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Low Back Pain. Spinal Anatomy Overview. The spine consists of four main areas Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacrum/coccyx. Spinal Anatomy.

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spinal anatomy overview
Spinal Anatomy Overview
  • The spine consists of four main areas
    • Cervical
    • Thoracic
    • Lumbar
    • Sacrum/coccyx
spinal anatomy
Spinal Anatomy
  • The spine is a remarkable combination of strong bones, flexible ligaments and tendons, large muscles and highly sensitive nerves. It is designed to be incredibly strong, protecting the highly sensitive nerve roots yet being highly flexible providing for mobility on many different planes.
quick back facts
Quick Back Facts
  • 80% of Americans will experience back pain in their lives
  • Second most common reason for doctors visit
  • Total cost exceeds $100 billion per year
  • 90% of people will recover within 6 weeks with conservative care
  • Second only to the common cold for work sick days
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Depending on the cause, symptoms can vary
    • Dull, sharp or burning
    • Felt at a single point or over a broad area
    • Occurs suddenly or comes on gradually
    • Occurs with spasms or stiffness
    • Associated leg symptoms such as pain, numbness or tingling
red flag symptoms
Red Flag Symptoms
  • History of cancer
  • Progressive motor or sensory deficit
  • Prolonged steroid use, IV drug use
  • Major trauma
  • Numbness in groin/saddle
  • Bilateral leg weakness
  • Fever and chills
  • Unrelenting severe pain with rest
  • Loss of bowel or bladder function
cauda equina
Cauda Equina
  • A serious problem that can occur if the nerves at the end of the spinal cord are squeezed
  • Seek emergency treatment if you experience any red flag Symptoms
causes of back injuries
Causes of Back Injuries
  • Most back injuries can be attributed to one of these five causes
    • Poor posture
    • Improper body mechanics/work habits
    • Stressful living
    • Loss of flexibility
    • Poor conditioning/overweight
obesity
Obesity
  • World Health Organization (WHO)
    • Overweight: BMI 25-29
    • Obese: BMI 30 and above
  • By 2015: 700 million will be obese
  • Overweight and obesity lead to serious health consequence
    • Cardiovascular disease
    • Diabetes
    • Musculoskeletal disorders
    • Some cancers
diagnostic testing
Diagnostic Testing
  • Physicians will not generally order diagnostic tests in the first six weeks of low back pain
  • Most of the time, the causes for back pain cannot be found by x-ray, CT scan or MRI
i m the one with the medical degree i ll determine if your back is bothering you or not
“I’m the one with the medical degree, I’ll determine if your back is bothering you or not.”
intervertebral disks
Intervertebral Disks
  • Acts like a cushion between the bony vertebrae that make up the spine
  • 90% water
  • Wears with age
potential disk problems
Potential Disk Problems
  • Degenerated disks
  • Thinning disks
  • Bulging disks
  • Herniated disks
  • Osteophyte (bone spur) formation
why does back pain seem to always come back
Why does back pain seem to always come back?
  • The disks between our vertebrae act like shock absorbers
  • When disks are injured from either wear and tear or a sudden force, they are unable to repair themselves very well because they lack the rich blood supply needed for healing
sciatica
Sciatica
  • Set of symptoms - not a disease in itself
  • When the sciatic nerve is irritated or compressed
  • Causes shock like or burning low back pain that can extend down to the foot
  • Extreme cases can cause loss of motor control
sciatica treatment
Sciatica Treatment
  • Self care under a doctor’s care
  • Chiropractic
  • Prescription medications
  • Epidural steroid injections
  • Physical therapy program
piriformis syndrome
Piriformis Syndrome
  • Muscle that runs above the sciatic nerve.
  • When the muscle becomes tight, causes sciatica like pain down the leg
  • Prolonged sitting, car accidents, falls
piriformis syndrome treatment
Piriformis Syndrome Treatment
  • Stretching- #1 treatment
  • Physical therapy
  • Massage therapy
  • Anti-inflammatory medications
  • Temperature treatments
spinal stenosis
Spinal Stenosis
  • Congenital or age related narrowing of the spinal canal
spinal stenosis1
Spinal Stenosis
  • Risk of developing increases after 50 years of age, severity can increase with age
  • Treatments include
    • Pilates or yoga to stretch and strengthen the spine.
    • Physical therapy
    • Epidural steroid Injections
spondylosis
Spondylosis
  • Spinal arthritis
  • Can allow for a forward slippage of the vertebrae onto the vertebrae below it
helping prevent spinal osteoarthritis
Helping prevent spinal osteoarthritis
  • Stay ahead of the game!
  • Get up and go!
  • Cut the fat!
  • Sit smart
  • Stand smart too!
  • Save those joints
  • Only eat the good stuff
  • Kick the habit, don’t smoke!
  • No pain, all gain!
  • Be good to yourself
muscle strains
Muscle Strains
  • The majority of back pain is caused by muscle strains
  • Usually heals with conservative treatments and time
  • Muscles in the lower back have an excellent blood supply bringing it the necessary nutrients for healing to occur
exercise and low back pain
Exercise and Low Back Pain
  • The natural stimulus for healing process is active exercise
  • The majority of people do not get enough exercise from daily activities to support their lower back muscles.
  • While some of these muscles are used in everyday life, a complete exercise program for optimal lower back health is needed
treatment options
Treatment Options
  • Exercise
  • Temperature treatments
  • Physical therapy
  • Chiropractic
  • Acupuncture
  • Massage therapy
  • Water therapy
medications
Medications
  • Over the counter

- Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, aspirin

  • Narcotic pain relievers

- Not recommended for long term use

  • Muscle relaxants

- Treats muscle spasms

healthy living
Healthy Living
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain or achieve a healthy weight
  • Regular core strengthening exercises
  • Eat healthy, drink plenty of water
  • Practice good body mechanics
  • Good quality sleep
sleeping easier with back pain
Sleeping Easier with Back Pain
  • No perfect position for everyone – Listen to your body
  • Pillow between your legs
  • Firmer mattress
  • Egg crate or pillow top if it helps
  • Good sleep routine
four things to take away
Four things to take away
  • Chances are you will experience back pain at some point in your life
  • Expensive diagnostic tests cannot always identify the cause of your pain
  • There is no quick fix
  • Establish a healthy lifestyle
resources
Resources
  • www.bcidaho.com
  • www.spine-health.com
  • www.spineuniverse.com