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The Geography of the Middle East

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  1. The Geography of the Middle East Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

  2. The Middle East Today:Political Map 19 4--> 17 18 11--> 6 7 1 13 8--> 9 <--10 2 12 5 3--> 16 15--> 20 14 21

  3. Middle East? OR Near East?OR Southwest Asia? OR….?

  4. Bodies of Water Black Sea Caspian Sea Dardanelles Strait AtlanticOcean TigrisRiver Mediterranean Sea EuphratesRiver Jordan River Suez Canal Strait ofHormuz Persian Gulf Nile River Gulf ofOman Red Sea ArabianSea Gulf of Aden IndianOcean

  5. The Mighty Nile River:“Longest River in the World”

  6. Egypt: The “Gift of the Nile” Nile Delta Annual Nile Flooding 95% of the Egyptian people live on 5% of the land!

  7. Aswan High Dam, Egypt HydroelectricPower Plant

  8. Suez Canal Completed by the British in 1869

  9. The Tigris & EuphratesRiver System Mesopotamia: ”Land Between the Two Rivers” Marsh Arabs, So. Iraq

  10. Dust Storms Along the Tigris-Euphrates Flood Plains

  11. TheJordan RiverSystem: Israel & Jordan--A Fight OverWater Rights?

  12. Dead Sea: Lowest Point on Earth 2,300’ below sea level HighestSaltContent(33%)

  13. Wadis – Instant Springs

  14. Mountains & Plateaus Caucasus Mts. AnatolianPlateau Elburz Mts. Iranian Plateau Taurus Mts. Zagros Mts. Atlas Mts. Hejaz Mts.

  15. Mountain Ranges in Mid-East Elburz Mts., Iran Zagros Mts., Iran Lebanese Mts. Taurus Mts., Turkey

  16. Deserts NegevDesert SinaiDesert Libyan Desert ArabianDesert Rubal-Khali Sahara Desert

  17. Desert Bedouins

  18. Breeding Areas of Desert Locusts

  19. Swarms of Desert Locusts! Israel Hit By Worst Locust Plague Since the 1950s! Locusts Swarm the Pyramids Complex at Giza!

  20. Rub al-Khali:“The Empty Quarter”

  21. Desert Oases: Water at a Premium!

  22. Fresh Groundwater Sources

  23. DesalinizationPlants

  24. Fertile Crescent

  25. The Fertile Crescent Area of fertile land. First civilizations here

  26. Completed Map Caucasus Mts. Black Sea Caspian Sea Dardanelles Strait AnatolianPlateau Elburz Mts. AtlanticOcean Mediterranean Sea TigrisRiver EuphratesRiver Iranian Plateau Taurus Mts. Jordan River Zagros Mts. Atlas Mts. NegevDesert SinaiDesert Suez Canal Strait ofHormuz ArabianDesert Persian Gulf Libyan Desert Nile River Gulf ofOman Rubal-Khali Red Sea Hejaz Mts. Sahara Desert ArabianSea Gulf of Aden IndianOcean

  27. The Middle East vs. the U. S.Latitude Lines

  28. Middle East: Climate Regions

  29. Middle East: Population Density

  30. Cairo, Egypt: Most Populated City in the Middle East 17,000,000+People!

  31. The Middle East:Natural Vegetation

  32. The Natural Resources of theMiddle East

  33. World Oil Reserves

  34. Persian Gulf Oil Exports (2003)

  35. Saudi Oil Fields & Refineries

  36. Kuwait: An Island Floating on a Sea of Oil KuwaitCity

  37. Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers The U. S. imports 30% of its oil needs from the Middle East.