Reading. Preston and Wise, Men in Arms , pp. 274-391. Learning Objectives. Summarize the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Explain US and Japanese strategy at the opening of WWII. Be familiar with the timeline of key events in the Pacific Theater.
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North, Central, Southern Pacific
Primarily open ocean
Many large land masses
Island Hop, but more land to useUnity of Command?
1st Marine Division Staff
23 Generals, 1 admiral, 3 Commandants;
40 officers with 700 yrs of combined service.
"The battle of Iwo Island has been won. The United States Marines by their individual and collective courage have conquered a base which is as necessary to us in our continuing forward movement toward final victory as it was vital to the enemy in staving off off ultimate defeat. By their victory, the 3d, 4th and 5th Marine Divisions and other units of the 5th Amphibious Corps have made an accounting to their country which only history will be able to value fully. Among the Americans who served on Iwo Island, uncommon valor was a common virtue. "Admiral Chester W. Nimitz
Victory was never in doubt…What was in doubt, in all our minds, was whether there would be any of us left to dedicate our cemetery at the end, or whether the last Marine would die knocking out the last Japanese gun and gunner. Let the world count our crosses.
MajGen Graves Erskine, CG 3d Marine Division, following the Battle for Iwo Jima
What platoon are you guys?
Platoon, hell! We’re the 2nd Battalion, 22d Marines, what’s left of us anyway.
Exchange between Marines following the Battle for Sugarloaf Hill on Okinawa, May 1945