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Institutional and Capacity Building in Implementation of Watersheds in Odisha. Govt. of Odisha. Implementation Challenges. Institutional set up (dedicated human resource) Capacity building of primary and secondary stakeholders (institutionalized delivery) Institutionalized convergence

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Govt. of Odisha

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implementation challenges
Implementation Challenges
  • Institutional set up (dedicated human resource)
  • Capacity building of primary and secondary stakeholders (institutionalized delivery)
  • Institutionalized convergence
  • Monitoring mechanisms
institutional set up for programme delivery
Institutional set up for programme delivery
  • Dedicated institutions at state, district and cluster level
    • OWDM as SLNA
      • Management team(State) and technical team (SLNA)
    • PD (watersheds) in each IWMP district
      • WCDCs housed at PD offices
      • Management team(4 member APDs from state)
      • Technical team (TEs from DoLR ,additional 3 member CBT from State)
      • 10 member support staff (state)
institutional set up for programme delivery1
Institutional set up for programme delivery
    • Full time PIAs at cluster level (GOs & NGOs)
      • 4 member WMT from IWMP
      • 3 member LST from State
    • Defined ToRs for Technical Experts, CBT,WMT and LST
  • Watershed Association-Watershed Committee
    • WC for each micro-watershed of 500 ha
    • Sarpanches and Ward members co-opted as members
institutional arrangement state level
Institutional ArrangementState Level

Agriculture Department

Agriculture Department

Agriculture Department

Orissa Watershed Development Mission


Managers/Asst managers

Subject Matter Specialists (TEs)

Support Staff

institutional arrangement district level
Institutional ArrangementDistrict Level



Management Team

4 APDs (Govt officers)

Technical Team

1/2 TEs+ 3 CBTs (contractual)

Support Staff (10member)/DEO

institutional arrangement cluster level
Institutional ArrangementCluster Level



4 members


3 members

institutional arrangement watershed level
Institutional ArrangementWatershed level








institutionalized capacity building delivery
Institutionalized capacity building delivery
  • Consortium of Resources Organisations
    • Provided ToTs
    • Developed Training modules ( and ) both in English and Oriya
    • Cluster Livelihoods Resources Centers (CLRCs) promoted in WORLP & Jeebika continued
    • Provided CB support to primary stakeholders
    • Empanelled trainers/CRPs
    • Potential of transforming to Resources Centers to provide continued knowledge services(CBand other services)
    • Need for Piloting
institutionalised capacity building
Institutionalised capacity building
  • Training need assessment for Primary and Secondary stakeholders
  • Preparation of CB calendar
  • Standardized Cost Norm
  • Focus on long term training
  • Skilled base training
  • Exposure and on farm demonstrations
  • Promotion of CLWs for knowledge services
















Pool of Resource Persons

Consortium of Organisations in Livelihoods Resource Center Network

Resource Organizations: OUAT/CTCRI/CIFA/DWM/XIMB/CYSD/SMILE etc.

cluster livelihood resource centers

Cluster Livelihood Resource Centers

  • Purpose :
  • To address capacity building needs of the primary stakeholders
  • Knowledge services

CLW(NRM) training at Rayagada,OPDSC

Skill development on Hotel and Catering Services at SIHM,Bolangir

institutionalised convergence
Institutionalised Convergence
  • Convergence plan- an integral part of DPR
    • Micro plan/Detailed Project Report as per the needs of the community
    • Holistic plan for the watersheds to leverage resources
      • NRM /Livelihoods plan
      • Convergence Plan
  • Convergence workshops with Line departments
  • Activities identified for Convergence
    • Farm Ponds/Open Wells/Ring wells
    • Water Harvesting Structures
    • Land development /Field bunding
    • Plantation ( Cashew, Silviculture,Horticulture)
    • Livestock management
    • Water and Sanitation
process of convergence
Process of Convergence
  • Project Directors (Watersheds) designated as Project Implementers
  • Proposals raised from beneficiaries
  • Verification of proposals/sites by WMT/PIA
  • Preparation of Plan & Estimates by WMT
  • Technical Sanction by Asst Engineer/ ASCO/ PD(Watersheds)/Soil Conservation Officer
  • Administrative approval by PD WS
process of convergence1
Process of Convergence
  • Proposals Uploaded online at the Block level
  • Financial approval by Collector on the online copy
  • Funds released to PD WS and there to WC
  • Issue of work order to beneficiary / WDC Secretary /UG
  • Works implemented

NREGS Convergence

Irrigation canal, Thuamul, Th Rampur

Diversion Weir, Kaniguma,Th Rampur Kalahandi

convergence with nregs
Convergence with NREGS

WHS at Tileijhar, Nuapada

Farm Pond of Bhubane Sabar,Silva,Nuapada

institutionalised monitoring iwmp
Institutionalised Monitoring-IWMP
  • On-line MIS as per GoI
  • Standardized MPR
  • Monitoring Teams (GO and TE)
  • Visit random clusters
  • Checklist to monitor Processes and programme components
  • Objective checklist to monitor DPR
  • Draft evaluation methodology prepared
  • Selection criteria for evaluating agencies


  • Upto 2 m increase in Ground Water Level

Pre-Monsoon (Apr.2004)

Pre-Monsoon (Apr.2008)

Source – Central Ground Water Board