exe • Allows you to launch Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe • Located in the root directory of the Windows Server 2003 installation CD‑ROM • Allows you to install Windows 2000 Server, install add-on components, browse the CD‑ROM, or exit the Setup program • Prompts you to install or upgrade to Windows Server 2003 • if Windows NT or Windows 200o Server is running on the computer
Winnt.exe • Used for a clean installation on a computer running MS‑DOS or Windows 3.x • Commonly used for over-the-network installations that use an MS‑DOS client • Can be executed from an MS‑DOS or a Windows 16-bit operating system command prompt • Includes a number of switches that allow you to modify the behavior of the program
Winnt32.exe • Used for a clean installation on a computer running Windows 95, Windows 98, or Windows NT Workstation • Used for a clean installation or upgrade on a computer running Windows NT Server 3.51, Windows NT Server 4.0, or an earlier version of Windows 2000 Server • Can be executed from the Windows Server 2003 installation CD‑ROM or from a network share • Includes a number of switches that allow you to modify the behavior of the program
The Installation Process • Pre-Installation: phase 1 • Text Based: phase 2 • GUI Setup: phase 3
Boot computer from CD • Insert the Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition CD into your computer’s CD-ROM drive and boot the computer. • The machine should automatically begin the installation process. • After the machine begins the process of booting from the CD, you should see the below screen:
Begin Installation • When presented with the screen below, press Enter to continue.
Welcome Screen • When presented with the screen below, press Enter to continue.
Windows Licensing Agreement • The Windows Licensing Agreement screen should appear. • Read the licensing agreement and press F8 to indicate your agreement and proceed with the installation.
Creating Partitions • You may partition your disk any way you wish; however, it is recommended that you create a partition of at least3 Gigabytes (GB) in size. • If your disk is unpartitioned, the screen will resemble the screen below. • If your disk is already partitioned, you may either install onto an existing partition or delete and createpartitions as desired.
Sizing and Confirming Partitions • If you chose to create a new partition on the disk, you will be presented with the confirmation screen below. • Verify that the partition is at least 3 GB and press Enter to continue.
Selecting the Installation Partition • After you have created a new partition, or if you plan to install on an existing partition, you will be presented with the screen below • Select the partition on which you intend to install Windows Server 2003 using your arrow keys and press Enter to continue.
Selecting a File System • If you are presented with the screen below, the default option to format the partition using the NTFS file system should be selected. • If the “Format this partition using the NTFS file system” option is not selected, use your arrow keys to select it. • Press Enter to continue.
Formatting the Partition • Setup should now format the partition if you chose to format using the NTFS file system. • If you chose to maintain an existing file system on the partition, the partition will not be formatted. However, if you do not have at least one NTFS-formatted partition on the computer, you will be unable to complete subsequent labs.
Examining Disks • Setup will examine your disks.
Copying of Installation Files • Setup will copy files from your installation CD to your machine’s harddrive.
Configuration Initialization • Setup initializes the configuration.
Restart • Setup will reboot your computer.
Begin GUI Mode Portion of Setup • After your computer reboots, you will be presented with the screen below, which has initialized the 32-bit GUI-mode portion of the setup process. • An estimated completion duration for the installation will be displayed on this screen.
Choose Regional Settings • When you are presented with the “Regional and Language Options” screen shown below, choose the Standards and formats setting appropriate to your region. If the default settings are incorrect, click the Customize button and choose appropriate settings • If necessary, select your default inputlanguage and method by clicking the “Details” button and choosing your language settings. • Click Next.
Entering Owner Information • When you are presented with the “Personalize Your Software” screen, enter your name and organization information. • This information is not vital to the functionality of the operating system, so you may enter anything you wish. • Click Next.
Entering the Product Key • When presented with the “Your Product Key” screen, enter the product key with which you were provided. The product key is not case-sensitive and you do not need to press the caps lock key in order to enter the product key letters. • Click Next. • If the installation will not proceed, check your product key and type it again.
Choosing Server Licensing • When presented with the “Licensing Modes” screen, you may choose to license the server either in Per Server mode or in Per Seat mode. • If you choose to license the server in Per Server mode, set the number of concurrent connections allowed. • If you choose to license the server in Per Seat mode, you will not need to enter a connection limit number. • Click Next.
Naming the Computer and Setting Administrator Password • When prompted with the “Computer Name and Administrator Password” screen, name your computer . • Enter only the host portion of your machine’s fully qualified domain name. • Set the Administrator password to “password”and type it again in the “Confirm password” field. • Click Next. • IMPORTANT: Before proceeding further, see next page.
Password Complexity Warning • Because the password “password” does not meet the default complexity requirements configured automatically in Windows Server 2003, you will be presented with the below dialog box. • Click No to indicate that you do not wish to proceed with the current password. • In the “Administrator password” and “Confirm password” fields, enter a password of “P@ssw0rd” • Click Next.
Setting Time and Time Zone • In the “Date and Time Settings” dialog box, verify that the date and time are correct. • In the “Time Zone” field, select the time zone in which you are currently located. • Click Next.
Installation • Windows Server 2003 will continue with the installation process. You do not need to do anything at this point.
Configuring Networking Settings • Setup will prompt with the “Networking Settings” dialog box. • Select the “Typical settings” radio button. • Click Next.
Joining a Workgroup • When presented with the “Workgroup or Computer Domain” dialog box, you may choose join a workgroup. • If you are joining a workgroup, enter a NetBIOS name for the workgroup (InstallLab).
Workgroup Failure • If you choose to join a workgroup and are presented with the following dialog box, click “Yes” and proceed with the installation. • Click Next.
Completion • Windows Server 2003 will continue with the installation process and will automaticallyreboot when the installation has completed. • When the machine reboots, log on to the computer with the administrator user name and the password you set in an earlier step.
Introduction to a Windows Server 2003Upgrade • One basic process for upgrading a member server • Guided through installation by the Setup wizard • Reasons to upgrade • Using same applications after upgrade
Upgrading Servers • Can upgrade from Windows NT Server 3.51, Windows NT Server 4.0, and earlier versions of Windows 2000 Server • Should upgrade to Windows NT Server 4.0 first if computer is running a pre-3.51 version of Windows NT Server • Upgrade methods • Finding Windows NT installation to upgrade
Introduction to a Domain Upgrade • Three server roles in relation to domains • At least one domain controller in a domain • Several considerations in upgrading a domain • Roles of servers in Windows NT domains and Windows 2000 domains
Planning for a Windows NT Domain Upgrade • DNS domain name organization • Namespace organization within large account domains • Domain consolidation • New machine accounts added for long-term organization • Deployment of advanced technologies
Preparing for a Windows NT Domain Upgrade • Back up the hard disks before upgrading any of the servers. • Disconnect the network cable of a BDC in the Windows NT domain. • Ensure that there is plenty of disk space on any computer that will be made a domain controller in the Windows 2000 domain.
Preparing to Upgrade the Domain Controller • Disable WINS and DHCP. • Set up a test environment.
Upgrading the Primary Domain Controller • Upgrade the PDC first. • You can choose whether to create a new domain or a child domain and whether to create a new forest or a domain tree in an existing forest. • You can choose the location of three important files. • After the server is upgraded, it is fully backward compatible.