Myths of Destruction and (Re)Creation. Cosmic Cycle. Creation and Recreation Not Armaggedon (the end of the world) But a refinement of creation Ages of Humankind. Themes. Destruction by Flood Bible Ovid’s Metamorphoses Gilgamesh Destruction by Fire Prose Edda Rebirth.
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Clylinder seal impression showing the Mesopotamian "god of Wisdom," called Ea (Aya, Ayya or Enki) with two streams of water pouring forth from his shoulders. Ea warned the Mesopotamian Noah, Utnapishtim of Shuruppak of the coming Flood advising him to build himself an ark for his family and animals. On the 7th day of the Flood, the SEBITTU DAY, Ea rested with ALL the other gods, the Flood having destroyed mankind whose noise and clamor had earlier prevented the gods from resting by day or sleeping by night.
Iron Age. Engraving by Virgil Solis for Ovid's Metamorphoses Book I, 141-150. Fol. 3v, image 5.
The Aztec tradition of Five Suns also involves four previous ages.
Present world preceded by other cycles of creation and destruction.
Jaguar Sun (Nahui Ocelotl)
Wind Sun (Nahui Ehecatl)
Rain Sun (Nahui Quiahuitl)
Water Sun (Nahui Atl)
The Hindu and Vedic writings (Manusmṛti or Manusmriti ) make reference to four age or Yuga:
Satya (Golden) 1,728,000 years
Treta (Silver) 1,296,000 years
Dwapara (Bronze) 864,000 years
and Kali (Iron) 432,000 years
Maha Yuga 4,032,000 years
1000 Maha Yugas = one day of Braham or 4.32 billion years.
Lycaeon tries to trick Juppiter into eating human flesh)
Juppiter destroys Lycaeon’s Palace
Johann Wilhelm Baur, Edition 1703) Ovid, Met. I, 167
Compare the Assembly of the Gods to the Roman Senate
Pyrrha and Deucalion, painted basin, Oraza Fontana or his workshop, 1565-71Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum.
Nicola Giolfino (Italian, 1476–1555)The Myth of Deucalion and Pyrrha, ca. 1550
Tempera on panel40 ½ x 57 ¾ in. (102.9 x 146.7 cm); frame: 50 ½ x 67 ¼ in. (128.3 x 170.8 cm)Samuel H. Kress Study Collection, 62.159
Deucalion and Pyrrha ask Themis for help.
(Johann Postumus, 1542) Ovid, Met. I, 375-380
The Tower of Babel 1563
Futile Human Attempt to become gods
Aetiology of LANGUAGE
aetiological function of mythcovenantElohist writer Genesisimmanent godIsraelitesLeviathanMesopotamiaNephilimNoahPriestly writerrainbowTiamattranscendent godYahwist or Jehovist writer
Babylonian Flood Story
by Hartmann Schedel (1440-1514),
NOAH'S ARKby Edward Hicks (1780-1849 )
نوح Nūḥ (the Arabic form of Noah) is a prophet in the Qur'an.
Because the Qur'an is more poem than prose, references to Noah are scattered throughout the Qur'an, but no historical account of the entire Deluge is given. Generally speaking, the references in the Qur'an are consistent with Genesis and Islamic tradition generally accepts the Genesis account as historical. However, the degree of detail varies between the two accounts.
Generally, the Qur'anic account emphasizes Noah's preaching of the monotheism of God, and the ridicule heaped on him by idolators.
Also, the Qur'anic account lacks several details of the Genesis account, including the crime of disrespect by Noah's son Ham in mocking, rather than covering his father's nakedness (Genesis 9:22), and the resultant cursing of his grandson Canaan.
Some Muslims assert that the flood during Noah's time was a local event, in contrast to the Biblical account which asserts that it was global. They infer this from several Qur'anic verses. Other Muslims, however, hold that the flood was indeed global. The Qur'an is not explicit on the point, allowing for some variety of interpretation.
AesirAsgardBaldrBifrostEinherjarepithetGanglieriGarmGylfiFenrirFriggHeimdallHelHigh OneHoddmimir's Wood
Lif and LifthrasirLokiMidgard SerpentMimir's SpringMjollnirNaglfarOdinSurtThorTyrRagnarokVigridYggdrasil
Odin Fighting the Wolf Fenrir
Signs and Portents
Assembly of the Enemies of the Good
The Gods Prepare
The Battle between Good and Evil
After the Battle—A Different Life
The New World and a New Order
Compare Germanic Biblical, Greco-Roman, and Babylonian Destruction Myths
The Disaster (Flood/Fire)
Gods’ Fear of Total Destruction